 The art of constructing the building for

residential, business and other purposes,
systematically according to plan and design is
known as building construction.
 In the subject building construction
elementary knowledge of different building
techniques is given to students for
 To make them conversant with the building
techniques so that they can execute
construction work of building construction
safely according to design.
 To provide good knowledge of working
equipments used in construction of building
 To provide ability in them to distinguish
between good and bad work.
 To develop ability in them to organize and
execute construction work of building with
various agencies like contractor, consultant and

 Any structure constructed of whatever so
material and used for residential, business
and other for other purposes is called
 It includes foundation, plinth, walls, floors,
roofs etc. It provides permanent shelter to
 It may be noted that tents, tarpaulins shelter
are not considered as building.
The primary object of building is to provide
shelter to peoples.
To provide sufficient accommodation for the
purpose of which it is constructed.
To provide sufficient protection against heat
and glare of the sun.
To provides protection against thieves and
house breakers.
It should be situated at good building site
It should be properly planned and designed
to provide adequate provision for relaxation,
recreation, cooking, dinning, bathing etc.
All rooms of building should be properly
placed according to their relative utility.
It should be properly orientated so as to
provide physical comforts such as entrance of
fresh air
1. Foundation:- It is the lowest part of building
which is in contact with soil also and
responsible for transferring the super
imposed or upper load of building directly to
2. Superstructure:- The part of building above
ground level is called superstructure.
o Residential buildings
o Educational buildings
o Institutional buildings
o Assembly buildings
o Business buildings
o Industrial buildings
o Storage buildings
 The site of building generally effects its
planning, design and construction.
 The selection of site depends upon the
purpose for which the building is to be
 Following factors must kept in mind for
selection of a site for building
a. Level of the site
b. Climatic condition
c. Sub-soil conditions.
d. Availability of modern amenities.
e. Availability of other facilities.
f. Surroundings.

 the art of placing a building in such a
position so that its front faces a particular
direction is called orientation of building.
 following objects should be considered for
good orientation.
 to place the building so as to suit its
 to provides natural comforts to peoples.
 to protect the residents from dust nuisance.
 Surrounding of site.
 Availability of road or street.
 Sun path and its relative positions.
 The direction and intensity of wind.
 Intensity of rain.
 The supply of outside air into or the removal of
inside air from the rooms of different buildings is
called Ventilation of building. Following objects
are considered for good ventilation.
 To provide constant freshness of air by replacing
foul air with fresh air in the rooms of building.
 To remove the unpleasant odor due to humidity.
 To check the breeding of bacteria by continuous
change in air.
 Natural Method:- In this method ventilation is
provided generally by fixing doors and
windows in the opposite walls of building.
 Artificial Method:- In this method, ventilation
of building is done artificially by providing
either exhaust fans or pushing fans.