TRY THIS!

1. Find the value of F.

Ans: 45N

2. Calculate the value
of m.

Ans: 25 kg
3. A 10 kg object accelerates from rest to 5 ms
-1

in 2 s. What is the net force acting on the
object?
Ans: 25 N
2.6 Analysing impulse and
impulsive force
IMPULSIVE FORCE,F
1) An impulsive force is a large
force that acts over a short
period of time during collision or
an explosion.
2) From the formula ,
=
=

=

3) Impulsive force is
 directly proportional to the change
in momentum
 inversely proportional to time.

1) Impulse is the product of an impulsive
force, F acting on an object of mass, m,
and the time of impact, t.
IMPULSE
2) From the equation,
=

= −
Impulse, Ft, is equal to the change in
momentum.
3) The SI unit of impulse is newton seconds
(N s)
1) From the formula, =

1

2) Example :
a) A glass that is dropped and lands on a
cement floor will break. As the surface of
the floor is hard, the time of impact is very
short. Therefore, impulsive force that acts
on the glass is very large.
Effect of Time on the Impulsive Force
b) If an identical glass lands on a soft
rubber mat, it might not break. The soft
surface of the rubber mat increase the
time of impact, thus reducing impulsive
force.
Situation for Reducing Impulsive force
When the athlete falls on a mattress, a the
thick and soft mattress lengthen the time
of impact. Thus, impulsive force acting on
the athlete is reduced. He is less likely to
suffer any injuries.
The parachutist bends his legs to lengthen
the time of impact of his legs with the
ground
During impact, the soft polystyrene foam
will lengthen the time of impact. This will
reduce the impulsive force acting on the
fragile goods. Thus preventing from
breaking.
Situation for Increasing Impulsive force
The pile hammer will be raised to a certain
height and then released onto the piles.
The high velocity of pile hammer and the
collision between the pile hammer and
the piles happens in a very short
time.Thus, producing large impulsive
force.

Exercise
1) A hockey player uses a hockey stick to hit a
hockey ball, causing the ball to travel with a
velocity of 30 ms
-1
. If the mass of the hockey ball
is 100g and the time of impact between the
hockey stick and the ball is 5 x 10
-3
s, calculate
the impulsive force exerted by the hockey ball.
2) A trolley with a mass of 500 g is at rest on a
smooth surface. The trolley is then given a
horizontal impulses of 5 N s. What is the velocity
of the trolley after the impact?
3) A boy with a mass of 60 kg jumps over a
fence. His velocity just before landing on the
ground is 10 ms-1. What is the impulsive force
on the boy’s legs if he
a) takes 0.5 s to stop
b) bends his legs and stops in 2.5 s