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Computer Hardware

CSCI-N 100
Dept. of Computer and Information Science
Central or primary circuit board
Also known as a
system board
logic boards
An extension or "daughter" of a motherboard
Often have plugs, sockets, pins, connectors,
or other attachments for other boards
Usually have only internal connections within
a computer or other electronic device rather
than any external
Access the motherboard directly
Central Processing Unit
The component in a digital computer that
interprets computer program instructions
processes data
Fundamental operation is to execute a
sequence of stored instructions called a
Fetch (retrieving an instruction)
Decode (the instruction is broken up into parts that have
significance to other portions of the CPU )
Execute (ALU)
Writeback (the results of the execute step)
Central Processing Unit
Random access memory (usually known by
its acronym, RAM)
Type of data store used in computers
Takes the form of integrated circuits that
allow the stored data to be accessed in any
at random and without the physical movement of
the storage medium or a physical reading head
any piece of data can be returned quickly, and in
a constant time, regardless of its physical location
and whether or not it is related to the previous
piece of data
Single Inline Memory Module (SIMM)
1. 32-pin
2. 72-pin
Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM)
1. 168-pin
2. 184-pin
Power Supply Unit (PSU)
typically is designed to convert 110 V or 230
V AC power from the mains to usable low-
voltage DC power for the internal
components of the computer.
Most power supplies have an On/Off switch
on the back.
There usually is a sticker on the PSU with a
list of certifications, the specification, and a
warning not to open the enclosure
Power Supply Unit
Video/Graphic Cards
Also referred to as a graphics accelerator
card, display adapter and numerous other
Used to refer to a separate, dedicated
expansion card that is plugged into a slot on
the computer's motherboard
Consists of a printed circuit board on which
the components are mounted
Graphics processing unit
Video memory
Video BIOS
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
PCI Express video adapter card
Sound card
A computer expansion card that can input
and output sound under control of computer
Typical uses of sound cards include providing
the audio component for multimedia
music composition
editing video or audio
entertainment (games)
Sound Card
5 in.
3 in.
5 in.
Floppy Drive
3 in. Floppy Drive
A standard
ZIP100 Disk
Later (USB, left) and earlier (parallel, right) Zip drives
(media in foreground)
1. USB connector
2. USB mass storage
controller device
3. Test points
4. Flash memory chip
5. Crystal oscillator
6. LED
7. Write-protect switch
8. Space for second flash
memory chip
Internals of a typical flash drive
(Seitec brand USB1.1 pictured)
Hard disk Drive
An IBM hard disk drive with the metal
cover removed. The platters are highly
Close-up of a hard disk head suspended
above the disk platter together with its
mirror image in the smooth surface of the
magnetic platter
CD drive lens
Network Card
Network cards such as this one can transmit data at high rates over various types of
network cables. This particular card is a 'Combo' card which supports three cabling
standard types
Network Card - for DSL/Cable internet, and/or
connecting to other computers
Modem - for dial-up connections
Keyboard - QWERTY
Lt Blue typewriter keys Yellow Function keys Lt yellow Enter keys
Pink Windows keys Dark Blue Numeric pad White - Other
Purple Application keys Green Cursor control keys
Dvorak Simplified Keyboard
Tracking Devices
A computer pointing device
Designed to detect two-dimensional
motion relative to its supporting surface
"X-Y Position Indicator for a Display
Tracking Devices
One button
Two button
Three button
The Dvorak Keyboard and You
Copyright 2002-2007 Jordon Kalilich

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Power Supply
CD Lens
Sound Card
Video Card
Tracking Devices

Images (contd)
Floppy disk/drives
Zip disk/drive