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Music

and
Sound
Todays Objectives
What is a film score?
How can music impact a film or scene?
What is the difference between music and sound?

Describe a range of different types of music scores
Describe how a music score can create atmosphere and heighten
tension.
Discuss and use terminology to differentiate between music and
sound.


Starter
What is the most memorable piece of music you can
remember from film?

What is it about the music that is memorable?



Mine is Indiana Jones and the
Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Music scores
Can you identify the genres of the films from the pieces of
music being played?
Can you name the films?


Sound in Film
This is divided into two forms for film:

Diegetic
Non Diegetic
DIEGETIC SOUND

Sounds that can be heard in the diegesis (the world) of the film.

Dialogue, explosions, music on a car radio etc.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GH-r4HXHcCk&feature=relmfu

Ten minutes describe the various diegetic sounds used within the
scene

Sound within this category can not be added, it is worth noting
however that even if the sound was created in post production
like a gun shot if it belongs in the world of the movie then it
remains diegetic sound.

NON-DIEGETIC SOUND
Sounds that are outside the diegesis (the world) of the film.

Soundtrack, External voiceover

Many films will use narrators like Stand By Me or the
Shawshank Redemption

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i1Lic4ueSmY&feature=rel
mfu

Ten minutes identify the use of non-diegetic sound.
SYNCHRONOUS SOUND
Sounds that reflect what can be seen on screen.

e.g. A shot of a door closing and the sound of the slam.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vdBO3uQcHgI


Name the synchronous sounds within this scene
ASYNCHRONOUS SOUND
Sounds that dont reflect the images on screen.

e.g. a police siren in the distance


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aW4tjKzDEDU

Identify the sounds.
CONTRAPUNTAL SOUND
Sounds that are juxtaposed with images that are displayed on
screen.

e.g. violence on screen supported by happy music

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z-zRtT5jPLA

What do you think the impact is of using classical music with
the violence in the scene.
Music and Sound
Four main areas of meaning that can be created through sound
either diegetic or non-diegetic:

Character use of a musical motif can help suggest the type of
character either good or bad.

Genre the type of music can help to identify the genre of the film,
can you give an example.

Setting The style of music or ambiance can suggest the place.
Westerns the use of emptiness wind for the tumbleweeds etc.

Narrative the story and event being shown, it can often create
atmosphere and tension.
Impact of Musical Scores
Watch the scenes and identify the diegetic and non diegetic
sounds
Analyse how tension and atmosphere is created in the scene?
How does the music change as the scene progresses?
What does the use of music suggest about the character?
Discuss any points of interest of the music relating to setting,
or genre where relevant?


Scene 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8VP5jEAP3K4
Scene 3 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPeHFDxKUP4

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