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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Security Level: Internal Use
GBSS13.0 BSC6900 (V900R013C00)
VAMOS Feature Description
Global Technical Support
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Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Know the basic principles of voice service over adaptive multi-user
channels on one slot (VAMOS).
Known the design and implementation method of VAMOS.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page3
Contents



VAMOS Feature Description
1. Basic Principles of VAMOS
2. Application Scenarios
3. Design and Implementation Method
4. Data Configuration Procedure
5. Description of Performance Measurement
6. Acronyms and Abbreviations
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Basic Principles of VAMOS
VAMOS is used to increase the capacity of the global system for mobile
communications (GSM) network. VAMOS multiplexes two users on one
full-rate or half-rate channel to increase the number of available radio
channels on the Um interface.




Function description
Left-right separation: distinguishing
users based on time.
Up-down separation: distinguishing
users based on the TSC.
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Basic Principles of VAMOS
The base transceiver station (BTS) uses the AQPSK modulation mode
and orthogonal TSC in the downlink. Therefore, the mobile station (MS)
must support SAIC to correctly demodulate downlink signals.
In the uplink, the MS still uses the GMSK modulation mode to modulate
signals. The BTS demodulates two signals by using the interference
cancellation algorithm (such as IRC and SIC) and orthogonal TSC.

GMS
GMS
TS 0 TS 1 TS 2
Uplin
GMSK
GMSK
TS 0 TS 1 TS 2
Uplink
TS 0 TS 1 TS 2
Downlink
TSC 1
TSC 2
TS 0 TS 1 TS 2
-QPSK
Downlink
TSC 1
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Basic Principles of VAMOS
Downlink signal modulation
Downlink signal demodulation (SAIC algorithm)

The BTS uses the modulation mode similar to QPSK to send signals. The data of two users is mapped to
different bits of the QPSK symbol. Then, /2 phase rotation is performed for the symbol. The existing SAIC MS
can directly demodulate signals from those received on the corresponding subchannel.
The SAIC receiver separates the received signals as real and imaginary parts and takes them as signal diversity
tributaries so that the diversity effect is obtained by using one antenna.
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Basic Principles of VAMOS
Uplink signal modulation: The MS uses the existing modulation algorithm
to modulate signals.

Downlink signal demodulation (SAIC algorithm)

Successive interference cancellation (SIC) uses the interference rejection combing (IRC) algorithm to
demodulate the strong-power user channels, deducts the strong-power user information from the received
signals, and then uses IRC to demodulate the remaining weak-power signals.
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Basic Principles of VAMOS
TSC users implement channel estimation, that is, obtain the channel
characteristics. Based on the modulation and demodulation modes, third
generation partnership project (3GPP) defines eight training sequences
numbered 0 to 7. For example, training sequence defined by normal burst
in GMSK modulation mode:




The eight TSCs defined by 3GPP are not closely related. To obtain better
orthogonality, The VAMOS workgroup defines a new TSC for VAMOS
multiplexing.

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Basic Principles of VAMOS
To support VAMOS better, 3GPP introduces a new TSC and an
advanced receiver structure. MSs are classified as follows based on
whether they support the functions:

MS
Classification
MS Capability Pairing
Restriction
SAIC New
Training
Sequence
VAMOS
Performance
Description
Marketing
Legacy Non-SAIC Considering the alpha QPSK
technology, a non-SAIC MS
may be multiplexed on the
VAMOS subchannel in the case
of certain power offset.
A legacy non-SAIC
MS cannot be
paired with a
legacy non-SAIC
MS or legacy SAIC
MS.
Not
supported
Not
supported
Low
performance
The current MS
penetration rate is
70% (3GPP).
Legacy SAIC Compared with a non-SAIC MS,
a legacy SAIC MS features
more powerful demodulation
capability but supports only the
existing TSC. It supports
VAMOS multiplexing well and
does not require much for the
MS on another subchannel.
A legacy SAIC MS
cannot be paired
with a legacy non-
SAIC MS (the
pairing is
theoretically
feasible, but it
requires much for
power offset;
therefore, it is not
applicable).
Supported Not
supported
Crucial for the
existing MS to
support
VAMOS. Its
capacity gain
is much lower
than the
VAMOS MS.
The current MS
penetration rate is
30% (3GPP).
VAMOS level I It supports the new TSC
defined for VAMOS.
None. Supported Supported It supports
high-
performance
VAMOS truly.
It is not launched
to the market yet.
VAMOS level II It supports a more advanced
demodulation algorithm,
supports the new TSC, and can
further improve the
demodulation performance
based on the TSC used by the
two multiplexed channels.
None. Supported Supported Further
enhanced.
It is not launched
to the market yet.
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Application Scenarios
VAMOS is applicable to the scenario
where network frequencies are loosely
multiplexed and the capacity is limited.
Typical scenarios are as follows:
Wide coverage in rural areas


