You are on page 1of 10

SOCIOLOGICAL FRAMEWORKS OF SOCIETY

SOCIOLOGICAL FRAMEWORKS PERTAIN TO HOW SOCIETY


IS VIEWED


SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES PAY ATTENTION TO EXISTING
REALITIES IN THE SOCIETY AND TRIES TO FORMULATE
EXPLANATIONS AS TO CAUSE AND EFFECTS


SOCIETY IS THE TOTALITY OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS
WHICH INCLUDE THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND SYSTEM
STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM


Organization and stability in society
is determined by harmonious social
functions in the social structure


Changing social roles, linkages and
institutions affects parts of society
and disrupts the social system



Exs. Caste system, feudal system
SOCIAL DARWINISM

Societies make selections and adjustments leading to
social change for adaptation purposes in order to
improve soial conditions


Exs. Genocide, ethnic cleansing,
capital punishments , revolutions
CONFLICT THEORY

Economic determinism or factors
determine the course of social
change which also accounts for
social class conflict in a struggle
towards control of resources



Exs. War, competition,
exploitation, oppression
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM


People derive meaning from
symbols attached in interactions
which in turn determines their
course of action and reaction



Exs. Love, parenthood,smile,
money
EXCHANGE THEORY


Social relationships form and continue
insofar as it is rewarding and dissolves
when it is no longer mutually beneficial
or satisfying


Exs. husband - wife
employer employee
entrepreneur - client
CLASSIFICATION OF SOCIAL GROUPS

i. BASED ON ORGANIZATION ( formal, informal )
ii. BASED ON MEMBERSHIP ( open group, closed group )
iii. BASED ON STRUCTURE ( primary, secondary )
iv. BASED ON ASSOCIATION AND ORIENTATION ( Gemeinscgaft
and Gesselschaft)
v. BASED ON PURPOSE ( interest group , pressure group )
vi. BASED ON PERSPECTIVES ( in group. Out group. Reference
group )