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EFFECTIVE READING

BY: Ms Prema
Taylor’s University
College
WHY READ???
 helps enlarge your vocabulary

 a good way to gain knowledge

 helps improve writing

 increases reading speed
READING QUESTIONAIRE
1. I always read every word of a passage
Yes No
2. I need to know ever word in order to
understand.
Yes No
3. I use different reading methods when I read
different reading material
Yes No
4. To improve reading I must learn as much grammar
and vocabulary as possible
Yes No

5. I need to know every word in order to understand the
passage
Yes No

If you’ve answered ‘Yes’, then you may need to learn more about reading
Skimming
Summarizing
Scanning
Inference
Methods of Reading
Scanning

High-speed reading

Looking for a specific answer

Skipping over unimportant words
EXAMPLE:
 CURIE
Marie Sklodowska Curie (1867-1934) was
born in Poland, Nov. 7, 1867. She received
her early education and scientific training
from her father and taught in Warsaw High
school. In 1891 she moved to Paris, where
she studied physics at Sorbonne, receiving
her degree in 1893.
Skimming

High-speed reading that can help save time

Don’t let details slow you down

Read only key words


EXAMPLE:
Read the first sentence or paragraph -contains general info about
the text.
Then, look at the beginning of each paragraph ................................
………………maybe read a few words………………………………..
……..in the middle ………………….Sometimes the topic sentence
may be at the end………………………….........................................
……………skip some paragraphs………………...............................
……………………………………which are unimportant.
Read the last paragraph carefully – usually contains a summary of
the main ideas

Body paragraphs
Conclusion
Introduction
BODY :Topics of Paragraphs
(Topic sentence)
 Definition : Main idea of the paragraph

 Advantages :
-Provides a general idea about the
paragraph
-Helps you locate information
Inferencing
 Definition :

Looking for clues to guess the meaning or idea

You don’t have to understand every word-
Skip words
Activity:
A: For here or to go?
B: To go
A: Large or small?
B: Uh…..small
A: Black or white?
B: Black
A: Sugar?
B: Yes, two please
A: Ok, that’ll be seven
B: Here you are
A: Bye now
B: Bye
1. Where are these people?
2. What are they talking about?
3. Are they men or women? How can you tell?

Activity:
1. Projectiles include those items that are shot
such as a cannon shell, bullet, or rocket.

The word projectile here means:

A. things put down B. things hurt
C. things shot forward D. things broken
2. The professor was a favorite among students. His
sagacity was helpful to them as they pursued their
degrees. He was known to use his experience and
common sense to help them.

Sagacity means :
A. Silliness B. wisdom
C. thoughtlessness D. negligence
3. A sleuth, such as Sherlock Holmes, can be
very helpful in solving crime

Here, sleuth means:
A. senior citizen B. pilot
C. man D. detective

Summarizing
 Definition :Retelling of important points

 Why summarize???

To show understanding
Helps during review for exams
Identify main ideas



What’s a good summary???
 Contains main ideas and major supporting
points

 Doesn’t include minor details, examples or
the reader’s opinion
Summarizing Methods
 Read the passage and understand it

 Identify topic sentences, if not summarize the
paragraph

 Remove unnecessary words

 Connect the main ideas with signal words
Example:
The tall cowboy put the saddle on his horse,
untied him from the fence, waved goodbye and
rode off into the sunset.

Summary : The cowboy left.
Activity-


 As the bus rolled into her hometown, Liz
looked around at the familiar streets and
shops which she had not seen for 2 years.
2. In Natasha’s library you can find mysteries,
novels, biographies , and reference books.
3. When they heard the weather forecast, the
islanders closed their windows, put tape
across the glass and stocked up on fresh
water

The END
&
Thank you