Thin network after GSM refarming





Other scenarios



Rural area
Refarmed GSM
The GSM network will coexist with the 3G or even 4G network in a long
term. On the one hand, the number of GSM users decreases gradually,
and the GSM network undergoes continuous refarming; on the other
hand, the operator needs to maintain a thin GSM network for a long
time to guarantee the coverage for users. On the basis of the AHS
application, VAMOS can further meet the traffic peak requirements on
the thin GSM network. That is, a larger traffic capacity can be provided
with a small configuration.
In the scenario of wide coverage in rural areas, the frequency multiplexing
rate is low. On the basis of the AHS application, if the penetration rate of
VAMOS MSs is high, satisfactory voice capacity gain can be obtained.
For some areas where the number of GSM users rapidly increases,
when the user capacity requirement becomes higher, the operator can
increase TRXs and improve frequency multiplexing rate to expand the
capacity. This may greatly decrease the VAMOS gain. Therefore, the
VAMOS technology is not applicable to the area where the number of
GSM users still increases rapidly.
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Impacts of VAMOS on the Network (1)
After VAMOS is enabled, the number of available air
interface channels increases. As a result, the number of
transmission timeslots of the Abis, Ater, and A interfaces
increases. Therefore, before VAMOS is enabled,
transmission resources must be increased.
With the increase of transmission resources, the Abis/Ater/A
interface resources must also be increased, that is,
transmission interface boards in the BSC must be increased.
Along with the increase of A interface resource, TC boards
must also be increased.




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Impacts of VAMOS on the Network (2)
The orthogonal TSC is required to enable VAMOS.
Therefore, the TSCs on the network must be re-planed.
VAMOS is not used: The TSCs and BCCs are bound on the
network, and the TSCs can be planned at will.
VAMOS is used: To prevent cells from using the same
frequency and TSC in the case of inter-cell timeslot alignment,
re-plan the TSCs on the network by using a method similar to
frequency planning before enabling VAMOS. This method is
meant to enlarge the multiplexing distance between the cells
that use the same TSC.
After VAMOS is used, the cells need to use the second TSC,
and therefore the second TSC must be planed so that the cells
do not use the same TSC as peripheral cells.


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Impacts of VAMOS on the Network (3)
After VAMOS is enabled, more BTS destination signaling
point (DSP) processing resources are required (the number
of channels to be processed concurrently increases and
new modulation algorithms need to be used), and the
service processing capability of the BTS deteriorates. In
busy hours, the EDGE rate and EDGE+ rate are decreased.



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Design and Implementation Method
After VAMOS is enabled for a cell, half-rate channels can
implement VAMOS multiplexing. This can be explained as
follows: one subchannel in a timeslot is equivalent to four
HR subchannels instead of two HR subchannels. One full-
rate channel is still indicated as one channel.

VAMOS channel management
VAMOS supports full-rate and half-rate channels but it supports only half-
rate channels in GBSS13.0.
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Design and Implementation Method
In normal cases, when user A and user B access the network independently, each
occupies one half-rate channel. If user A and user B meet the multiplexing conditions,
the BSC hands user B over to the channel occupied by user A.
If user B is accessing the network and meets the multiplexing conditions, the BSC
directly assigns user B to the channel occupied by user A.
VAMOS channel multiplexing
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Design and Implementation Method
The BSC hands user B over to another half-rate channel.
VAMOS channel demultiplexing can be performed based on load or quality.

