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Exercise 2-3 Analyze the impact of transactions on the accounting equation Exercise 2-3
Exercise 2-5 Understand the components of retained earnings Exercise 2-5
Exercise 2-8 Record transactions Exercise 2-8
Exercise 2-9 Identify transactions Exercise 2-9
Exercise 2-10 Record transactions Exercise 2-10
Exercise 2-11 Record transactions Exercise 2-11
Exercise 2-15 Post transactions to T-accounts Exercise 2-15
Exercise 2-17 Prepare a trial balance Exercise 2-17
Exercise 2-18 Prepare a trial balance Exercise 2-18
Exercise 2-19 Record transactions, post to T-accounts, and prepare a trial balance Exercise 2-19
Exercise 2-20 Record transactions, post to T-accounts, and prepare a trial balance Exercise 2-20
Chapter 2 The Accounting Cycle: During the Period
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.
Exercise 2-3
Secure Data Corporation plans to own and operate a data backup facility for
technology companies. For the first month of operations, the company had the
following transactions.
1. Issue 20,000 shares of common stock for $50,000 cash.
2. Hire two employees for $1,500 per month.
3. Purchase equipment for $15,000 cash.
4. Purchase facility for $25,000. A note payable is signed for this amount.
5. Purchase office supplies for $1,500 on account.
6. Receive cash of $10,000 in service fees for the current month.
7. Pay employees $3,000 for the first months salaries.

Required:
For each transaction, describe the dual effect on the accounting equation. For
example, in the first transaction, (1) assets increase and (2) stockholders equity
increases.

Analyze the impact of transactions on the accounting equation
One asset (equipment) increases and another
asset (cash) decreases
No effect on the accounting equation
4. Purchase facility for $25,000. A note payable
is signed for this amount.
Stockholders equity
increases
Assets
increase
Stockholders equity
increases
Assets
increase
Liabilities
increase
Transaction Dual Effect
1. Issue 20,000 shares of common stock for
$50,000 cash.
2. Hire two employees for $1,500 per month.
3. Purchase equipment for $15,000 cash.
5. Purchase office supplies for $1,500 on
account.
6. Receive cash of $10,000 in service fees for
the current month.
7. Pay employees $3,000 for the first months
salaries.
Assets
increase
Assets
increase
Liabilities
increase
Assets
decrease
Stockholders equity
decreases
Exercise 2-5
At the beginning of June, Mentor Corporation has a balance of $17,500 in the
Retained Earnings account. During the month of June, Mentor had the following
external transactions.
1. Issue common stock for cash, $15,000.
2. Provide services to customers for cash, $4,000.
3. Purchase supplies and pay cash, $2,000.
4. Provide services to customers on account, $6,000.
5. Pay advertising expense, $900.
6. Pay salaries for June, $3,500.
7. Pay dividends for June, $1,800.

Required:
Using the external transactions above, compute the balance of Retained Earnings
as of June 30.

Understand the components of retained earnings
Retained earnings, June 1 $17,500
1. Issue common stock for cash, $15,000. 0
2. Provide services to customers on account, $4,000. 4,000
3. Purchase supplies and pay cash, $2,000. 0
4. Provide services to customers on account, $6,000. 6,000
5. Pay advertising expense, $900. (900)
6. Pay salaries for June, $3,500. (3,500)
7. Pay dividends for June, $1,800. (1,800)
$21,300
Retained earnings, June 30
Transaction Balance
Exercise 2-8
Terabyte Corporation engages in the following transactions for December.

1. Purchase office supplies on account for $400.
2. Purchase equipment in exchange for cash of $15,000.
3. Provide services worth $8,000 to customers on account.
4. Pay employees salaries of $2,400 for the current month.
5. Purchase advertising for the current month for $500 cash.

