BOTTLE GOURD

Scientific Classification
 Kingdom:

Division:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:

Plantae
Magnoliophyta
Magnoliopsida
Cucurbitales
Cucurbitaceae
Lagenaria
siceraria

Binomial name: Lagenaria siceraria
(Molina) Standl.

Different types of bottle gourds

CRAFTS OF BOTTLE
GOURDS

INTRODUCTION
 Bottle

gourd is grown for immature fruits for
culinary purposes.

 It

is also useful for preparation of sweets.

 Hard

shells are used as utensils, floats for
fishing nets and in preparation
of some musical instruments.

 It

is cultivated commercially in the
Indo Gangetic plains of north India as
summer crop.

 In

India it is cultivated in U.P,
PUNJAB, GUJARAT, ASSAM,
MEGHALAYA and RAJASTHAN.

The oil extracted from
kernels of seed - a fine
cooking medium ,
It is also used as hair
oil.

CLIMATE AND SOIL
 Bottle

gourd can be grown on all types of
soils if these are not too much acidic pH
<5.5 or saline and alkaline.

 Loam
 The

or sandy loam soil is most suitable.

soil should be rich in organic matter
and with good drainage.

 Salinity

and alkalinity adversely affect
the crop.

 Night

and day temperature of 18 C to
22 C and 30 C to 35 C respectively is
optimum for its proper growth and
high fruit set.

 The

day temperature above 40 C
may cause scorching of leaves.

 Temperature

lower than 10 C
reduces metabolic activity of seeds
for germination.

 The

seed germination is fast at 25 C to 30 C

 The

crop grown at optimum temperature
has high proportion of female flowers and
fruits per plant.

 Higher

temperature induces emergence of
male flowers and wide sex ratio.

VARIETIES
 Important

varieties recommened for
commercial cultivation are:

 ARKA

BAHAR :The fruits are straight
,not crook necked ,medium
sized,weighing about 1 Kg each at
edible stage,skin light green. yields
high in mild climate.

 KALYANPUR

HARI LAMBI:

It is recommended for planting in both
summer and rainy seasons.
Fruits are long and slightly dark green in
colour.
The fruit yield is about 25 tonnes per
hectare.

NDBG 1 :
 Fruits

are uniform light green,long,slightly
thinner and curved near pedicel end.

It is recommended for spring-summer
crop for upland and river basins,
Yield is about 25 tonnes per hectare.

NDBG 4
A

promising hybrid, it produces first
edible fruits within 55 days.

 Fruits

are near cylindrical long and
attractive,

 Average

yield being 30-35tonnes/ha.

PBOG 1 :
A

promising hybrid

 it

is quite suited for northern plains.

Phule BTG 1
Recommended for cultivation in
Maharashtra.
 The fruits are long, bottle shaped,
uniform and green.
 Average length of edible fruit is about 3040 cm.
 It produces comparatively more female
flowers from basal nodes and it gives
early yield.

PUNJAB KOMAL

It produces early, oblong fruits.
 On an average each plant produces
10-12 fruits, weighing 600 gm each.
 Duration from fruit set to edible fruit
is shortest in this variety.
 The fruits become ready for picking
70 days after sowing.
 Female flowers appear on 4-5th node
onwards.
 It has tolerance to cucumber mosaic
virus.

PUNJAB LONG :
 The

fruits are long, tender, light
green and attractive,
 yield being 20 tonnes/ha.

PUNJAB ROUND

Plants are vigorous and prolific-bearer.

 The

fruits are spherical , tender and shining.

 Recommended

for cultivation in Punjab.

 PUSA

MANJARI : A high yielding
hybrid,its fruits are
round,green,tender and
attractive.Recommended for spring
sowing.
.

PUSA MEGHDUT

A

high yielding hybrid ,
comparatively gives early yield and
suitable for both spring and summer.

 Fruits

are long, light green, tender
and attractive

SAMRAT

PUSA NAVEEN
:

Fruits are straight cylindrical and
free from crook neck.

 Edible

fruit length is 30cm and
weighs about 850gm.

PUSA SUMMER PROLIFIC
LONG :
 Fruits

are long,uniform,light
green,neck generally bent.

