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How bytes become words…

We learned that…

Bits = 1(on) and 0 (0ff)
This is how the computer would store the binary number 1011

on

off

on

on

Bytes= 8 bits value of 0-255 ex. 0000 1111= 1 byte

ASCII TABLE

WORDS =???
Sample: H e 72 101

l l 108 108

o 111

! = Human 33= Decimal (ASCII)

The Computer reads HELLO H e l l o ! as:
01001000 00100001 01100101 01101100 01101100 01101111

Information
Accuracy Example: Wikipedia
    

Complete Economical: ex. Well Designed Forms Flexible: ex. Can be translated, used by other dept. Reliable

Cont.
     

Relevant Simple Timely Verifiable Accessible Secure

Information Systems (I.S.)

I.S. is a set of interrelated components work together to collect, retrieve, process, store and disseminate information for the purpose of facilitating planning , control , analysis, coordination and decision making in business and other organizations . Information system is not just computers or electronic devices. IT alone is not an information system. To understand fully an IS a manager must fully understand the dimensions of IS. Dimension of Information System:

 

Organization It is a social arrangement which pursues collective goals, which control its own performance and which has a boundary separating it from its environment. A stable, formal social structure that takes resources from the environment and processes to produce outputs. Organization needs IS to perform their business or organizational processes.

Key Elements of an Organization  People. Human resources  Structure. Arrangement of the organization.  Business. Type of transaction or interest of the organization.  Process. Practices and means to perform task.  Politic. Relationship of authority within the organization  Culture. Way of life, philosophy of the organization

 

Management. Aside from IS being used by managers to manage what already exist a substantial part of management responsibility is creative work driven by new knowledge and information. IS can play a powerful role in redirecting and redesigning the organization. IS function and needs may vary according to the different levels of Management.

Technology. Information technology is one of the many tools manager use to plan, monitor and implement the activities within the organization. It is also used to cope with changes in the global community.

Technology components of an IS are: 1. Hardware: Physical equipment 2. Software: Detailed preprogrammed instructions 3. Storage: Physical media for storing software and data 4. Communications: Transfers data from one physical location to another 5. Networks: Links computers to share data or resources

Positive Impacts of Information Systems  Faster calculations and paperwork  Analysis of customer purchase patterns and preferences  More efficient business services  Medical advances  Instant global distribution of information

Negative Impacts of Information Systems
    

Automation leading to job elimination Privacy concerns System outages and shutdowns Health problems, repetitive stress injury Illegal distribution of intellectual property