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Parts of a Science

Investigatory
Project
George Michael Rayala
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
Doing an investigatory project is considered
as a major achievement of any students in
Science. Through scientific investigation, they
learn how to apply the acquired
knowledge, scientific concepts, theories,
principles and laws of nature. They can use
their higher-order process or thinking skills in
conducting a research. Let us provide you a
brief description of the parts of the Science
Investigatory Project Report
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Title should be clear and
precise. It has an objective or
purpose. It should not be written
too long or too short. By just
reading the title, you can determine
what the investigative study is all
about.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Abstract should be one or two paragraphs only. It
includes your research problems, the method or procedure
that you used and the findings or conclusion of the study.
Is a (maximum) 250-word, one-page abstract. An abstract
includes the a) purpose of the experiment, b) procedures
used, c) data and d) conclusions. It also includes any
possible research applications. The abstract should focus
on work done since the last fair.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
I
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
1. Introduction and Its
Background
The Introduction is about one page
only wherein it includes the
background of the study and its
rationale. It usually leads into the
research problem.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Statement of the Problem has two categories namely: the general problem
and specific problems. Usually, one general problem and three specific problems
which derived from the general problem. The research problems should be
specific, reliable, valid, measurable, objectively stated. It can be a question
form or in a declarative statement.
the nature & scope of the problem should be presented with clarity. Two types of
objectives may stated:
General Objective - this is related to the problem as given in the early part
of the section
Specific Objective - this states the purpose of each experiment conducted.

Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
3. Formulation of the
Hypothesis
The Formulation of the Hypothesis has
two types namely: the null hypothesis
and affirmative
hypothesis. Hypotheses is a scientific
guess which intends subject for
thorough investigation. It is
recommended to use null hypothesis in
your research project.

Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Significant of the Study
indicates how important is your
investigatory project for the people,
environment and community as a
whole. It is really relevant in the
changing world or global impact into
the field of technology.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Scope and Delimitation of the Study
covers the range of your research. It
includes the period of research, the
materials and equipment to be used, the
subject of the study or the sample of
the study, the procedure and the
statistical treatment to be used.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Definition of Terms has two
types: the Dictionary-derived
definitions and the Operational
definitions which derived from
how these terms were used in
your research.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
II
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
Review of Related Literature
and Studies
Related Literature
The Related Literature are statements taken from science books, journals,
magazines, newspapers and any documents from authorized scientists, Science
experts or well-known Science agencies. These statements can support your
study through their concepts, theories, principles and laws. Footnoting is
important on this part.
Related Studies
The Related Studies are those researches which may be local and foreign studies
who can attribute to your research or can support your investigation
scientifically. Footnoting is also important on this part.

Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
III
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

Has several parts namely: the subject of the study,
the procedure and the statistical treatment.

Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Subject of the Study includes your
population and the sample. It applies
the sampling techniques to obtain a
good sample of the study. Your sample
should be valid and reliable.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Procedure is the step by step and systematic
process of doing your research. It includes the
materials with right amount of measurements, the
appropriate equipment to be used in doing the
scientific investigation. It consists of several trials
with control variables, independent variables and
dependent variables. Gathering of data is essential
in any kind of research. It is recommended to use
control and experimental set-ups to arrive at valid
conclusion.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Statistical Treatment comes in various
ways. It can be mean, median, mode,
percentage, Chi-square, standard
deviation, T-test, Pearson r, Spearman rank
or Anova I or Anova II. It is recommended to
use T-test in any experimental research.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
IV
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The data gathered should be presented in order to be
analyze. It may be presented in two forms namely: through
table or graph. You may use both of them if you want to
clearly figure out your data. A table has labels with quantity,
description and units of measurement. Graph has several
types namely the line graph, bar graph, pie graph and
pictograph. Choose what type of graph that you prefer to
use. Analyze the data that had been gathered, presented in
table or graph scientifically. You interpret the data
according to what had been quantified and measured. The
numerical data should be interpreted clearly in simple and
descriptive statements.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

Results show the findings or
outcomes of your investigation. The
result must be based according to
the interpreted data.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
V
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Summary briefly summarizes
your research from Chapter I to
Chapter IV which includes the
research problems, methodology
and findings. It consists of one or
two paragraphs only.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Conclusion is the direct statement based
on findings or results. It should answer your
hypothesis and research problems.
The general truth implied or illustrated by
the results should be clearly stated. The
evidence based on the results should be
summarized for each statement.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

The Recommendation is given based on your
conclusion. You may give few recommendations
which you think can help the fellow Science
students, researchers, consumers or the entire
community where people live in.
Consists of suggestions on future actions such as a
new direction of research or further experiments to
be performed, practices that might be adapted or
discard in order to attain certain goals or
objectives.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

a list of the references used
in guiding the research work
and writing and paper.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project

Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
You want to attract and inform.
Make it easy for interested
spectators and judges to assess
your study and the results you
have obtained. Make the most of
your space using clear and concise
display.
Parts of a Science Investigatory Project
(Source: Department of Science and Technology)