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Why Sucker Rod Beam Pumping?

Worldwide there are



934,728

producing oil wells.




Source - World Oil 2005
Artificial Lift Methods World Wide
7%
71%
8%
7%
14%
Sucker Rod / Beam
Gas Lift
All others
ESP
Source - World Oil 2005
Several Reasons for Rod Pumping
Popularity
large range of production capabilities
Rugged, simple - easy to understand
Long Life
Positive displacement/strong drawdown
Optimization controls available
Flexibility
High salvage value
Low operating cost
Several Reasons for Rod
Pumping Popularity
Manufactured in 1929 Still Operating in 2006
THE INVESTMENT 75% - 80%
SURFACE UNIT & PRIME MOVER
As oil field rule of thumb and general
publications If SRBP works for a particular
application, it should be selected and other
forms of AL ignored
Subsurface
pump
Sucker
Rods
Tubing
Casing
Surface
pumping unit
Main Components
of a Sucker Rod
Pumped Well
Down Hole Pump
Sucker Rods
Surface Unit
Prime Mover

Each of the above mentioned
items can vary in size,
materials & geometry.
Prime Mover
Seating
Nipple
How a Bottom Hole Pump Works
How Much?
and
How Deep?
Approximate Maximum Rates For
Conventional Pumping Units
After G. Takacs)
Capacities Of Different Pumping
Units Geometries
Production Verses Depth for Different pumping Geometries Mark II , Reverse Mark and
Conventional units
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
1000 2000 3000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 15000
Depth, ft
P
r
o
d
u
c
t
i
o
n
,

B
P
D
CONV Units
RM Units
MII Units
Avarge rate
pump intake pressure= 200 psi
producing water cut 50 %
water Spgr =1.05
oil API gravity=40
o
well head pressure=150 psi
vertical well

Standard API Sizes
API Reducer Torque
Ratings X 1000, in-lb.
80
114
160
228
320
456
640
912
1280
1824
2560

API Structural
Ratings X 100, lb.

143
173
200
213
246
256
305
365
427
470
API Standard Stroke
Lengths, in.
48
54
64
74
86
100
120
144
168
192
216
240

260
Sucker Rods
Sucker Rods come in sizes from 5/8, , 7/8,
1 & 1 1/8
The three basic rod types are Grade C, K,& D.
Sucker Rods come in lengths of 25 & 30 ft. +
2
Special Types for Extra Heavy Loads, such as
the Norris Type 97 , 96.
D90 Type Rod. This rod is used for medium to
heavy loads in a corrosive condition.

GRAVITY DRIVEN
SEPARATORS


Pumps that Handle Gas
D
o
w
n
s
t
r
o
k
e
Two Stage Gas Chaser Pump
U
p
s
t
r
o
k
e
Production
Fluid Flow
IN
Full
Positive
Seal
Copyright April 2002 Harbison-Fischer
Questions and Comments ?