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YOGI BHIMANI (1225020)
ROHIT SHUKLA (1225025)
A Project having an investment of
more than $1 Billion is termed as
Large Scale Project.

These projects attract a lot of public
attention because of substantial
on communities, environment,
and budgets.

Large Projects include Bridges,
Tunnels, Highways, Railways, Airports,
SEZs, Aerospace Projects etc.

Based on Ownership
1. Private Ownership
2. Public Ownership
3. Public-Private Ownersip

Based on Industry
1. Civil Projects
2. Information Technology Projects
3. Oil and Natural Gas Extraction Projects

Based on Period of Execution
1. Short Term Projects
2. Long Term Projects

Privately Owned Projects: In this form of ownership the
project is completely handed to a Private firm to execute a
particular job in a specified timeframe.Eg Bandra Worli Sea

Publicly Owned Projects: The projects are owned by the
government and executed by various authorities of
government. ONGC Bombay High

Public-Private Partnership: These are jointly owned by the
government and a private firm where the execution is done by
the Private firm and the profit is distributed between the
government and Private Firm. Eg. RInfra & MMRDA (Mumbai
Civil Projects: Construction and Infrastructural work like
construction of bridges, tunnels, roads, power plants etc.
Most Recent Example is the Mumbai Metro Rail Project and
Bandra Worli Sea Link

Information Technology Projects: Setting up of Online
Portals, Database Management Systems for large firms.
National Stock Exchange by Tata Consultancy Services

Oil and Natural Gas Extraction Projects: Extracting Oil
from Sea Beds and Natural Gas from Gas Reserves also
come under Large Scale Projects. Krishna Godavri Basin
Gas Extraction by Reliance Industries.
Plan Scope Management: Developing numerous
processes and making contractors accountable.
Collect Requirements: Meeting Stakeholders to
meet the project objectives.
Work Division: Subdividing the work into smaller
and manageable components.
Validating: Supervising the progress of project and
keeping a check on it.

Project Bid Phase: In this phase the host authority invites
various firm and organisation to execute a project
according to their requirement. The host then selects the
most feasible and reasonable bidder.
Planning Phase: The BluePrint of the Project is then
created and a concrete plan is chalked out by the Planning
Project Finance: Finance may be provided by the host
outfront or in installments as the work progresses or might
be arranged by the company itself.
Design & Material Procurement: Once the Finance
is available the Design is sketched out and
material is procured by various vendors through a
tender process.
Project Execution: When all the pre requisites are
made available the execution part is carried out by
the Management and Technical Team.
Commissioning: As soon as the project is executed
the host checks whether the work has been done
Operation & Maintenance
Environmental Issues: All LSPs require
environmental clearance to have go ahead.
Project Overrun Costs: As the Projects get delayed
various other cost add on which lead the project in
Political Factors: Political Parties start pressurizing
the Authorities to finish the work as soon as
Inflation: LSPs generally require many years to
complete and given the inflation rates the project
cost also increases.
Man Power: Shortage of Man Power makes it more
difficult to execute a project in time.

Krishna Godavari Basin: The
Reliance Industries Limited
(RIL) was supposed to
relinquish 25% of the total
area outside the discoveries
in 2004 and 2005.
In 2011, the Comptroller and
Auditor General of
India (CAG) criticized the Oil
Ministry for this decision.
In May 2014, ONGC alleged
that Reliance was illegally
extracting gas from blocks
owned by ONGC in Krishna
Godavari Basin.

This project is one of the largest large scale project
in India
It is working since 2003 and reformulated in 2014
It involves no. of projects under it which include:-
i. Infrastructure
ii. Slum Rehabilitation
iii. Transport
iv. Roads
v. Sewage / Drainage System
1. Mumbai Municipal Corporation (MCGM)
2. Parallel Govt. Agencies MMRDA , MHADA, CIDCO
3. Central Govt. Agencies Airports Authority , Port
trusts , Railways
4. Private Companies Reliance , L&T

Due to the unplanned construction in the Mumbai
city the sewage and disposal systems are not
adequate and are in a poor shape
The cost of just improving the this system is $10
billion (6000 crores)

Project Name Bandra Worli Sea Link
Project Cost 6 billion

72% of Mumbais population lives in slums that is
90 lakh people.
The aim of this project is to have a cover over all the
90 lakh people by 2018.
Current govt scheme 268 Sq Ft.
Mumbai Megaproject Scheme 500 Sq Ft.
Cost of rehabilitation project - $65 billion

So this large scale project of reinventing Mumbai
Rs 300cr/day for 7 years (24x7)