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Cloud Computing

Abhishek Saxena
M-Tech DC
Adaptive Optical
Camouflage

"computer mediated
reality" or "optical
camouflage"
Active camouflage provides concealment in
two ways:
1.by making an object not merely generally
similar to its surroundings, but effectively
invisible through accurate mimicry, and
2.by changing the appearance of the object as
changes occur in its background.
INTRODUCTION
Current systems began with a
United States Air Force program
which placed low-intensity blue
lights on aircraft as counter
illumination camouflage. As night
skies are not pitch black, a 100
percent black-colored aircraft
might be rendered visible.
HISTORY OF "illusory transparency"
Active camouflage may now develop
using organic light-emitting diodes
(OLEDs) and other technologies which
allow for images to be projected onto
irregularly-shaped surfaces. Using visual
data from a camera, an object could
perhaps be camouflaged well enough to
avoid detection by the human eye and
optical sensors when stationary.
Camouflage is weakened by motion
HISTORY OF "illusory transparency"
ABSTRACT
Optical Camouflage delivers a
similar experience to Harry
Potter’s invisibility cloak, but
using it requires a slightly more
complicated arrangement.
OLED (organic light-
emitting diode)
An OLED (organic light-emitting diode) is a
light-emitting diode (LED) in which the
emissive electroluminescent layer is a film
of organic compound which emits light in
response to an electric current. This layer of
organic semiconductor material is situated
between two electrodes. Generally, at least
one of these electrodes is transparent.
Working principle
A typical OLED is composed of a layer of organic materials
situated between two electrodes, the anode and cathode, all
deposited on a substrate. The organic molecules are
electrically conductive as a result of delocalization of pi
electrons caused by conjugation over all or part of the
molecule. These materials have conductivity levels ranging
from insulators to conductors, and therefore are considered
organic semiconductors. The highest occupied and lowest
unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) of organic
semiconductors are analogous to the valence and conduction
bands of inorganic semiconductors.
Schematic of a bilayer OLED: 1. Cathode (−), 2. Emissive
Layer, 3. Emission of radiation, 4. Conductive Layer, 5. Anode
(+)
Transparent OLEDs
Transparent OLEDs use transparent or
semi-transparent contacts on both sides
of the device to create displays that can
be made to be both top and bottom
emitting (transparent). TOLEDs can
greatly improve contrast, making it
much easier to view displays in bright
sunlight.This technology can be used in
Head-up displays, smart windows or
augmented reality applications.
Optical Camouflage delivers
a similar experience to
Harry Potter’s invisibility
cloak, but
using it requires a slightly
more complicated
arrangement.
It is a garment
that resembles a
hooded raincoat
Cloaking device
Optical camouflage is a kind of active camouflage in
which one wears a fabric which has an image of the
scene directly behind the wearer projected onto it,
so that the wearer appears invisible. The drawback
to this system is that, when the cloaked wearer
moves, a visible distortion is often generated as the
'fabric' catches up with the object's motion. The
concept exists for now only in theory and in proof-
of-concept prototypes, although many experts
consider it technically feasible.

Simulation of how a cloaking
device would work. Cloaking
device deactivated: Light is
reflected and absorbed by the
object, causing it to be visible
Simulation of how a cloaking device
would work. Cloaking device active:
Light is deflected around the object,
causing it to be invisible



How does Optical Camouflage work?
Principle
If you project background image on
to the masked object, you can
observe the masked
object just as if it were virtually
transparent.

Most augmented-reality systems require that
users look through a special viewing apparatus
to see a real-world scene enhanced with
synthesized graphics. They also require a
powerful
computer. Optical camouflage requires these
things, as well, but it also requires several other
components
Main Components

A garment made from highly reflective material

A video camera

A computer

A projector

A special, half-silvered mirror called a combiner
The Video Camera


The retro-reflective garment
doesn't actually make a person
invisible
-- in fact, it's perfectly opaque.
Capturing the background image
requires a video
camera, which sits behind the
person
wearing the cloak.



The Complete System
Real-World Applications
Pilots landing a plane could use this technology to make cockpit floors
transparent. This
would enable them to see the runway and the landing gear simply by
glancing down
Doctors performing surgery could use optical camouflage to see through
their hands and
instruments to the underlying tissue.
No wasted resources because you pay for what you use. Drivers backing up
cars could benefit one day from optical camouflage. A quick glance
backward through a transparent rear hatch or tailgate would make it easy to
know when
to stop.

Thank You






The End