Required:
Record the transactions. Terabyte uses the following accounts: Cash, Supplies,
Equipment, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Service Revenue, and
Advertising Expense
Record transactions
Supplies (+A) 400
Accounts Payable (+L)
(Purchase office supplies on
account)
400
(1)
Equipment ( +A) 15,000
Cash (A)
(Purchase equipment with cash)
15,000
(2)
Accounts Receivable (+A) 8,000
Service Revenue (+R, +SE)
(Provide services on account)
8,000
(3)
Salaries Expense ( +E, SE) 2,400
Cash (A)
(Pay current months salaries)
2,400
(4)
Advertising Expense ( +E, SE) 500
Cash (A)
(Pay advertising for current
month)
500
(5)
Debit Credit
General Journal
Exercise 2-9
Below are recorded transactions of Blue Valley Corporation for June.













Required:
Provide an explanation for each transaction.
Identify transactions
Debit Credit
(1) Supplies 800
Cash 800
(2) Cash 3,000
Unearned Revenue 3,000
(3) Rent Expense 600
Cash 600
(4) Dividends 500
Cash 500
(5) Accounts Receivable 2,000
Service Revenue 2,000
General Journal
Debit Credit
Supplies 800
Cash
(Purchase supplies for cash)
800
Cash 3,000
Unearned Revenue
(Receive cash from customers in advance of
services)
3,000
Rent Expense 600
Cash
(Pay current month's rent)
600
Dividends 500
Cash
(Pay dividends to stockholders)
500
Accounts Receivable 2,000
Service Revenue
(Provide services to customers on account)
2,000
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Exercise 2-10
Element Design Studio has the following transactions during the month of March.

March 5 Purchase supplies of $1,500 on account.
March 11 Provide services of $4,300 to customers and receive cash.
March 21 Pay utility bill for the current month of $450.
March 25 Provide services of $1,800 to customers on account.
March 28 Pay workers salaries for the current month of $3,800.
March 30 Pay the current months rent of $1,200.

Required:
Record each transaction. Element Design uses the following accounts: Cash,
Accounts Receivable, Supplies, Accounts Payable, Service Revenue, Rent
Expense, Salaries Expense, and Utilities Expense.

Record transactions
Supplies 1,500
Accounts Payable
(Purchase supplies on account)
1,500
March 5
Cash 4,300
Service Revenue
(Provide design services for cash)
4,300
March 11
Utilities Expense 450
Cash
(Pay utilities for current month)
450
March 21
Accounts Receivable 1,800
Service Revenue
(Provide design services on account)
1,800
March 25
Salaries Expense 3,800
Cash
(Pay salaries for current month)
3,800
March 28
Rent Expense 1,200
Cash
(Pay rent for current month with cash)
1,200
March 30
Debit Credit
General Journal
Exercise 2-11
Bobcat Construction begins operations in March and has the following
transactions.


March 1 Issue common stock for $25,000.
March 5 Purchase office equipment for $5,000 cash.
March 10 Paid rent on office space for the month, $4,500.
March 15 Secured a bank loan to finance construction equipment, $30,000.
March 22 Provide construction services for $15,000 on account.
March 27 Pay salaries for the current month of $6,000.
March 28 Receive $15,000 cash from customers on account.

Required:
Record each transaction. Bobcat uses the following accounts: Cash, Accounts
Receivable, Notes Payable, Common Stock, Service Revenue, Advertising
Expense, and Salaries Expense.

Record transactions
Cash (+A) 25,000
Common Stock (+SE) 25,000
March 1
Office Equipment (+A) 5,000
Cash (-A) 5,000
March 5
Rent (+E, -SE) 4,500
Cash (-A) 4,500
March 10
Construction Equipment (+A) 30,000
Notes Payable (+L) 30,000
March 15
Accounts Receivable (+A) 15,000
Service Revenue (+R, +SE) 15,000
March 22
Salaries Expense (+E, -SE) 6,000
Cash (-A) 6,000
March 27
Debit Credit
General Journal
Cash (+A) 15,000
Accounts Receivable (-A) 15,000
March 28
Exercise 2-15
Consider the recorded transactions below.












