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Circuit Breakers
• Definition
• “ Mechanical switching devices capable of
making, carrying and breaking currents
under normal and abnormal conditions


Circuit Breakers Requirements
• Opens & closes in shortest possible time
• Conducts rated current.
• Withstands thermally & mechanically any
short circuit.

• Maintains its voltage to earth across open
contacts.
• Does not create over voltages during circuit
opening
• Easy to maintain.
• Not very expensive.
Particulars of a Circuit Breaker
• Medium for arc extinction.
• Rated line voltage.
• Rated breaking current.
• Type of construction e.g outdoor,
indoor. Etc
• Type of operating mechanism
• Total breaking time.

Frequency of LTCB maint.
depends upon….
• 1. Service condition
• 2. Frequency of operation
• 3.Tripping of fault
• 4. Relative humidity
• 5. Presence of dust
• 6. Reactive gases
Circuit breakers Elements
• Main Contact
• Insulation between main contacts
• Interruption chamber
• Control, supervisory and auxiliary
devices
• Insulating link between control unit and
main contact

Circuit Breakers rating
– Rated normal current: to be carried without
temperature rise.
– Rated breaking current:
– Highest current to be interrupted
– rms of the peak value of the Asymmetrical
current.

Circuit Breakers rating
• Generally and according to voltage range, a
constant is used to multiply the short circuit

• current to obtain the breaking current
• Rated MVA = sqrt(3) * Line voltage
(kV) * breaking current (kA)

LT CIRCUIT BREAKER PARTS
• Mechanism
– Manual operation
– Electrical operation
• Pole
– Main contacts – Silver cadmium oxide
– Arcing contact – Tungsten base alloy
• Arc chute
Breaker parts cont..
• Cradle for draw out
– Service position – Main contact + control contact
– Test position - Control contact
– Isolated position – No contact
• Control box
– Closing and trip push botton
– Operating handle
– On –Off indicator
Breaker part contd..
–Built-in-release
• Magneto thermal release
–Over laod
–Short circuit
–Voltmetric release
• Under voltage release
• Shunt release
–Remote operation
–External relays
Main Parts of ACB


Breaker accessories
–Motor
–Auxiliary contacts- NO or NC
–Terminal row
–Micro switches
Mitsubishi ACB

ABB, ACB 1250 A

Heavy Industrial Breaker

Inside of ACB

Schneider Electric

Inside of the Breaker

Types of mainteance
1. preventive
2. breakdown
3. Condition based
4. Predective
INSPECTION SCHEDULE
• EVERY YEAR
1. Visual checks
2. Cleaning the insulating parts
3. Check and clean the arc chute
After short circuit clearance
Or
Every 5 yeas or 10000 operation

1. Dismantle the breaker
 check the contacts
 Tightening the bus bolt
 clean the mechanism
 replace the worn out parts
Every 5 years
• Grease & oil all the bearings, joints
& sliding faces
• Clean the auxiliary switches
• Tighten the terminals
Greasing…
• No greasing is required in dust free
& non corrosion atmosphere
• Regrease the breaker after a cycle
of 500 operations
Components to be greased
1. Rubbing surfaces in the mechanism
2. Pins
3. Roller assembly
4. Pole latch spring
5. Slotted guide
6. Crank
Recommended grades of
grease

–LITHON 2 OF H.P
–BALMEROL MOLY GREASE
ML5
Components not be greased
• All releases
• Main isolating contacts
• Earthing terminal
• Secondary isolating contacts
Important points for general
maintenance
• Isolation of circuit breaker from power & control
supply
• Discharging of spring
• Observe all the instruction
• Understand the procedure of breaker operation
• Do not use force
• Replace the cover and wire mesh after the inspection
• Oiling /greasing after cleaning only
• Use always proper tools
• Spit pins, lock washers, spring washers
should be replaced with new
• All the gaskets, o-rings & rubber washers
should be replaced with new
• Dismantled parts should be kept in safe and
dry place
• New cloth to be used for cleaning the
interrupter
• Do check the all fixing bolts
• Test through slow operation
caution
• Mechanism must be discharged
before maint
• Draw out the breaker
• Breakers must be periodically
operated
MCCB
MPCB
• Protection against over current
• Protection against short circuit
• Protection against earth fault
• Protection against single phasing
• Current Range 0.1…630 A

• UL Listed for Motor Loads

• Short Circuit Protection

• Overload Protection

• Visible Trip Indication

• High Current Limiting

• High Switching Capacity
• Key Specifications/Special Features:
• Rated current: 0.1-0.16, 0.16-0.25, 0.25-0.4,
0.4-0.63, 0.63-1, 1-1.6, 1.6-2.5, 2.5-4, 4-6.3,
6-10, 9-14, 13-18, 17-23, 20-25, 24-32A
• Rated voltage: up to 660
• Frequency: 50/60Hz

MPCB


MPCB