VAMOS channel demultiplexing
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Design and Implementation Method
VAMOS transmission resource management
VAMOS supports TDM, IP, and high-level data link control
(HDLC) transmission resources.
VAMOS supports TDM: If an office adopts TDM, the office
must be configured with FlexAbis. Expand channel numbers
to support VAMOS multiplexing.
VAMOS supports IP: After VAMOS is used, subchannel
numbers are expanded to 0 to 3.
VAMOS supports HDLC: After VAMOS is used, subchannel
numbers are expanded to 0 to 3.





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Design and Implementation Method
VAMOS processing capability adaptation
For the MRFU/MRRU V1&V2, service restrictions coexist
with VAMOS, EDGE, and EDGE+. Based on the DSP
computing capability of the supported carrier group, the
BSC determines the VAMOS channel of the timeslot in the
carrier group.
After VAMOS is used, the DSP decreases the uplink rate of
EDGE and EDGE+ services based on GMSK modulation if
the DSP processing capability is low.


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Design and Implementation Method
MS compatibility
Due to MS compatibility, MS type database is not available
on the BSC. This database records the VAMOS capability of
MSs of different types. The MSs are classified as follows:
MSs in the white list: This type of MSs can completely support
VAMOS multiplexing.
MSs in the gray list: The performance of this type of MSs varies with
the TSC combination. The hop-Alpha QPSK modulation mode,
however, can be used to upgrade the MS performance.
If MS compatibility is not considered, the BSC implements
multiplexing based on the VAMOS support capability
reported by the MS by using the classmark. If MS
compatibility is considered, the BSC obtains the MS type
and then implements multiplexing based on the MS
compatibility stored in the MS type database.



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Design and Implementation Method
MS compatibility
You can run ADD GMSSAICCAP to set the MS type
database on the BSC, that is, add MSs in the white list and
gray list manually.



You can configure up to 20,000 records in the white list and
gray list in total.



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Design and Implementation Method
Mute-SAIC MS identification
Mute-SAIC MS: An MS that supports SAIC but does not
report the SAIC support capability. This type of MSs affects
the VAMOS multiplexing rate.
If the CONNECTACK message is received during a call and
the channel quality of the call meets the condition, a
detection request is initiated to instruct the BTS to
implement automatic mute-SAIC identification.
After the BTS receives the automatic mute-SAIC
identification request, the BTS starts automatic mute-SAIC
identification.


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Design and Implementation Method
Mute-SAIC MS identification
Procedure for identifying Mute-SAIC MSs by the BTS:




The BSC records the MS type (TAC in the IMEI) based on
the BTS test result and periodically exports the records to
the OMU.

The BTS forcibly changes the modulation mode of downlink data to alpha-QPSK,
and sends dummy frames on another channel.
The BTS determines whether the MS supports VAMOS based on the downlink
quality changes.



IMEI 15 digits

TAC

8 digits

SNR

6 digits

CD/ SD

1 digit

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Design and Implementation Method
Mute-SAIC MS identification
You can run EXP MSSAICCAPMML to convert the BSC detection
result into a man-machine language (MML) script and save it in
\bam\version_x\ftp \ms_saic_cap on the OMU. Here, x refers to
the specific version number.
You can use the file manager on the Web LMT to export the
generated MML script to a local path. Then, run the MML script to
import the automatic detection result into the MS database.





Mute-SAIC MS identification causes network key performance indicators
(KPIs) to degrade.
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Design and Implementation Method
Automatic problem MS identification
Problem MS: An MS that supports SAIC and causes
call drops during multiplexing. This type of MSs
requires to be identified.
The procedure for identifying a problem MS is the
same as that for identifying a mute-SAIC MS.