Required:
Post each transaction to T-accounts and compute the ending balance of each
account. The beginning balance of each account before the transactions is: Cash,
$3,000; Accounts Receivable, $2,500; Supplies, $400; Accounts Payable, $1,000;
Unearned Revenue, $500. Service Revenue and Rent Expense each have a
beginning balance of zero.
Post transactions to T-accounts
Debit Credit
(1) Supplies 800
Accounts Payable 800
(2) Accounts Receivable 4,000
Service Revenue 4,000
(3) Rent Expense 800
Cash 800
(4) Cash 6,000
Accounts Receivable 6,000
(5) Cash 2,000
Unearned Revenue 2,000
(6) Accounts Payable 1,500
Cash 1,500
Supplies
Accounts Receivable
Accounts Payable
Service Revenue Unearned Revenue
Rent Expense
Assets
Liabilities Stockholders Equity
Cash
=
+
3,000
400
2,500
500
1,000
0
0
(1)
Accounts Payable
Debit Credit
800
800
Supplies
6,000
2,000
(4)
(5)
1,500 (6)
Bal. 8,700
(2) 4,000
2,000 (5)
Bal. 2,500
Bal. 500
4,000 (2)
Bal. 4,000
800 (3)
6,000 (4) 1,500 (6)
Bal. 300
(3) 800
Bal. 800
(1) 800
Bal. 1,200
800 (1)
(2)
Service Revenue
Debit Credit
4,000
4,000
Accounts Receivable (3)
Cash
Debit Credit
800
800
Rent Expense (4)
Accounts Receivable
Debit Credit
6,000
6,000
Cash (5)
Unearned Revenue
Debit Credit
2,000
2,000
Cash (6)
Cash
Debit Credit
1,500
1,500
Accounts Payable
Exercise 2-17
Below is the complete list of accounts of Raider Corporation and the related
balance at the end of July. All accounts have their normal debit or credit balance.

Cash, $4,000; Prepaid Insurance, $7,000; Notes Payable, $20,000; Common Stock,
$40,000; Service Revenue, $30,000; Salaries Expense, $8,000; Accounts
Receivable, $4,500; Land, $90,000; Unearned Revenue, $5,000; Retained
Earnings, $25,000; Utilities Expense, $6,500.



Required:
Prepare a trial balance with the list of accounts in the following order: assets,
liabilities, stockholders equity, revenues, and expenses.
Prepare a trial balance
1. Cash $4,000
2. Accounts Receivable 4,500
3. Prepaid Insurance 7,000
4. Land 90,000
5. Notes Payable 20,000
6. Unearned Revenue 5,000
7. Common Stock 40,000
8. Retained Earnings 25,000
9. Service Revenue 30,000
10. Utilities Expense 6,500
11. Salaries Expense 8,000
RAIDER CORPORATION
Trial Balance
July 31
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Prepaid Insurance
Land
Notes Payable
Unearned Revenue
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Service Revenue
Utilities Expense
Salaries Expense
Accounts Debit Credit
Totals
$ 4,000
4,500
7,000
90,000
6,500
8,000
5,000
40,000
25,000
30,000
$ 120,000 $120,000
$ 20,000
Exercise 2-18
Below is the complete list of accounts of Winner Company and the related
balance at the end of January. All accounts have their normal debit or credit
balance.

Equipment, $13,000; Buildings, $45,000; Salaries Payable, $1,000; Common
Stock, $30,000; Accounts Payable, $4,000; Supplies Expense, $2,500; Prepaid
Rent, $1,500; Service Revenue, $22,000; Accounts Receivable, $5,000; Cash,
$3,000; Salaries Expense, $5,000; Retained Earnings, $18,000.



Required:
Prepare a trial balance with the list of accounts in the following order: assets,
liabilities, stockholders equity, revenues, and expenses.

