Hazrath Usmaan (R.A.

)

 Do

you know about his Early Life?  Do you know his Acceptance To Islam?  Do you know his Closeness To The Prophet?  Do you know about his Election?  Do you know his First Address?  Do you know about his Caliphate?

EARLY LIFE
 Was

born 6 years after the birth of the Holy Prophet.  Father’s name was Affan and Mother’s name was Arwa.  Belonged to the Omayya branch (national flag keepers of Quraish).  Was a rich Cloth Merchant.  Looked upon wealth as a means of helping others.

ACCEPTANCE OF ISLAM
 Abu

Bakr was the person who won Usman for Islam.  He was one of the first Muslims.  The Holy Prophet gave to him his daughter Ruqayya in marriage.  The Quraish and his relatives became his enemies after accepting Islam.  Was granted permission to go to Abyssinia.

CLOSENESS TO THE PROPHET
 Was

among those who were very close to the Prophet.  Fought in all the battles except Badr due to illness of his wife.  After the death of Ruqayya, the Holy Prophet married him to his second daughter Umm Kulthum.  Earned the title of “ZUN-NOORAIN” meaning “the possessor of two lights”.

CLOSENESS TO THE PROPHET
 Played

an important role in the peace talks of Hudaibiya.  When the Muslims were facing difficulty in getting drinking water, the Holy Prophet asked: “ who will buy the well for the Muslims? ALLAH will reward him a fountain in Paradise.”  Usman at once responded.

CLOSENESS TO THE PROPHET
 He

bought the well for 20,000 Dinars and gave it to the Muslims.  He also bought land for the expansion of the Holy Prophet’s Mosque.  He also donated 1,000 Camels, 50 Horses, 1,000 pieces of Gold for the preparation a battle.

CLOSENESS TO THE PROPHET
 Usman

was one of the scribes of the Holy Prophet.  He was one of the men who wrote the portions of the Quran as they were revealed.  He was also one of the companions whom the Holy Prophet gave good tidings of “HEAVEN”.

ELECTION
 Umar

had nominated a 6 man council to choose a Caliph from among them.  These members were: Hazrath Ali Hazrath Usman Abdur Rehman Bin Auf Saad Bin Abi Waqaas Zubair Bin Awwam Talha Bin Obaidullah

ELECTION
 The

electors were to meet and decide the Caliph after Umar’s death.  The members did not come to a decision.  Abdul Rehman said: “ if any man is willing to withdraw his name, he will have the right to nominate the Caliph. Who will withdraw?”  All kept silent.

ELECTION
 Abdul

Rehman said: “ I withdraw my name.”  Abdul Rehman went to each tribe for their suggestion.  The Banu Hashim were for Ali and all others were for Usman.  Abdul Rehman talked to the two candidates.

ELECTION
 Ali

suggested Usman.  Usman suggested Ali.  Abdul Rehman decided to make Usman as the Caliph.  Hence Usman became the Third Caliph of Islam.

FIRST ADDRESS
 The

weight of the new responsibility made Usman’s body shake.  All he could say was: “ O people, it is not easy to manage a new horse. There will be several occasions to speak to you. If I live, I will address you some other day. But you know, I am not very good at speechmaking.”

CALIPHATE
 Usman

years.  He was generous and soft-hearted.  But some people took undue advantage of this thing.  Despite internal troubles, Usman’s Caliphate saw much expansion of the empire.

was the Caliph for about 12

CALIPHATE
 North

Africa was occupied in 26 A.H.  Cyprus was occupied in 28 A.H.  In 31 A.H. the Byzantines were cripled to death.  Persia and Tabristan were also occupied in 31 A.H.

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