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Department of Environment and Natural Resources Mines and Geosciences Bureau

Geohazard Mapping and Assessment Programme

 
NDCC December 2, 2009

Outline
 Overview of Natural Hazards in the

Philippines  Mines and Geosciences Bureau – DENR
Geohazard Mapping Programme and Assessment

 Major Issues and Concerns

Overview of Natural Hazards in the Philippines
The geographic and geologic setting of the Philippines (part of Pacific Ring of Fire and Earthquake Belt) \make it prone to various hazards, including: •typhoon/rain-related •volcano-related •earthquake-related •tsunami

Why are we hazard-prone?
Didicas Didicas

Numerous active Faults and Trenches Numerous volcanic belts and active volcanoes Generally mountainous terrane and steep slopes Numerous typhoons and extended rainy seasons/periods Strong and shifting wave currents
Ea Lu st Tro z on ug h

Manila Trench

Pinatubo Pinatubo

Ph i lipp ine Taal Taal Fau lt
os os grr c eg ch N en Ne rren T T

Mayon Mayon
Bulusan Bulusan

Kanlaon Kanlaon

Ph ilip pin eT ren ch

nch Tr e u Sul

C o Tr tab en at ch o

Parker Parker

Exacerbated by…. Silted rivers and, in urban areas, clogged waterways Deforested and denuded forests POOR SITE SELECTION OF SETTLEMENT SITES!

Philippines: Along the Typhoon Belt

• ~ 20 tropical cyclones per year enter Philippine Area of Responsibility • ~ 9 cross the country per year • heavy rains related to many weather systems – ex. typhoon, moonsoon, coldfront

Why are we hazardGen. Nakar & Real, Quezon prone? Baguio City, 1990

St. Bernard, So. Leyte

Mt. Pinatubo, 1991

Geohazard Mapping and Assessment Programme
The Geohazard Mapping and Assessment Program is an on-going priority undertaking of the Department of Environment & Natural Resources (DENR) being implemented by the Mines & Geosciences Bureau (MGB). Its main objective is to identify areas in the country that are susceptible or vulnerable to various geologic hazards (GEOHAZARDS), and increase public awareness in order to lessen or mitigate the negative impacts of these events.

Components of the program

1) Remote Sensing analysis

3) Data integration and processing (GIS)

5) Information Dissemination

2) Field mapping and assessment

4) Geohazard Map Production

Data processing and integration (GIS platform): An example

GEOHAZARDS MAP

=
Topographic Map

+ +

Vegetation map Drainage map Geomorphic map

+

+ +

Slope map Geologic map

HIGH SUSCEPTIBILITY - Presence of active/recent landslides - Large tension cracks that would affect the community - Areas w/ drainages that are prone to landslide damming - Steep slopes (21-55% gradient) POSSIBLE ACCUMULATION ZONE MODERATE SUSCEPTIBILITY •Areas with inactive & old landslides •Small tension cracks are located away from the community •moderately steep slopes (15-30%) •Small, shallow landslides (< 1.0 m vertical displacement) LOW SUSCEPTIBILITY • gently sloping to sloping (5-15%) terrain • absence of tension cracks. areas likely to be affected by transported landslide materials

WHERE ARE WE NOW?

Geohazards mapping and assessment of some 1,348 municipalities out of 1,618 total or 82% of the country Coastal hazards mapping has covered roughly 2,385 line kilometers of coastal areas
– The priority provinces of the eastern seaboard and other critical areas completed include Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur, Aurora, So. Leyte, Rizal, Cavite, Quezon, Ilocos Norte, Leyte, Isabela, Cagayan, Davao Del Sur, Compostela Valley, Ilocos Sur, and the Bicol Provinces

DENR-MGB GEOHAZARD MAPPING STATUS OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS
2009

Year

Pre2006

2010
End of June

2006

2007

2008

As of June

End of Dec

Target

-

450

250

250

250

132

Accomplishment

275 275

486 696

291 987

249 1,236

112 1,348

(138)
1,486

(132)

Total

1,618

Percentage of Total Country

16.8%

42.5%

60.4%

75.6%

82.4%

90.9%

100%

STATUS OF GEOHAZARD MAPS PRODUCTION

Total Quadrangles 970

86% geohazard maps produced in digital and hardcopy printouts

WHAT WE ARE DOING NOW

ONGOING ACTIVITIES

On-going geohazards mapping and assessment in various areas of the country –Presently carrying out the geohazards assessment of Bukidnon, Misamiz Oriental and Lanao del Norte –Assessment work of areas identified as possible relocation sites for people affected by recent natural hazards and other critical areas that may be affected in the future.

MAKING PEOPLE EQUIPPED THRU IEC

WHAT WE ARE DOING NOW
Active information and education campaigns (IEC)
– Provision of advisories to concerned LGUs previously identified as under threat (1,100 municipalities, 12,212 barangays) – Distribution of IEC materials (12,450 posters, 6,200 VCDs, 8,230 pamphlets and 7,235 maps) –Scheduled to carry out the Seminar –Workshop on Geohazards in Ilocos Sur province for all municipalities by August

BEYOND MAPPING: GETTING PEOPLE INVOLVED
Direct advisories and critical data on the physical condition of the barangays covered by the mapping and assessment are provided to the local residents and officials to raise their awareness of the situation in their locality.

MAJOR ISSUES AND CONCERNS
A) Continuing Loss of competent technical personnel (about 98 geologists)

Delay in the completion of critical components of the program particularly the field mapping and assessment and final map preparation and IEC Diminishing capacity to sustain assistance to LGUs affected by disasters and those requiring technical assistance Critical peace and order conditions (Samar, Abra, ARMM Provinces) Inaccesibility and difficult terrain (Kalinga-Apayao)

B) Lack of access to some areas due to:
 

PROPOSED COURSE OF ACTION TO ADDRESS MAJOR ISSUES

Request DBM and the Office of the President to allow the filling up of vacant positions at the MGB. Only 35 out of 110 technical positions were approved for filling up during the last request for authority. • Hiring and training of contractual personnel to speed up map digitization and data processing. • Increase coordination between implementers, LGUs, and the military in accessing critical areas.

MABUHAY!
www.mgb.gov.ph
MGB Compound, North Ave., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines Tel +63 -2 9288642 Fax +63-2 9209120