Automatic problem MS identification causes KPIs to degrade.
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Design and Implementation Method
Operation and maintenance of VAMOS
Run SET FHO to force calls to implement VAMOS
multiplexing.
VAMOS is mutually exclusive with the following functions:




IBCA and Flex-MAIO
Flex-TSC
EMR
Concentric circle
Hybrid cell
Intra-cell asynchronous handover (including the repeater and frame offset)
External DXX connection in TDM transmission

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Data Configuration Procedure
VAMOS configuration procedure
Step 1: If the BTS transmission mode is TDM, when you run
ADD BTS to add a BTS, set Flex Abis Mode to FLEX_ABIS.
For an existing BTS, you can run MOD BTS to set Flex Abis
Mode to FLEX_ABIS. If the BTS transmission mode is IP or
HDLC, skip this step.
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Data Configuration Procedure
VAMOS configuration procedure
Step 2: Run SET GCELLPWRBASIC to set Power Control
Switch to PWR3.
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Data Configuration Procedure
VAMOS configuration procedure
Step 3: Run SET GCELLPWR3 to set III Power Control to
YES.
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Data Configuration Procedure
VAMOS configuration procedure
Step 4: Run SET GCELLVAMOS to set VAMOS to ON.
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Data Configuration Procedure
VAMOS configuration procedure
Step 5: Run SET GCELLVAMOSPWR to set Allow alpha-
QPSK Power Control and Allow SIC Power Control to ON.
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Data Configuration Procedure
Configuration procedure for mute-SAIC MS identification (optional)
Step 6: Run SET GCELLVAMOS to set Mute SAIC Terminal
Processing Switch and Auto Mute SAIC Identification Switch to
ON.
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Data Configuration Procedure
Configuration procedure for problem MS identification
(optional)
Step 7: Run SET GCELLVAMOS to set Problem SAIC
Terminal Processing Switch and Problem SAIC Terminal
Identify Switch to ON.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
VAMOS Configuration Procedure
Step 1: If the BTS service mode is set to TDM, set Flex Abis Mode to Flex Abis when
adding BTSs with the wizard, and run the MOD BTS command to set Flex Abis Mode to
Flex Abis. If the BTS service mode is set to IP or HDLC, ignore this step.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
VAMOS Configuration Procedure
Step 1: If the BTS already exists, right-click the BTS, and choose Modify Multiplexing
Mode or Flex Abis Mode from the shortcut menu, and set Flex Abis mode to Flex
Abis in the displayed dialog box. If the service mode of the BTS is set to IP or HDLC,
ignore this step.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
VAMOS Configuration Procedure
Step 2: Set Power Control Switch to Power controlIII in the Basic Parameters for
Power Control of Cell table.
The procedure for navigating to the Basic Parameters for Power Control of Cell table is as follows: On
the Main View tab, right-click a cell, and choose Cell Configuration Express from the shortcut menu.
On the Properties tab, click Basic Parameters for Power Control of Cell. The Basic Parameters for
Power Control of Cell table is displayed in the right pane.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
VAMOS Configuration Procedure
Step 3: Set III Power Control Optimized Enable to Yes in the Parameters for Power
Control III of Cell table.
The procedure for navigating to the Parameters for Power Control III of Cell table is as follows: On the
Main View tab, right-click a cell, and choose Cell Configuration Express from the shortcut menu. On
the Properties tab, click Parameters for Power Control III of Cell. The Parameters for Power Control
III of Cell table is displayed in the right pane.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
VAMOS Configuration Procedure
