© All Rights Reserved

27 views

phys 101- L . 1

© All Rights Reserved

- Dimensions Units Error Propagation
- lecture 1
- Fluids Mechanics and Fluid Properties 5
- The_Tip_Region_of_a_Fluid-Driven_Fractur (2).pdf
- 10 Vector Algebra
- Lecture1 [Compatibility Mode]
- Intro of Statistics - Ogive
- prod049718_smpl0
- maths year 3 term 4 2016
- Chapter -1 Measurement
- Chapter 1 Introduction
- Purchase Requistion
- Crop Circle
- Presentation 2
- data jatah dimas.docx
- Unit 1
- 9702_w11_qp_23
- Dwelling Time Rotterdam
- cmc chapter 02
- Ex 3.4 (www.urdulovers123.blogspot.com).pdf

You are on page 1of 20

:

:

:

www.shaimaaabdelraof.blogspot.com

:

2.900

Physics for Scientists and

Engineers 6th Eds, Raymond A.

Serway, John W. Jewett.

Text Books

Chapter ( 1)

Fundamental quantities & Derived

quantities

Physical quantity can be used to describe certain physical

phenomenon.

The physical quantity can be measured or calculated.

For example, ruler can be used for measuring certain

distance & stopwatch is used to measure time.

In contrast, velocity is calculated from

distance per time.

In mechanics, the three most fundamental (

basic ) quantities are length (L), mass (M), and

time (T).

All other physical quantities can be constructed

(derived ) from these three.

Units

Physics Experiments Measurements

Unit systems Accuracy

SI Units

System

International

CGS

Centimeter-

gram-second

BE

British

Engineering

system

Basic Units of Measurements in

mechanics

Time Mass Length

Second(s) Kilogram(kg) Meter(m) SI units

Second(s) Gram(g) Centimeter(c

m)

CGS units

Second(s) slug(sl) Foot(ft) BE

All other quantities can be derived from the basic units..

for example :

:

The Conversion of Units

We can convert any unit from one system to

another by using the conversion factors.

Table of Conversion

Example -1

Convert 12 inches to centimeters.

Ans. : From the table: 1 inch = 2.54 cm

inch 1

cm 2.54

(12 inches) x ( ) = 30.5 cm we find that 12 in. =

The highest waterfall in the

world is in Venezuela, with a

total drop of 979.0 m.

Express this drop in feet.

Ans. : From the table:

1 m = 3.281 ft

so Length = 3212 ft.

Example -2

Dimensional Analysis

The dimensional analysis is important in checking the validity of

any mathematical expression. The dimension of any quantity will

be defined in brackets [ ].

For example the dimension of velocity is [ ] = L/T

Example:

The dimensional form of this equation can be written as:

2

2 1 at x

L T

T

L

L

at x

2

2

2

, + at

0

v = v Show that the expression Problem:

represent

0

v and v where , dimensionally correct is

velocities, a is acceleration , and t is a time interval.

Dimensional Analysis

Ans. :

A more general procedure is to set up an

expression using dimensional analysis.

Example: find the value of ( n , m ) in the

following expression:

Dimensional Analysis

m n

t a x

Trigonometry

Pythagorean Theorem

The square of the length of the hypotenuse of a triangle is equal to the sum

Of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides:

2 2

0

2

a

h h h

A person measures the height of a building by

from its base m 46.0 walking out a distance of

and shining a flashlight beam toward the top.

39.0 When the beam is elevated at an angle of

with respect to the horizontal, as shown in

Figure, the beam just strikes the top of the

building.

Find the height of the building , and the distance

the flashlight beam has to travel before it strikes

the top of the building.

Example :

Scalar and Vector

Quantity

A scalar quantity is one that

can be described with a single

number (including any units) giving its

size or magnitude.

A vector quantity is one that

deals inherently with both magnitude

and direction.

Note: arrows are used to present the

direction of the vector, and the length

of the arrow represents the magnitude.

Home Work

m/s, 28.0 If a car is traveling at a speed of : 1 Problem

is it exceeding the speed limit of 55.0 mi/h?