 Edible

fruit yield is about
30tonnes/ha.

PUSA SUMMER PROLIFIC
ROUND

.

Grows vigorously and is a prolific
bearer.
Fruits are round,15-18cm in girth.

RAJENDERA
CHAMATKAR

 Fruits

are long(50-60cm),uniform
green and bottle shaped

 The

yield is 20-25tonnes/ha

Spoon bottle gourd & Bird
house gourd

CHINESE BOTTLE GOURD &
GHOST BOTTLE GOURD

JAPANESE ROUND & HYBRID
GREEN BELL

MED-LONG & MINI- BOTTLE
GOURD

HYBRID INDIA LONG & GREEN
STAR

HYBRID EXTRA LONG& HYBRID
ASIA SHORT

HYBRID LATTO & HYBRID- INDIA
GLOBE

FIELD PREPARATION
 The

land is ploughed with disc
harrow followed by 3 cross
ploughings with cultivator and FYM is
added during ploughing.
 After levelling the field,40-50cm wide
channels are made at a distance of
2-2.5m for irrigation.

SOWING
 Generally

brownish or whitish seeds
germinate well.Bottle gourd seeds
germinate poorly for about 2-3
months.Water soaked seeds for 24-48
hrs germinate quickly.
 About 3-4kg seed is enough for
hectare and seeds should be sown
with a distance of 1-1.5m between
each other.

BOTTLE GOURD SEEDS

SEEDLING

Field View

MANURING AND FERTILISATION
 Application

of manures and fertilizers
depends upon the soil status.

 During

field preparation FYM is added
@ 30 tonnes/ha.

 Total

P&K and half of N can be
applied basally 8-10cm away from
the seeds.

 Optimum

fertilizer combination is
needed for proper growth of plant and
good fruiting.
 N deficiency causes yellowing of vine
& foliage & checks the vegetative
growth whereas excess dose
promotes excess biomass
accumulation which reduces fruiting
and also produces more number of
male flowers which is undesirable.

K deficiency

Reduces plant height,

Increases flower drop

Checks fruit yield.

TRAINING
 Vines

of spring-summer crop are allowed
to spread between the channels/rows.
 The vines of rainy season crop are trained
to spread on bower made from thin
coconut rope/wire &bamboo sticks.
 Training prevents fruit from rotting &
allows the vines & foliage better exposure
to air & light and increases marketable
fruit yield.

INTERCULTURE
 Weeding

& Hoeing should be done
along & between the rows.
 Application of N & earthing-up should
be done before emergence of
tendrils.
 Tall grass growing above the foliage
should be pulled up.

BOTTLE GOURD AMONG THE
WEEDS

IRRIGATION
 In

February-March sown crop, 1st irrigation
is given 2-3 days after sowing.
 In north Indian plains during April-June, the
crop should be irrigated at 4-5 days
intervals.
 Care should be taken that irrigation water
does not overflow the channels at least in
the 1st four irrigations,this prevents
emergence of weeds between the
channels.

HARVESTING &POST -HARVEST
MANAGEMENT
 Bottle

gourd may be harvested 55-75
days after sowing.
 The bottle gourds are edible mature,if
the fruit skin colour facing to sunlight is
as green as one week old fruits.
 The fruits should be harvested within 3
days of the shedding of the small hairs
present on the skin.

 At

the stage,the seed inside the pulp
is as soft as pulp of the fruit & rind of
the fruit is very tender.
 After this stage ,the colour of the
fruit skin starts becoming white,fruit
rind hardens and seed coat also
becomes hard and unfit for eating.

 While

or after harvesting, there should not
be no scratch or bruising on the skin of the
fruit which make it blackish & lower down
the market value.
 Insertion of some soft material,paper,soft
grass or any packing material may be done
between the fruits.
 The harvested fruits should be sprinkled
with water after every 4-5 hr or put in cold
store during pre-market period.

 The

fruits are allowed to ripen fully
and even dry.For this,it is better to
raise seed crop during summer
instead of rainy season.
 Because of thick seed coat, the
seeds do not dry in humid rainy
season.

CARVED GOURDS

DECORATIVE GOURDS

GAINT BOTTLE GOURD

MINI BOTTLE GOURDS

Mamatha.N

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