Step 4: Set VAMOS Switch to On in the VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell
table.
The procedure for navigating to the VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell table is as follows:
On the Main View tab, right-click a cell, and choose Cell Configuration Express from the shortcut menu.
On the Properties tab, click VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell. The VAMOS Channel
Multiplex Parameters of Cell table is displayed in the right pane.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
VAMOS Configuration Procedure
Step 5: Set Allow alpha QPSK Power Control to On and Allow SIC Power Control to
On in the Power Control Parameters for VAMOS Call of Cell table.
The procedure for navigating to the Power Control Parameters for VAMOS Call of Cell table is as
follows: On the Main View tab, right-click a cell, and choose Cell Configuration Express from the
shortcut menu. On the Properties tab, click Power Control Parameters for VAMOS Call of Cell. The
Power Control Parameters for VAMOS Call of Cell table is displayed in the right pane.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
Setting Mute SAIC Identification (Optional)
Step 6: Set Mute SAIC Terminal Processing Switch to On and Auto Mute SAIC
Identification Switch to On in the VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell table.
The procedure for navigating to the VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell table is as follows:
On the Main View tab, right-click a cell, and choose Cell Configuration Express from the shortcut menu.
On the Properties tab, click VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell. The VAMOS Channel
Multiplex Parameters of Cell table is displayed in the right pane.
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Configuration Procedure on the CME
Setting Faulty Terminal Detection (Optional)
Step 7: Set Problem SAIC Terminal Identify Switch to On and Problem SAIC TRMNL
Identify Manual Start to On in the VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell table.
The procedure for navigating to the VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell table is as follows:
On the Main View tab, right-click a cell, and choose Cell Configuration Express from the shortcut menu.
On the Properties tab, click VAMOS Channel Multiplex Parameters of Cell. The VAMOS Channel
Multiplex Parameters of Cell table is displayed in the right pane.
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Verification Procedure
VAMOS verification procedure
Step 1: Assume that VAMOS is enabled for a cell and two MSs
supporting VAMOS are used in the cell to initiate calls,
configure parameters so that the two calls occupy half-rate
channels.
Step 2: Run SET FHO to forcibly multiplex one half-rate call on
the other channel.
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Description of Key Parameters (1)
Parameter Name Parameter Description Impact on the Network
VAMOS Switch Specifies whether to enable VAMOS on
the network.
VAMOS sacrifices quality to
increase capacity. Therefore, if
VAMOS is enabled in a cell, the
network capacity increases and
the congestion rate decreases,
but the network-quality KPIs are
affected to a certain extent.
Primary TSC in VAMOS Specifies the primary TSC used on the
network when VAMOS is enabled in a
cell. Before any call enters the VAMOS
mode, the primary TSC is allocated
preferentially. After VAMOS pairing
succeeds, the primary and secondary
TSCs are determined based on the TSC
that is used by the first call connected to
the timeslot.
TSC selection affects MSs.
Secondary TSC in
VAMOS
Specifies the secondary TSC used on
the network when VAMOS is enabled in
a cell. Before any call enters the VAMOS
mode, the primary TSC is allocated
preferentially. After VAMOS pairing
succeeds, the primary and secondary
TSCs are determined based on the TSC
that is used by the first call connected to
the timeslot.
TSC selection affects MSs.

