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Original Title: Circle Vocabulary

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6 Circles Vocabulary

Circle the set of all points in a plane at a given

distance (radius) from a given point (center) in

the plane. You name a circle by its center.

Radius a segment from the center to a point on

the circle. The radius is half the length of the

diameter

Diameter a line segment containing the center

with its endpoints on the circle. The diameter is

twice the length of the radius.

Congruent circles circles are congruent if

their radii are the same length.

Concentric circles circles that

share the same center point.

Arc of a circle the two points on

the circle and the continuous

(unbroken) part of the circle

between the two points.

Endpoints of an arc the two

points are the endpoints of the arc.

Semicircle an arc of a circle

whose endpoints are the endpoints

of a diameter. Semicircles need to

be named with three points.

Chapter 6 Circle Vocabulary

Minor arc an arc of a

circle that is smaller than

a semicircle. Minor arcs

can be named with two

points.

Major arc an arc of a

circle that is larger than a

semicircle. Major arcs

must be named with three

points.

Thi s i s cal led arc AB and is

written AB

B

A

C

Thi s i s call ed arc ACB and

i s written ACB

B

A

Arc measures arc

measures are found by

measuring the corresponding

central angle. The

MEASURE of an arc is

always in degrees.

Arc Lengths are found by

calculating the length of the

portion of the circumference

that is the arc. The

LENGTH of an arc is

always measured in units.

mZABC = 90.59

That means that

mAC = 90.59

B

A

C

If the radius of the circle

above is 15, then you would

do the following calculation to

find the length of the arc:

degree 90.59

2 2 15

360 360

r t t

| | | |

=

| |

\ . \ .

Central angle the angle

with its vertex at the center of

the circle and sides passing

though the endpoints of the

arc.

Inscribed angle an angle

whose vertex is on the circle

and intercepts an arc of the

circle

ZABC i s a

central angle

B

A

C

D

ZADC i s an

i nscribed angl e and

i t intercepts AC

A

C

Chord a chord is a line

segment whose endpoints

lie on the circle. A

diameter is a chord that

goes through the center of

the circle.

Tangent a tangent is a

line that intersects the circle

only once.

Point of Tangency the

point where the tangent

touches the circle.

K

A

AK is a chord.

TH is tangent to ci rcl e M at point T

M

H

T

Tangent circles are two

circles that are tangent to

the same line at the same

point.

Internally tangent are

tangent circles where one

circle is inside the other

circle.

Externally tangent are

tangent circles where both

circles are on opposite sides

of the tangent line (we say

the circles are external to

each other).

R

Ci rcl es T and M are

i nternall y tangent.

M

H

T

R

Ci rcl es T and G are

external ly tangent.

G

H

T

Cyclic Quadrilateral a

quadrilateral that is inscribed

in a circle.

Secant a line that intersects

a circle at two points.

Circumference the

perimeter of a circle or the

distance around a circle. The

formula for the

circumference of a circle is

2*Pi*r or Pi*d.

ABCD is a cycli c quadri lateral

C

A

B

D

AB is a secant

B

A

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