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Welding Representation

Chapter 22
2
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Objectives
• Describe the various welding processes
• Draw the common welding symbols
• Dimension a welding drawing using
standard ANSI welding notations
3
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Objectives (cont.)
• Identify and draw a fillet weld, groove
weld, back weld, spot weld, seam weld,
projection weld, and flash weld
• Describe the use of welding symbols in
CAD drawings
4
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Processes
• The principal methods of welding are:
• Gas welding
• Arc welding
• Resistance welding
5
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Standard Symbols
• Welding drawings are a special type of
assembly drawing as weldments are
composed of a number of separate
pieces fastened together as a unit
• Joints are all shown as they would
appear before welding
6
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Weldment Drawing
7
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Symbols
• The items that can be specified in a
welding symbol are:
• Type of weld
• Process
• Depth of bevel, size or strength for some
weld types
• Groove weld size
• Finishing designator
• Contour
8
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Symbols
• Cont.
• Groove angle
• Root opening
• Length of weld
• Number and pitch of welds
• Whether the weld is to be field welded
• All around indicator
• Which side of the material is to be welded
9
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Basic Welds and Symbols
10
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Welded Joints
• There are five basic types of welded
joints:
• Butt joint
• Corner joint
• T-joint
• Lap joint
• Edge joint
11
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Welded
Joints
12
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Welds
• There are four types of arc and gas
welds:
• Back or backing weld
• Fillet weld
• Plug or slot weld
• Groove weld
13
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Types of Welds
• The four basic resistance welds are:
• Spot weld
• Projection weld
• Seam weld
• Flash or upset weld
14
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Symbols
• The basic element of the symbol is the
“bent” arrow
• The arrow points to the joint where the
weld is to be made
• Attached to the reference line, or shank, is
the symbol for the desired weld
15
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Symbols
16
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Complete Welding Symbol
17
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Fillet Welds
• The usual fillet weld has equal legs

18
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Groove Welds
19
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Back or Backing Welds
20
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Surface Welds
• The surface weld
symbol indicates a
surface to be built
up

21
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Plug and Slot Welds
22
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Spot Welds
23
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Seam Welds
24
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Projection Welds
25
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Flash and Upset Welds
• Flash and upset weld symbols have no
arrow-side or other-side significance

26
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Applications
• Welding is often cheaper when only one
or a few identical parts are required
• Welding is also suitable for large
structures that are difficult or
impossible to fabricate entirely in a
shop
27
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Welding Templates
• Welding templates can simplify drawing
welding symbols by hand
• They have all the forms needed for
drawing the arrow, weld symbols, and
supplementary symbols
28
Technical Drawing 13
th
Edition
Giesecke, Mitchell, Spencer, Hill Dygdon, Novak, Lockhart
© 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.
All Rights Reserved.
Computer Graphics
• Welding symbol libraries available in
CAD and allow for rapid application of
accurate, uniform symbols that are in
compliance with standards