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Description of Key Parameters (2)
Parameter Name Parameter Description Impact on the Network
Allow alpha-QPSK Power
Control
Specifies whether to enable the alpha-QPSK
power control sub-algorithm of the VAMOS
technology (one timeslot multiplexed by
voice services of multiple users).
If the alpha-QPSK downlink power
control algorithm is enabled, the BTS
power consumption decreases, the
network interference decreases, and the
downlink network drive test (DT) quality
is improved.
Allow SIC Power Control Specifies whether to enable the uplink SIC
power control sub-algorithm of the VAMOS
technology.
If the SIC uplink power control algorithm
is enabled, the MS power consumption
decreases, the network interference
decreases, and the uplink network DT
quality is improved.
Mute SAIC Terminal
Processing Switch
Specifies whether to enable the mute-SAIC
MS processing function of a cell. ON: enable
the mute-SAIC MS processing function; Off:
disable the mute-SAIC MS processing
function. Mute-SAIC MS processing includes
mute-SAIC matching and identification
based on the database and automatic mute-
SAIC identification.
If this switch is on, IMEI identification is
performed for a call before TCH
assignment. As a result, call connection
is delayed.
Auto Mute SAIC
Identification Switch
Specifies whether to enable the automatic
mute-SAIC identification function of a cell.
Mute-SAIC MS: An MS that supports SAIC
but is reported as incapable of SAIC. ON:
enable the automatic mute-SAIC
identification function of a cell; Off: disable
the automatic mute-SAIC identification
function of a cell.
If this switch is on, uplink and downlink
DTX must be disabled during mute-
SAIC identification, and this influences
the network interference. Alpha-QPSK
modulation is used in the downlink, and
the downlink receiving quality is
degraded in a call.
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Description of Performance
Measurement Counters
Counter Name Short Name Counter Description Remarks
Number of
Successful VAMOS
Candidate Call
Decisions
(Assignment)
A3100J This counter measures the total number of new calls that
meet the VAMOS candidate user conditions during
assigned channel multiplexing determination. If the value
of this counter is low, it indicates that the SD channel
quality is low or the number of new calls that meet the
VAMOS candidate user conditions is small because the
VAMOS candidate user conditions set for new calls are
strict (excessively higher requirements for quality and
ATCB).
Number of VAMOS
Channel Multiplexing
Attempts (Assignment)
A3100L
This counter measures the total number of times that a new
call during assignment and an established call can be
paired (the paring is determined in assignment mode) in a
cell. It is used to calculate the assigned channel
multiplexing success rate and the ratio of the number of
assigned channel multiplexing attempts to the total number
of channel multiplexing attempts. If the value of this counter
is far smaller than the value of Number of Successful
VAMOS Candidate Call Decisions (Assignment)
, you can loosen the path loss offset threshold and VAMOS
overload threshold involved in assigned channel
multiplexing determination to allow more users to be paired.
Number of VAMOS
Channel Multiplexing
Commands
(Assignment)
A3100M
This counter measures the total number of VAMOS channel
assignment commands for VAMOS channel multiplexing
(VAMOS channel multiplexing is triggered by assignment) in
a cell. If the value of this counter is far smaller than the
value of Number of VAMOS Channel Multiplexing Attempts
(Assignment), it indicates that lower-layer connection fails
or the Abis interface resources are insufficient.
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Description of Traffic Measurement
Counters
Counter Name Short Name Counter Description Remarks

