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The Periodic Table

Clicker Review
• The usefulness of Mendeleev’s periodic
table was confirmed by
– A. The discovery of subatomic particles
– B. its immediate acceptance by other
scientists
– C. the discovery of elements with predicted
properties
– D. The discovery of the nucleus
• Moving from left to right across a row the
periodic table, which of the following
values increase by exactly one from
element to element?
– A. isotope number
– B. atomic number
– C. atomic mass
– D. atomic mass unit
• Which list of elements contains only
metals?
– A. carbon, iodine, tin
– B. tin copper, cesium
– C. Helium, iron, copper
– D. iodine, carbon, argon
• Which statement does NOT apply to
metals
– A. most metals are ductile
– B. most metals are malleable
– C. most metals are brittle
– D. most metals are good conductors of heat
and electricity
• The tendency of an element to react is
closely related to
– A. its atomic mass
– B. attractions between its atoms
– C. the number of valence electrons
– D. the ratio of protons to neutrons
• As you move from left to right across a
period, the number of valence electrons
– A. increases
– B. stays the same
– C. increases and then decreases
– D. decreases
• Which statement is NOT true about the
elements flourine, chlorine, and iodine?
– A. they are all halogens
– B. they react easily with metals
– C. they are similar to noble glases.
– D. They are all nonmetals.
• Which of the following Group 1A elements
is the most reactive?
– A. Cs
– B. Li
– C. K
– D. Na
• Among the alkali metals, the tendency to
react with other substances
– A. does not vary among the members
– B. increases from top to bottom
– C. varies in an unpredictable way
– D. decreases from top to bottom
• Which of the following gases emit colors
when an electric current is applied?
– A. Hydrogen and helium
– B. Argon and Krypton
– C. Flourine and Chlorine
– D. oxygen and nitrogen
• To keep them from reacting, some highly
reactive elements are stored in
– A. water
– B. pure oxygen
– C. liquid mercury
– D. argon gas
• Two highly reactive elements in Period 2
are the metal lithium and the
– A. metalloid arsenic
– B. nonmetal selenium
– C. nonmetal fluorine
– D. nonmetal krypton
• Which element is found in nature only in
compounds?
– A. sodium
– B. oxygen
– C. helium
– D. nitrogen
• The atomic mass of an element is
– A. the sum of the protons and neutrons in one
atom of the element
– B. twice the number of protons in one atom of
the element
– C. a ratio based on the mass of a carbon-12
atom
– D. a weighted average of the masses of an
element’s isotope.
• Which element is found in most of the
compounds in your body except for water?
– A. iodine
– B. potassium
– C. iron
– D. carbon
• Mendeleev arranged the known chemical
elements in a table according to
increasing
– A. atomic number
– B. number of electrons
– C. number of protons
– D. mass
• In a periodic table, a set of properties
repeats from
– A. element to element
– B. group to group
– C. column to column
– D. row to row
• Describe the similarities and differences
between group 1A and 2A.
• Circle and identify the areas of the periodic
table that are most reactive and least reactive.
• How are Potassium (K) and Argon (A)
different from each other? What is this
difference due too?
• What group of elements would you use to
surround an alkali metal to prevent it from
violently reacting?
• What happens when you move across a
period?
• What happens as you move down a
group?
• Table salt is Sodium Chloride (NaCl).
Which element is the alkali metal and
which element is the halogen.
• How did Mendeleev organize the elements
in the periodic table?
Use and arrow and point to the:
Symbol:
Element name:
Atomic Number:
Atomic Mass:
• Circle and label a period and a group