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Scientific and Technic Information

Fitting Context, Needs and Wisdom

1. Being conscious of the Context
2. Being conscious of the use / needs
3. Being conscious of the needed skills

22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Information Market
• Market dimension and growth
– €2.3bn $1,000,000.00
– 4,5%

• Two Digits:
• Elsevier
• Informa
• Springer
• Thomson
– Operating Profit
• Elsevier – 33%
• Informa - 32%
• Thomsom – 27,2%


22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Political Side

• ISI
versus
• Elsevier

• USA
versus
• Europe
22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo


22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo


22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Information Seeking Behavior (Pinelli)
 Engineers
• Quick answers
• Oriented to a Mission
• Solve problems
• Confined information
• Gatekeepers
• Vendors
• Informal channels






22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Exploring the Information resources
 Scientists
• up-to-date
• Coverage
• Global
• multidisciplinary
• Invisible academia
• Formal channels






22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Proficiency
 Researchers should be be proficient in
information skills
Researchers level of information literacy should
be high:
To be able to recognize when information is needed
and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use
effectively the needed information

RIN research: matching perceptions






22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
1
st
Mistake


• Resources scope:
–Follow the leader…


http://library.dialog.com/bluesheets/

22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
2nd Mistake


• Lack of investment in Information
Systems discovering
– What can I get from this?
– How can I get?


22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Exploring the information resources

i. Search Strategies

i. Bolean operators
i. And – Or – Not
ii. Wildcard, for a single character
i. Col?or retrieves color and colour
iii. Truncation
i. sul*ate returns sulphate or sulfate
ii. words that begin with the same letters. comput* returns computer, computers, computerize, computerization
iii. Stemming active or not active
iv. Proximity
i. Solar NEAR energy
v. Controlled versus Natural Language
i. Thesaurus and classifcations usage
vi. Limit
i. By date
ii. By document type
iii. By language
iv. By treatment type: applications; Literature Review; Theoretical









22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Exploring the information resources

i. Value added Services

i. Full-text access
ii. Browse indexes
iii. Search history
iv. Select records
v. My profile
vi. My Alerts
vii. Dated updates
viii. Data export
ix. Automatic Clustering
x. Citation Tracking










22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
3rd Mistake


• Undervalue (in practice) information
resources diversity

22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Information Resources Diversity

i. By nature of content
i. Databases (metadata)
i. Eivillage (specialized by subject)
ii. Dissertations & Thesis (specialized by document type)
iii. Derwent (specialized by document type: Intellectual Property)
iv. Scopus / Web of Science (general)
ii. Digital Libraries (full-text)
i. IEEE (by publisher)
ii. CRC Telecommunications (by content: ebooks)
iii. Numerical data (statistics)
i. Infoline
iv. Technical documents
i. Specs&Standards (metadata)
ii. NTRS – Nasa Technical Reports Server





22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
4
th
Mistake



• Undervalue the information need
clarification

22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
Searching Path



i. Search equation

i. Literature Review
i. Refine search
i. Approach
ii. Appropriated document type
i. Journals
ii. Dissertations and Theses
iii. Handbooks
iv. Monographs
ii. State of the Art
i. Patents
ii. Standards
iii. Reports
iv. Refine search
i. Approach
iii. Updating
i. Refine Search
ii. Alerts
iii. Citation tracking













22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
22-09-2014 FEUP Biblioteca Ana Azevedo
To go further… other debates..

Serendipity
Open Access
Rankings
Information manifestation
eScience