LecturePLUS Timberlake 1

Chapter 1

Measurements
Problem Solving Using Conversion
Factors/Dimensional Analysis
LecturePLUS Timberlake 2
Initial and Final Units
A person has a height of 2.0 meters. What is that
height in inches?
Initial unit = m Final unit = _______
1 m = 39.37 in
LecturePLUS Timberlake 3

How many minutes are in 2.5 hours?

Initial unit
2.5 hr
Conversion Final
factor unit
2.5 hr x 60 min = 150 min
1 hr

cancel Answer (2 SF)





LecturePLUS Timberlake 4
Learning Check
A rattlesnake is 2.44 m long. How long is the
snake in cm?

1) 2440 cm
2) 244 cm
3) 24.4 cm

LecturePLUS Timberlake 5
Solution
A rattlesnake is 2.44 m long. How long is the
snake in cm?
2) 244 cm

2.44 m x 100 cm = 244 cm
1 m

LecturePLUS Timberlake 6

Learning Check

How many seconds are in 1.4 days?

Unit plan: days hr min seconds

1.4 days x 24 hr x ??
1 day
LecturePLUS Timberlake 7

Solution CF2

Unit plan: days hr min seconds


2 SF Exact
1.4 day x 24 hr x 60 min x 60 sec
1 day 1 hr 1 min

= 1.2 x 10
5
sec
LecturePLUS Timberlake 8
Unit Check
What is wrong with the following setup?

1.4 day x 1 day x 60 min x 60 sec
24 hr 1 hr 1 min


LecturePLUS Timberlake 9
Unit Check

1.4 day x 1 day x 60 min x 60 sec
24 hr 1 hr 1 min


Units = day
2
/hr
2
Not the final unit needed

LecturePLUS Timberlake 10

Learning Check
An adult human has 4650 mL of blood. How
many gallons of blood is that?

Unit plan: mL qt gallon

Equalities: 1 quart = 946 mL
1 gallon = 4 quarts

Your Setup:

LecturePLUS Timberlake 11
Solution

Unit plan: mL qt gallon

Setup:
4650 mL x 1 qt x 1 gal = 1.23 gal
946 mL 4 qt
3 SF 3 SF exact 3 SF

LecturePLUS Timberlake 12
Steps to Problem Solving
 Read problem
 Identify data
 Write down a unit plan from the initial unit
to the desired unit
 Select conversion factors
 Change initial unit to desired unit
 Cancel units and check
 Do math on calculator
 Give an answer using significant figures
LecturePLUS Timberlake 13
Learning Check
If the ski pole is 3.0 feet in length, how long is
the ski pole in mm?




LecturePLUS Timberlake 14
Solution
3.0 ft x 12 in x 2.54 cm x 10 mm =
1 ft 1 in. 1 cm


LecturePLUS Timberlake 15
Learning Check
If your pace on a treadmill is 65 meters per
minute, how many seconds will it take for you to
walk a distance of 8450 feet?

LecturePLUS Timberlake 16
I nitial
8450 ft x 12 in. x 2.54 cm x 1 m
1 ft 1 in. 100 cm

x 1 min x 60 sec = 2400 sec
65 m 1 min
final (2 SF)
Solution