AIX 5L Jumpstart for UNIX

UNIT 1 Hardware
Unit 1. RS/6000 Hardware
• What this Unit is about
– This unit is an introduction to the product range, including
workstations, enterprise servers and large scale servers
• What you will learn
– You should be familiar with the RS/6000 products, their
distinctive features and uses
• Your accountability
– Checkpoint questions
– Exercises and Lab
• References
– Old link
– New link
Unit 1 RS/6000 Hardware
IBM RS/6000 Hardware History
• IBM invented RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) in 1975
• 1985 introduced the IBM RT
• First RS/6000 (POWER) shipped in 1990.
• POWER stands for Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC
• 1992 Introduces 5 new models of POWER Stations and Servers
with AIX 3.2
• 1994 adds 7 new servers and 4 client PCs
• 1996 Models G40, J40 and R40
• The IBM eServer brand was introduced in October 2000, replacing
the RS/6000 brand first launched in February 1990.
• Since October 2000, new servers with UNIX operating systems have
been introduced by the name of IBM eServer pSeries systems.
• 2005-6 pSeries systems come in various models, from tower servers
to midrange to rack-optimized and large-scale systems.
Hardware Research Links
• Hardware
• pSeries Hardware
• IBM History
• RISC History (7 pgs)
• Workstations
• Entry Servers
• Midrange Servers http://www-
• High end servers
• Power Architecture FAQ
• System Handbook 2003 (Redbook)
• Practical Guide – Sizing and Capacity Planning
• Hardware Site Planning
Power Processor Roadmap
• Bus Technology
– Early RS/6000 I/O buses were based on Micro
Channel design. Today all I/O buses are based on
Peripheral Components Interconnect (PCI)
– The Peripheral Component Interconnect standard (in
practice almost always shortened to PCI) specifies a
computer bus for attaching peripheral devices to a
computer motherboard. These devices can take the
form of:
• integrated circuits fitted on the motherboard itself (called
planar devices in the PCI specification); or
• expansion cards that fit in sockets.
SSA Adapter - Serial Storage
Architecture (SSA)
• Serial Storage Architecture (SSA) is an industry-standard interface
that provides high-performance fault-tolerant attachment of I/O
storage devices.
• In SSA subsystems, transmissions to several destinations are
multiplexed; the effective bandwidth is further increased by spatial
reuse of the individual links.
• Commands are forwarded automatically from device to device along
a loop until the target device is reached. Multiple commands can be
traveling around the loop simultaneously. SSA retains the SCSI-2
commands, queuing model, and status and sense bytes.
– SSA FAQ http://www-
– SSA Install
Adapters and Other Options
• Install by Option
• Graphics Adapters
• SCSI Adapters
Multiprocessor Architectures
• SMP – Symmetric Mult-Processing
– Processors have their own memory cache and can each address the shared
memory and all devices.
– Defined:
• NUMA Non-uniform Memory Access
– An evolution of SMP that enables scalng and performance. SMP blocks are
linked by high speed interconnects.
– Defined:
• MPP Massively Parallel Processing
– Clustered computing – shared nothing architectures. IBM RS/6000 SP (Scalable
POWERparallel) implements shared nothing architectures
– Defined:
• CMP Chip Multi-Processing
– Power5 Chip is a CMP chip
– DEFINITION: Chip multiprocessing is a CPU design that combines two or more
processor cores on a single piece of silicon (called a die) to enhance computing
performance over servers with single or multiple discrete CPUs. It's also known
as "on-chip multiprocessing" or "multiple-processor system-on-a-chip.“
RS/6000 Workstations
• Links
• Workstations http://www-
• Facts and Features http://www-
RS/6000 Servers
• Entry Servers
• Midrange Servers
– http://www-
• High end servers
– http://www-
pSeries 6nn Server Hardware
• IBM eServer pSeries 690
• IBM eServer pSeries 680 Model S85
• pSeries 660 Model 6H0 and 6H1
• IBM eServer pSeries 660 Model 6M1
• IBM eServer pSeries Model 655
• IBM eServer pSeries Model 650
• IBM eServer pSeries 640 Model B80
• IBM eServer pSeries Model 630 Model 6C4 and Model
• IBM eServer pSeries 620 Model 6F0 and 6F1
• IBM eServer pSeries 610 Model 6C1 and 6E1
IBM eServer pSeries 615 Model
6C3 and 6E3
• p615 Model 6C3 Service Access
• p615 Model 6C3 Front Bezel
• p615 Model 6C3 Short PCI
• p615 Model 6C3 Long PCI
• p615 Model 6C3 Short PCI Divider
• p615 Model 6C3 Long PCI Divider
• p615 Model 6C3 LED Light Pipe
• p615 Model 6C3 Battery
• p615 Model 6C3 System Fan
• p615 Model 6C3 Fan Tray
• p615 Model 6C3 Slimline Media
• p615 Model 6C3 SCSI Media
• p615 Model 6C3 Disk Drive
• p615 Model 6C3 Media Bay
• p615 Model 6C3 Operator Panel
• p615 Model 6C3 Memory DIMM
• p615 Model 6C3 Power Supply
• p615 Model 6C3 1.2 Volt Voltage
Regulator Module
• p615 Model 6C3 1.8 Volt Voltage
Regulator Module
• p615 Model 6C3 2.5 Volt Voltage
Regulator Module
• p615 Model 6C3 DASD Backplane
Other Servers
• RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model F80
• RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model H80
• RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model M80
• RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model S80
• RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model H
Series (Models H50 and H70)
• RS/6000 Enterprise Servers S70 and
• RS/6000 High Availability - S70
Advanced Cluster Server
• RS/6000 High Availability - HA50
Cluster Server
• RS/6000 7046 Model B50
• RS/6000 7044 44P Series Model 270
• RS/6000 7044 44P Series Model 170
• RS/6000 7043 Model 260
• RS/6000 7043 43P Series
• RS/6000 7026 H Series CPU Drawer
• RS/6000 7025 F50 Series
• RS/6000 7025 F40 Series
• RS/6000 7025 F30 Series
• RS/6000 7024 E Series
• RS/6000 7015 Models R30, R40, and
R50 CPU Enclosure
• RS/6000 7014 Series Model T00 and
T42 Rack
• RS/6000 7014 Series Model S00 Rack
• RS/6000 7013 J Series
• RS/6000 7012 300 Series
• RS/6000 7012 G Series
• IntelliStation POWER 9112 Model 265
• IntelliStation POWER 9114 Model 275
• Sign on to your AIX box
• Use lsvg to list volume groups
• Use lspv to list physical volumes
• Use lsvg –l rootvg to list the volumes in the
• Use lsps to list paging space
• Use bootinfo –r for Real Memory
• Use bootinfo –p for hardware platform
• Use bootinfo –z for processor type
• Use oslevel for OS version