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Network and Dynamic

Segmentation
Chapter 16

Introduction
A network consists of connected linear
features.
Dynamic segmentation is a data model
that is built upon lines of a network and
allows the use of realworld coordinates
with linear measures such as
mileposts.
!oth models must ha"e the appropriate
attributes for realworld applications.

Introduction
A#C$IN%& can work with both
network and dynamic
segmentation
Arc'iew with Network Analyst can
do network model

Network
A network is a line co"erage( which
is topologybased and has the
appropriate attributes for the )ow
of ob*ects such as tra+c.
,-amples. links( turns( oneway
streets( o"erpass( underpass/
impedance

0ink Impedance
0ink impedance. measure of the cost
of tra"ersing a link/ cost rather than
length( such as tra"el time 123 "s 13
mph4.
Directional di5erences 1tofrom
node4
6ime of day
Day of week

6urn Impedance
6ransition from one arc to another
6ime to make the turn
6urn table because of changing conditions/
node number( arc numbers( turn
impedance
Straight( left( right( possibly 7
7sually directional
Negati"e impedance for prohibited acti"ity

8utting 6ogether a Street
Network
8reliminary co"erage from 6I9,#( con"ert
to real world coordinates.
,dit and update. attributes( new$changed
streets( pseudo nodes for attributes
change.
Add impedance "alues.
Consistent oneway streets and directions
Create turn table

Network Applications
Shortest 8ath Analysis

path with minimum cumulati"e impedance


between nodes

in"ehicle #oute 9uidance System 1#9S4


6ra"eling salesman problem

more comple-

must "isit each one time

must return to original stop


:any algorighms

Network Applications
Shortest 8ath Analysis
A#C$IN%& has 8A6; and 6&7#
Arc'iew Network Analyst has <%ind
!est #oute=
!oth create a route and option of
pro"iding directions

Network Applications
Closest %acility

Computes shortest paths from the


selected location to all candidate
facilities and then chooses the closest
facility

Network Applications
Allocation

Study of spatial distribution of resources


through a network

&ften refer to public facilities ser"ice


>ones

,+ciency is response time


0ocationAllocation

:inimi>e use of resources using facilities


and at the same time meeting ob*ecti"es

Network Applications
:a-imum co"ering model

ma-imi>es the demand co"ered within


a speci?ed time or distance.
7rban 6ransportation 8lanning :odel

typically uses fourstep process of trip


generation( trip distribution( modal
choice( and trip assignment

comple-( must ha"e arcnode topology



Dynamic Segmentation
!uilt upon arcs of a network
!asic elements of routes( sections( and
e"ents
#oute is a collection of sections and
resides in a line co"erage as a subclass
Section refers directly to arcs in the line
co"erage and pro"ides measures to
route system
,"ents are occurrences related to the
route system

Creating #outes
&n new arcs
&n e-isting Arcs
Di5erent types of routes

simple 1one direction without loop or


branch4

combined 1route is *oined by another route4

split route 1route subdi"ides into two routes4

looping route 1route intersects itself4



,"ent 6ables
,"ents are attribute data measured
on a linear reference system

point e"ents( such as accidents and


stop signs

continuous e"ents( such as speed limits


1always present4

linear e"ents( such as pa"ement


conditions 1o5 and on situations4

Applications of Dynamic
Segmentation
Display( @uery( and analysis of
routes( measures( and e"ents.
Analysis of accidents
Changes