Submitted by
Athira v krishnan
Physical Science
Submitted to
Bini teacher
BMMII Training College

Informal learning is organized differently from formal learning. The individual does
not live in a vaccum ; he is consistently under the influence of his surroundings.
Informal learning is a persistent and pervasive ongoing phenomena of learning via
participation or learning via knowledge creation. It is a naturally occurring process.
Museums, Planetarium and Historical Monuments have
special places in the informal learning process. They make curiosity among pupil and
the learning become more interactive and interesting. Pupil get direct experience
from them. It create high observation skill and positive attitude among pupil.



Loure museum in France Mysore museum


Museum of Paris Museum at Trivandrum

Museum present a different context for learning, often described as free
choice for learning environments visited by a broad range of people. Museums have
the opportunity to shape identities: through access to objects, knowledge and
information. Visitors can see themselves and their culture reflected in different ways.
Museums are an important part of a broad educational framework, complementing
other forms of learning, therefore they ―...need to be understood and promoted as
integral parts of a society wide learning infrastructure

Museums are designs for learning. Whether intentionally or not, museums
embody views about what's worth learning, and the way that artworks, objects, and
historical material are presented—from exhibitions to architecture to wall texts—embody
views about how learning happens. This in itself is nothing new: museums have always
been designed with edification in mind. Historically, museum education departments have
been the only place where visitor learning is explicitly considered—and often only after
exhibitions have been fully designed—despite the fact that beliefs about learning are
present in all aspects of museum offerings and at all stages of exhibition design. For the
last decade or so, there has been a change afoot. As museums broaden their missions
and search for new constituencies, learning is becoming a fresh and central concern for
institutions as a whole, from curators to designers to directors. Across all departments,
museums are increasingly seeing themselves as settings of learning theory in action.
museums are especially well suited to design visitor experiences that emphasize two
general features of effective learning. One feature is active learning, which concerns the
manner in which people engage with a learning experience. Another feature is personal
agency, which considers the ways in which learners take charge of their own learning

Inside views of Planetarium
Planetariums are useful cognitive tools for people learning about the night
sky, apparent celestial motion, and even deep space. They can accelerate motions and
changes in the sky, making them more apparent and easier to understand. With their
ability to show the night sky accurately during the day, they are also convenient for teacher
to teach astronomy while being constrained by normal school hours. As a result of the
space race of the 1960s and America’s desire to compete in science fields, planetarium
have traditionally been situated in schools where students could easily visit multiple times
a year. These are becoming less prevalent each year due to budget cuts, making single
field trip visits to planetarium the more common means of accessing their benefits.
However, how to best utilize planetarium as informal, especially when combined formal
astronomy instruction, is not well understood.


Beyond astronomy learning it is incorporated with other science subjects, they are…

1. Mathematics.
There is no better place to present a lesson on circles and spheres in the geometry
curriculum than the planetarium. Celestial navigation can enhance the study of
2. Social science
Physical geography concepts of longitude , latitude , and climatic changes at
different latitudes can be vividly illustrated in the planetarium.
3. Language Arts.
Creative writing in the stimulating planetarium environment, where poetry and music
can be combined with sky views, can be effective in unleashing student potential.
Classical mythology more meaningful when presented in coordination with at least
one planetarium lesson on mythology of the constellations.

Additional Value in Planetarium Learning:

1. Student observing, hypothesizing, and drawing/plotting skills can
bedeveloped with appropriate activities.
2. Right-brain hemisphere capabilities in all students can be developed –
spatial imagery can improve in left brain dominant students.
3. Students with learning disabilities in reading have a chance to succeed in
visual-aural techniques of the planetarium environment.
4. Students become interested in their school work, when tied to the
planetarium visit, and express a desire to know more about
many topics (history, math, science). This is the experience of many
planetarium teachers who have had feedback from classroom teacher


Eiffel tower in Paris
Big ben in Rome
Lotus Temple in India Tajmahal in India
Real historic monuments generate excitement and
curiosity about the people who lived there and the events that occurred there. From
ancient ruins, homes of presidents and poets, and battlefields that comprise national
parks, to the main streets, factories, and farms listed in the National Register of
Historic Places because they make a state or community special, places grab our
attention. They offer experiences and information that help make the past real for
anyone who visits or studies them. Rooted in this certainty, Teaching with Historic
Places promotes places as effective tools for enlivening traditional classroom
Teaching with Historic Places lesson plans turn students into historians as they
study primary sources, historical and contemporary photographs and maps, and
other documents, and then search for the history around them in their own
communities. They enjoy a historian's sense of discovery as they learn about
the past by actively examining places to gather information, form and test
hypotheses, piece together "the big picture," and bridge the past to the present.
By seeking out nearby historic places, students explore the relationship of their
own community's history to the broader themes that have shaped this country.


Informal learning is a type of learning which give real experiences to the pupil. It
can takes place in different ways. In museum, planetarium, historical monuments
pupil get first hand information. They widens the depth of knowledge and develop
inspirational value among pupil .It provide the cultural aspects of the nations, space