WELCOME

TO
UNIVERSAL CULTURE


THE
STUDENTS OF SYBMM
PRESENTED BY
PROJECT INVOLVES
 MUZAFFAR
 ZAREEN
 AFREEN
 SIMMIN
 YAKUB
 MEHRAN
 KAVITA


WHAT

IS

HOMOSEXUALITY


Term “HOMO” Means
same.
Homosexuality means
interest or physical
attraction towards the
member of same sex.



 Psychologists in the 19th and 20th
centuries, most of whom classified
homosexuality as a form of mental
illness

 homosexual activity was a frequent
pattern in adolescence, among both
males and females.



 Homosexuality has existed throughout
human history, all across the world. It
has nothing to do with East, West,
North, South or any other arbitrary
distinctions that we humans invent.







Who are gays

?

Sexual interest in and
attraction to members of
one's own sex.

The term gay is frequently
used as a synonym for
homosexual.

“GAY ”

 The term gay (ge?) was originally used, until
well into the mid-20th century, primarily to
refer to feelings of being "carefree",
"happy", or "bright and showy"; it had also
come to acquire some connotations of
"immorality" as early as 1637.
 The term later began to be used in
reference to homosexuality, in particular,
from the early 20th century, a usage that
may have dated prior to the 19th century.

 In modern English, gay has come to
be used as an adjective, and
occasionally as a noun, that refers to
the people, practices, and culture
associated with homosexuality.


 By the end of the 20th century the word
gay was recommended by major style
guides to describe people attracted to
members of the same sex.


 At about the same time, a new, pejorative
use was visible in some parts of the world.
Controversies on gay culture
 There is some debate among the people
about ,whether gay culture really exists,
and whether it is worthwhile. Some argue
that this makes the idea of a culture
meaningless.
 In most of Africa, Asia, and Latin America,
both the subject and the behaviour are
considered taboo, with some slight
exception made in urban areas.


 At different times and in different cultures,
homosexual behaviour has been variously
apprbanned.

 In oved of, tolerated, punished, and most
of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, both the
subject and the behaviour are considered
taboo, with some slight exception made in
urban areas.

 Even in India many religious
believer were discriminating the
gay culture .

 Many gays began to demand equal
treatment in employment practices,
housing, and public policy.
 In response to their activism, many
jurisdictions enacted laws banning
discrimination against homosexuals, and
an increasing number of employers.


Gay rights (section 377)
 India’s Delhi High Court issued a ruling
about Section 377 of the Indian Penal
Code July 2, marking a historic day for
the country’s gay population.

 Section 377 has not been overturned; it
has been "read down" so that
consensual homosexual sex is no
longer criminalized.

 Chief Justice A. P. Shah and Justice S.
Muralidhar declared Section 377, as it
pertains to consensual sex among people
above the age of 18, in violation of
important parts of India’s Constitution.
“Consensual sex amongst adults is legal,
which includes even gay sex and sex
among the same sexes,”


 The old law violates Article 14 of the
Constitution, which guarantees all
people “equality before the law;”
Article 15, which prohibits
discrimination “on grounds of religion,
race, caste, sex or place of birth;” and
Article 21, which guarantees
“protection of life and personal liberty.
Atlanta Pride...........................USA



Birmingham Pride.................England




 Brisbane Pride........................Australia

 Cape Town Pride...................South Africa


Moscow Pride...................Russia

 A eunuch is a castrated human male.

 The English word eunuch is from the Greek
eune ("bed") and ekhein ("to keep"),
effectively "bed keeper.“





 If a child is born with any deformity of
the genitals they are destined to join
the eunuchs,.
 Most eunuchs are transsexuals who
have had the operation voluntarily.
 Even some people die as a result of
the operation.
 An excellent book called "Neither
Male nor Female" describes the life
of the transsexual eunuchs.

 The Ancient Indian refers eunuchs as a
people of a "third sex" .


 In ancient China castration was both a
traditional punishment and a means of
gaining employment in the Imperial service.

 Eunuchs were also known in India and
throughout the East.

 Practice was also well established in Europe
among the Greeks and Romans, although
only rarely for court functionaries as in Asia.


EUNUCHS IN INDIA
 It has been estimated that there are at least
a million eunuchs in India.

 India is the only country where the tradition
of eunuchs is prevalent today.


 They are known as eunuchs, and make their
livings as beggars, prostitutes and by removing
"bad luck".

 Nobody wants to be accosted by one of them.

Profession
 Visitors to India can frequently see groups
of gaudily dressed eunuchs outside large
railway stations. They beg for money and, if
you refuse, you will be loudly cursed.
 Removing bad luck also provides part of
their income.
 When a house is built, the owners will
frequently employ a eunuch to dance in each
room to take away any potential bad luck.


 Groups of eunuchs also turn up uninvited at
weddings and dance around the guests.

 During the last few years they have found a
new way of making money. In a crowded
country like India it is very difficult for young
couples to have time all by themselves.
 They find secluded parts of public parks to
cuddle and perhaps make love. The eunuchs
search out these young couples out and
demand money to leave.

 Even eunuchs have already won elections and
entered the field of politics.
 Even they are famous for their character in many
movies & reality shows too.

Style
 Their face is their fortune. Caked in cheap
rouge, kajal, powder and lipstick, they dress
in ill-fitting blouses and colourful saris in a
grotesque parody of womanhood as they
roam the busy marketplaces in groups.

 With male voices shouting expletives, palms
meeting crossways in a trademark clap.

 The community has a complex network
system, which informs them of every happy
event in the neighbourhood. No sooner has
a baby been born in the family that a tinkle of
ankle-bells herald the arrival of the Eunuchs

Culture,Traditions & Celebrations
 An `operation' as eunuchs call it, is cause
for huge celebrations in the community.
 If a baby been is born in the family they sing
and dance and create a commotion outside
the house until the mother has allowed them
to look at the baby. Once they have blessed
the child they demand sums of money

 If a male is converted in to a eunuchs It is
performed out of doors, and feasts, song
and dance are rituals that attend the event,
which is orchestrated by the head of the
community known as Gurus.

 Some or many eunuchs pray to the goddess
“yallamma”.
 To celebrate the annual’Bhujaria' festival,
hordes of eunuchs danced through the
streets of India's central Bhopal.
 Dancing and singing, eunuchs
carried'Bhujaria' or wheat crops over their
head.
 Eunuchs were requested by the king to hold
prayers to please the rain God.