Architecture

Intro to Creating Stairways
Terms for Stairs
 Handrail
 30” high on slope
 34” high on landings
 Landings
 Flat floor area connected to stairs


Cast Concrete Stairs
Terms of Stairs
 Baluster
 Vertical member holding handrail
 Tread
 Horizontal parts of the steps
 1” to 1.25” thick
 10.5” to 11.5” deep
Terms for Stairs
 Riser
 Vertical parts of the steps
 .75” thick
 7” to 7 5/8” high
 Nosing
 Overhang of the tread
 Approximately 1”
Terms for Stairs
 Stringer
 Diagonal members, notched to hold risers
and treads
 Min. of 2 needed
 If over 3’, then 3 is needed
Terms for Stairs
 Headroom
 Minimum distance from slope to ceiling is
6’6” minimum
 Total Rise
 Floor to floor measurement
 Total Run
 Distance from front of first step to end of
last (landing to landing)
Types of Stairs
 Straight
 L
 Double L
 U
 Winder
 Spiral
 Circular
4 Rules to calculating stairs
 Slope must be 30-40 degrees
 2 risers and 1 tread=close to 25”
 1 riser X 1 tread=close to 75”
 1 riser + 1 tread=close to 17”
Procedure in Planning Step 1
 Determine the total rise (floor to floor)
 Example:
 Floor to ceiling 8’
 Ceiling ½”
 Ceiling joist 9 ¼”
 2
nd
floor sub floor ¾”
 2
nd
floor, floor ½”
 Total rise= 107”
Procedures in Planning Step 2
 Figure out NUMBER and SIZE of risers
 Divide total rise by 7 (for starters)
 Round this number to an exact # (15, 16)
 Divide this # into total rise to get actual
size of risers
Example Cont.
 107” divided by 7=15.28
 Round this number to 15 or 16
 Divide 107 by 15=7.13
 Divide 107 by 16=6.6
 This is the actual size of the risers!!!!!
Procedures in Planning Step 3
 Figure out NUMBER and SIZE of tread
 Use rule #2 to find size (around 10.5-11)
 Recheck with rule 3 and 4
 Always one less tread than riser
 # of treads x tread size must equal total
run
Things you have to calculate
 Total rise=
 Total run=
 Rise of step=
 Run of step= (tread)(10.5-11.5)
 # of risers=
 # of treads=
 Angle of stairs=
 Handrail height=
Other Steps
 4. Draw riser, tread grid pattern
 5. Darken riser, tread and nosing
 6. Draw stringer (usually 12”)
 7. Find rough opening (min 6’6”)
 8. Recheck
 Detail with balusters, handrails, etc.

Other steps
 8’10”=106”
 106 divided by 7=15.14
 Round down to 15
 106 divided by 15=7.06 actual riser height
 10.5 tread
 15 risers
 14 treads