Prepare a trial balance
WINNER COMPANY
Trial Balance
January 31
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Prepaid Rent
Equipment
Buildings
Accounts Payable
Salaries Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Service Revenue
Salaries Expense
Accounts Debit Credit
Totals
$ 3,000
5,000
1,500
13,000
22,000
5,000
1,000
30,000
18,000
$ 75,000 $75,000
$ 4,000
1. Cash $3,000
2. Accounts Receivable 5,000
3. Prepaid Rent 1,500
4. Equipment 13,000
5. Buildings 45,000
6. Accounts Payable 4,000
7. Salaries Payable 1,000
8. Common Stock 30,000
9. Retained Earnings 18,000
10. Service Revenue 22,000
11. Salaries Expense 5,000
12. Supplies Expense 2,500
45,000
Supplies Expense 2,500
Exercise 2-19
Secure Data Corporation owns and operates a data backup facility for technology
companies. For the first month of operations, the company had the following
transactions.

1. Issue 20,000 shares of common stock for $50,000 cash.
2. Hire two employees with each earning $1,500 per month.
3. Purchase equipment for $15,000 cash.
4. Purchase land for $25,000. A note payable is signed for this amount.
5. Purchase office supplies for $1,500 on account.
6. Receive cash of $10,000 in service fees earned during the month.
7. Pay employees $3,000 for wages earned during the month.

Required:
1. Record a journal entry for each transaction. Secure Data uses the following
accounts: Cash, Supplies, Land, Equipment, Common Stock, Accounts Payable,
Notes Payable, Service Revenue, and Salaries Expense.
2. Post each transaction to T-accounts and compute the ending balance of each
account. Since this is the first month of operations, all T-accounts have a beginning
balance of zero
3. After calculating the ending balance of each account, prepare a trial balance.
Record transactions, post to T-accounts, and prepare a trial balance
Land
Equipment
Notes Payable
Service Revenue
Common Stock
Salaries Expense
Assets
Liabilities Stockholders Equity
Cash
=
+
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
50,000
10,000
(1)
(6)
Bal. 42,000
(3) 15,000
50,000 (1)
Bal. 50,000
Bal. 15,000
10,000 (6)
Bal. 10,000
15,000 (3)
Bal. 25,000
(7) 3,000
Bal. 3,000
(4) 25,000
Bal. 25,000
25,000 (4)
Supplies
0
(5) 1,500
Bal. 1,500
Accounts Payable
0
Bal. 1,500
1,500 (5)
1. Issue 20,000 shares of common stock for $50,000 cash.
Common Stock
Debit Credit
50,000
50,000
Cash
(Issuance of common stock)
2. Hire two employees for $1,500 per month.
Debit Credit
No entry required
3. Purchase equipment for $15,000 cash.
Cash
Debit Credit
15,000
15,000
Equipment
(Purchase equipment with cash)
4. Purchase land for $25,000. A note payable is signed for this amount.
Notes Payable
Debit Credit
25,000
25,000
Land
(Purchase land with notes payable)
5. Purchase office supplies for $1,500 on account.
Accounts Payable
Debit Credit
1,500
1,500
Supplies
(Purchase office supplies on account)
6. Receive cash of $10,000 in service fees for the current month.
Service Revenue
Debit Credit
10,000
10,000
Cash
(Receive cash for services)
7. Pay employees $3,000 for the first months salaries.
Cash
Debit Credit
3,000
3,000
Salaries Expense
(Pay salaries for the current month)
3,000 (7)
SECURE DATA CORPORATION
Trial Balance
Cash
Supplies
Equipment
Land
Accounts Payable
Notes Payable
Common Stock
Service Revenue
Salaries Expense
Accounts Debit Credit
Totals
$42,000
1,500
15,000
25,000
3,000
25,000
50,000
10,000
$86,500 $86,500
$ 1,500
Cash $42,000
Supplies 1,500
Equipment 15,000
Land 25,000
Accounts Payable 1,500
Notes Payable 25,000
Common Stock 50,000
Service Revenue 10,000
Salaries Expense 3,000
Exercise 2-20
Shoestring Interior incurs the following transactions for June.
1. Provide design services in the current month for $10,000 on account.
2. Purchase design equipment for $12,000 cash.
3. Purchase office supplies on account for $800.
4. Pay workers salaries of $5,000 for the current month.
5. Purchase advertising to appear in the current month for $1,000 cash.
6. Pay office rent of $2,500 for the current month.
7. Receive $5,000 from customers who previously bought services on account.
8. Receive $2,000 in advance from a customer to design interiors in July.

