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Original Title: Kinematics One Dimension Part 1

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constant velocity

situations.

Understand and describe

accelerated motion

situations.

Use kinematics equations

to solve motion problems.

By completing this course, you will:

Kinematics in 1-D Concept Map

Physics

Motion

Studies

Previous content

New content

08 : 3/32

Kinematic

Equations

Described by

Constant

Velocity

Constant

Acceleration

Math Skills

Utilizes

Motion

Almost everything we witness in our everyday

lives involves motion:

Definition

Kinematics the mathematical description of

motion without any reference to the cause. The

cause of this motion will be described later.

Vector Preview

Although vectors will be fully explained in a later

tutorial, a brief introduction is needed here:

A vector is a

quantity that

has magnitude,

size, and

direction.

A scalar is a

quantity that has

only magnitude,

size.

Ex: Velocity,

displacement,

acceleration

Ex: speed,

distance,

temperature,

mass

Similarities:

Velocity and speed are similar terms. They are

often used interchangeably. However, there is a

slight difference:

Speed

Scalar

Velocity includes a direction with magnitude,

and speed is only a magnitude.

Velocity

Vector

Vector Question

A car is traveling at a constant 60mi/hr in a circular

path.

Does it have a constant speed?

Yes

Does it have a constant velocity?

No, because it is constantly changing direction.

That is part of what velocity describes.

Constant Velocity

Imagine that a toy train is moving along the tracks

at a constant and steady rate. There is no

slowing or speeding in its motion.

This motion represents a constant velocity.

Velocity Formula:

The velocity of this train can be found with:

t

d

v

Velocity, m/s

Time elapsed,

sec

Distance

covered, m

Typical metric

units are listed,

but others can be

used.

Average Velocity:

Sometimes the previous formula is written as:

total

total

t

d

v

The bar above the v means average. If an

object moves with a constant velocity, the

average velocity is the same value.

If an object changes

its velocity, this

formula may be more

useful.

Illustration not to scale

Constant Velocity Example:

If sun light takes about 8 minutes to go from the sun

to the earth, how far away from the sun is the earth?

Hint: light travels at 186,000 miles per second!

480sec x

sec

mi

186,000 d

If sun light takes about 8 minutes to go from the sun

to the earth, how far away from the sun is the earth?

Hint: light travels at a constant 186,000 miles per

second!

t

d

v

v t d

Rearrange

formula for

desired

variable

480sec

1min

sec 60

minx 8.0

miles x10 89 d

6

Instantaneous Velocity

Instantaneous velocity: The

speed of an object at any

particular instant.

The average speed

and instantaneous

speed may not be the

same!

A car that gradually

speeds up more and

more has an

instantaneous speed

that always changes.

Instantaneous or Average Speed?

If the police monitor your

speed with a radar gun, are

they checking your

instantaneous speed or

your average speed?

Instantaneous speed. They

would be interested in

noticing if you exceed the

speed limit at any point in

time.

Thought Question?

Two bicyclists are initially 20 km apart. They travel

towards each other at 10 km/hr. A bee is buzzing

between them going from one to the other back

and fourth at a constant 30 km/hr. What is the

total distance the bee travels before it gets

crushed as the bicycles meet in the middle?

Solution to Thought Question

This solution can be very easy, or very difficult,

depending on how you go about it.

Easy way: The bicyclists will meet in 1 hours time.

Since the bee is flying for 1 hour at 30 km/hr, it

covers a total distance of 30km.

Assignment

Page 30 Problems # 3,4,5,9

Write work for all problems! Show formulas, math

work, units!

Odd numbered problem have answers in the back

of the book.

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