Number of Failed
VAMOS Channel
Multiplexing Attempts
(Assignment)
A3100N
This counter measures the number of times that access to the
specified VAMOS channel fails after the VAMOS channel
assignment command is delivered after VAMOS channel
multiplexing is triggered by assignment in a cell. This counter
reflects the air interface quality during user access. If the value
of this counter is large, it indicates that the VAMOS candidate
user selected for pairing is improper. You can set strict
multiplexing candidate user determination conditions for new
calls to guarantee the performance during VAMOS channel
access by users.
Number of Successful
VAMOS Candidate Call
Decisions (Intra-Cell
Handover)
H3050
This counter measures the total number of established calls
that meet the VAMOS candidate user conditions. If the value
of this counter is low, it indicates that the quality of the channel
for non-VAMOS calls is low or the VAMOS candidate user
conditions set for established calls are strict (excessively
higher requirements for quality and ATCB). You can adjust the
power control parameters or loosen the VAMOS candidate
user conditions for new calls to allow more established
VAMOS candidate users.
Number of VAMOS
Channel Multiplexing
Attempts (Intra-Cell
Handover)
H3051
This counter measures the total number of times that two
established calls can be paired (the pairing is determined in
intra-cell handover mode) in a cell. It is used to calculate the
success rate of VAMOS channel multiplexing handovers. If the
value of this counter is small, it indicates that the number of
non-VAMOS that can be paired on the network is small. You
can adjust the power control parameters for common calls to
improve the common call quality or loosen the VAMOS
multiplexing determination conditions for established calls to
increase the number of VAMOS candidate users on the
network; in addition, you can loosen the path loss threshold
during intra-cell channel multiplexing determination to allow
more users to be paired.
Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page38
Description of Traffic Measurement
Counters
Counter Name Short Name Counter Description Remarks
Number of VAMOS
Channel Multiplexing
Commands (Intra-Cell
Handover)
H3052
This counter measures the number of handover
commands of all the calls that are handed over due to
VAMOS channel multiplexing triggered by intra-cell
handover in a cell. If the value of this counter is far
smaller than the value of Number of VAMOS Channel
Multiplexing Commands (Intra-Cell Handover), it
indicates that lower-layer connection fails or the Abis
interface resources are insufficient.
Number of VAMOS
Channel Multiplexing
Commands (Intra-Cell
Handover)
H3053
This counter measures the number of times that access
the specified VAMOS channel fails after the handover
commands are delivered (the commands correspond to
all the calls that are handed over due to VAMOS
channel multiplexing triggered by intra-cell handover) in
a cell. This counter reflects the air interface quality
during user access. If the value of this counter is large, it
indicates that the VAMOS candidate user selected for
pairing is improper. You can set strict multiplexing
candidate user determination conditions for new calls to
guarantee the performance during user handover.
Number of VAMOS Call
Handover Attempts
(Others)
H3054
This counter measures the total number of handovers
that trigger VAMOS channel demultiplexing in a cell. If
the value of this counter is large, it indicates that
VAMOS demultiplexing is triggered frequently because
the VAMOS call power control parameters are improper
or the demultiplexing conditions are strict (high load
threshold, low quality threshold, and high ATCB
threshold).
Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page39
Description of Traffic Measurement
Counters
Counter Name Short Name Counter Description Remarks
Number of VAMOS Call
Handover Attempts
(Others)
H3058
This counter measures the total number of handovers
initiated for VAMOS calls due to other reasons in a cell. All
the handovers except for VAMOS demultiplexing
handovers are included. If the value of this counter is large,
modify the handover (of other types) determination
parameters to decrease handovers of other types.
Number of VAMOS Call
Handover Commands
(Others)
H3059
This counter measures the number of handover commands
of all the VAMOS calls that are handed over due to other
reasons in a cell. All the handovers except for VAMOS
demultiplexing handovers are included. If the value of this
counter is far smaller than the value of Number of VAMOS
Call Handover Attempts (Others), it indicates that
congestion occurs, lower-layer connection fails, or Abis
transmission resource allocation fails.
Number of Failed
VAMOS Call Handover
Attempts (Others)
H3060
This counter measures the number of failed handovers
after handover commands are delivered (the handover
commands correspond to all the VAMOS calls that are
handed over due to other reasons) in a cell. This counter
reflects the air interface quality during user access. If the
value of this counter is large, it indicates that the channel
allocated to the selected demultiplexing user is improper.
Optimize the channel allocation parameters.
Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page40
Description of Traffic Measurement
Counters
Counter Name Short Name Counter Description Remarks
Number of VAMOS Call
Drops (Demultiplexing
Handover)
H3061
This counter measures the number of VAMOS call
drops caused by handovers that are triggered by
VAMOS demultiplexing in a cell. If the value of this
counter is large, it indicates that the quality of the
channel newly allocated to the user is low or calls are
dropped before handovers because VAMOS
demultiplexing is not performed in time. If VAMOS
demultiplexing is not performed in time, you can adjust
the demultiplexing parameters so that demultiplexing is
triggered earlier.
Number of VAMOS Call
Drops (Other
Handover)
H3062
This counter measures the number of VAMOS call
drops caused by the handovers except for the
handovers that are triggered by VAMOS demultiplexing
in a cell. If the value of this counter is large, it indicates
that the quality of the channel newly allocated to the
user is low or calls are dropped before handovers
because handover is not performed in time due to other
reasons. If handover is not performed in time due to
other reasons, you can adjust the handover algorithm
parameters so that handover is triggered earlier.
Number of VAMOS Call
Drops (Stable State)
H3063
This counter measures the number of VAMOS call
drops in the stable state in a cell. If the value of this
counter is large, it indicates that the call quality is low
after the user enters the VAMOS stable state. You can
adjust the VAMOS power control parameters to improve
VAMOS call quality and prevent call drops.
Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page41
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Acronym or Abbreviation Full Spelling
VAMOS Voice Service over Adaptive Multi-user
channels on One Slot
GERAN GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network
MUROS Multi-User Reusing-One-Slot
SAIC Single Antenna Interference Cancellation
SIC Successive Interference Cancellation
IRC Interference Rejection Combing
OSC Orthogonal Sub Channel
CS Circuit Switch
Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page42
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Acronym or Abbreviation Full Spelling
TSC Training Sequence Code
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