The traffic light turns green, and the driver of a : 2 Problem

high-performance car slams the accelerator to the floor.

.

2

m/s 22.0 The accelerometer registers

.

2

km/min Convert this reading to

- Dimensions Units Error PropagationUploaded byJingyi Zhou
- lecture 1Uploaded bydrshimo
- Fluids Mechanics and Fluid Properties 5Uploaded byUmed Abd-alsatar
- The_Tip_Region_of_a_Fluid-Driven_Fractur (2).pdfUploaded byVishal Awari
- 10 Vector AlgebraUploaded byRajesh Lingampally
- Lecture1 [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded bytiniz94
- Intro of Statistics - OgiveUploaded byJeff Maynard
- prod049718_smpl0Uploaded byiitforum
- maths year 3 term 4 2016Uploaded byapi-364686860
- Chapter -1 MeasurementUploaded byMazharAli
- Chapter 1 IntroductionUploaded bydandewjanger
- Purchase RequistionUploaded byDheeban Chakravarthy
- Crop CircleUploaded bydotionmo
- Presentation 2Uploaded bydikdik ajie
- data jatah dimas.docxUploaded bysimon bagas
- Unit 1Uploaded byDavid Marin Martinez
- 9702_w11_qp_23Uploaded byHubbak Khan
- Dwelling Time RotterdamUploaded byAndi Rachmianty AM
- cmc chapter 02Uploaded byapi-294176229
- Ex 3.4 (www.urdulovers123.blogspot.com).pdfUploaded bySau Putt
- StaticUploaded by재인디디
- iii b field practicum logged hoursUploaded byapi-247725927
- G481 Module 1 Motion Questions MSUploaded byAmber
- Smm II - Measurement FormUploaded byMija Ismail
- Choosing Scientific MeasurementsUploaded bynafi annury
- Chapter 8Uploaded byjulita08
- formulas2FH3Uploaded byErnest Tiong
- intro to vectorsUploaded byapi-318836863
- chapter-1-introduction-to-science-doc.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7pbegA
- 51690559 Challenges of Performance AppraisalUploaded byPoulami

- Math g7 m6 Topic d Lesson 20 TeacherUploaded byTylerShaw
- 10.1.1.120.8015.pdfUploaded byTharindu Gunarathne
- 10MA 10 2 Sem2 SolutionsUploaded bySudhere Kariyawasam
- 20 properties of regular polygonsUploaded byapi-299265916
- HyperspaceUploaded byFried M. Khan
- Perth AccUploaded byGeorge Adongo
- Lmc Mmc MatlabUploaded byMustapha Bello
- Gujarati Mathematical VocabularyUploaded byapi-246699621
- 111Uploaded byRoni
- District Common Examination BoardUploaded bygayaatri online
- JMC14 (1)Uploaded byAnte Mihaljević
- 034_Chapter 7_L24Uploaded bynanduslns07
- Chapter 5 the Straight LineUploaded bybjkhaw75
- Mathematics 1Uploaded byYoke Kean Ng
- Multivariable Calculus - J Shurman.pdfUploaded byjaviplay
- Axis-Displaced Dual-Reflector Antennas ForUploaded byLisseth Saavedra Patiño
- Important Formulae_for Website_from Trishna Arithmetic BookUploaded byhimani
- Chapter 14Uploaded byanil.gelra5140
- Oswaal SQP MathematicsUploaded byAbhinav Pathak
- Advanced Higher Maths Exam 2014Uploaded byStephenMcI
- MathUploaded byalvin buen
- Mechanics of Materials Equation SheetUploaded byjohn
- Atwood Arches Part IIUploaded byjohn_2000000
- ch-3Uploaded byDUCKYY1
- GeometryUploaded byNicoleSantos
- Csc104 Calculus MicrosyllabusUploaded bykamalshrish
- 9a03101c Engineering DrawingUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- Re Configurations of Polygonal StructuresUploaded byNick Watson
- Permutations and Combinations Basics - CAT 2011Uploaded byAbhishek Kumar Pandey
- 2014_06_lyp_Mathematics_03.pdfUploaded byRavindra Chowdary Gudapati