Required:
1. Record each transaction. Shoestring uses the following accounts: Cash, Accounts
Receivable, Supplies, Equipment, Accounts Payable, Unearned Revenue, Common
Stock, Retained Earnings, Service Revenue, Salaries Expense, Advertising Expense, and
Rent Expense.
2. Post each transaction to T-accounts and compute the ending balance of each account.
At the beginning of September, the company had the following account balances: Cash,
$25,000; Accounts Receivable, $2,000; Supplies, $500; Equipment, $8,000; Accounts
Payable, $1,500; Common Stock, $25,000; Retained Earnings, $9,000. All other accounts
had a beginning balance of zero.
3. After calculating the ending balance of each account, prepare a trial balance.
Record transactions, post to T-accounts, and prepare a trial balance
Accounts Receivable
Equipment
Unearned Revenue
Common Stock Accounts Payable Retained Earnings
Assets
Liabilities Stockholders Equity
Cash
=
+
25,000
2,000
8,000
1,500
0
25,000
5,000
2,000
(7)
(8)
Bal. 11,500
(2) 12,000
800 (3)
Bal. 2,300
Bal. 20,000
Bal. 25,000
12,000 (2)
Bal. 2,000
Bal. 9,000
(1) 10,000
Bal. 7,000
2,000 (8)
Supplies
500
(3) 800
Bal. 1,300
5,000 (4)
Service Revenue
Salaries Expense
0
10,000 (1)
Bal. 10,000
(4) 5,000
Bal. 5,000
1. Provide design services in the current month for $10,000 on account.
9,000
Rent Expense
Advertising Expense
0
2,500 (6)
Bal. 2,500
(5) 1,000
Bal. 1,000
0
Service Revenue
Debit Credit
10,000
10,000
Accounts Receivable
(Performed design services on account)
2. Purchase design equipment for $12,000 cash.
Cash
Debit Credit
12,000
12,000
Equipment
(Purchase design equipment)
3. Purchase office supplies on account for $800.
Accounts Payable
Debit Credit
800
800
Supplies
(Purchase office supplies on account)
4. Pay workers salaries of $5,000 for the current month.
Cash
Debit Credit
5,000
5,000
Salaries Expense
(Pay salaries for the current month)
5. Purchase advertising to appear in the current month for $1,000 cash.
Cash
Debit Credit
1,000
1,000
Advertising Expense
(Pay advertising for the current month)
1,000 (5)
6. Pay office rent of $2,500 for the current month.
Cash
Debit Credit
2,500
2,500
Rent Expense
(Pay Rent for the current month)
2,500 (6)
7. Receive $5,000 from customers who previously bought services on account.
Accounts Receivable
Debit Credit
5,000
5,000
Cash
(Receive cash on account)
5,000 (7)
8. Receive $2,000 in advance from a customer to design interiors in July.
Unearned Revenue
Debit Credit
2,000
2,000
Cash
(Receive cash in advance for design work)
SHOESTRING INTERIOR
Trial Balance
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Equipment
Accounts Payable
Unearned Revenue
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Service Revenue
Accounts Debit Credit
Totals
$11,500
7,000
1,300
20,000
10,000
2,000
25,000
9,000
$48,300 $48,300
$ 2,300
Cash $11,500
Accounts Receivable 7,000
Supplies 1,300
Equipment 20,000
Accounts Payable 2,300
Unearned Revenue 2,000
Common Stock 25,000
Retained Earnings 9,000
Service Revenue 10,000
Salaries Expense 5,000
Advertising Expense 1,000
Rent Expense 2,500
Salaries Expense
Advertising Expense
Rent Expense
5,000
1,000
2,500