INTRODUCTION

Nursing is one of the fast growing professions in the health care field Nursing Council Act
came to existence in 1948 to constitute a council of nurses to safeguard the quality of nursing
education in the country.

There are six levels of nursing education in India today. They are:
 Multi-Purpose Health Worker Female training (ANM or MPHW-F)
 Female Health Supervisor training (HV or MPHS-F)
 General nursing and midwifery (GNM)
 BSc. Nursing
 MSc. nursing
 MPhil and PhD

Issues in nursing education
 Lack of qualified teaching faculty
 Inadequate infrastructure
 External pressure
 Lack of enough good role models
 Lack of financial independence
 Lack of promotion
 Lack of coordination
 Lack of inter professional collaboration

INTRODUCTION
Nursing a professional that the name of Florence Nightingale is indeed one of
the noblest professions in the world .It is the art of caring for sick people with the
science of health care. It is a component of any form of medical care. It means
opportunities for a nurse to develop her own career in nursing.
There was a time when professional nurses had very little choice of service because
nursing was mostly cantered in the hospital and bedside nursing. Many nurses served
as staff nurses only with practically no chance of change or promotion

THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR A NURSE CAN BE SET AS:
1. Hospital Nursing Services
2. In School of Nursing.
3. In college of Nursing.
4. In Community Health Nursing.
5. Nursing service in Industry.
Cont.…..
6. Nursing service as private duty nurse.
7. Nursing service in the Red Cross society.
8. Nursing service for military personnel.
9. Nursing service abroad.
10. Opportunities for male nurses.
NURSING EDUCATION CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
Nursing education careers continue to boom as healthcare enters a new era
of change. The rise in nursing education career opportunities is fuelled by
the strong demand for experienced, well-trained nurses. Careers in nursing
will expand much faster than the average for all occupations through 2018.
And as healthcare facilities seek to hire new nurses, the need for qualified
nurse educators is stronger than ever.
CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA:
Addictions Nursing Career.
1.Addictions Nurse: Addictions nurses provide care for patients seeking help with
addictions such as alcohol, drugs or tobacco.
Where they work:
Hospitals, Outpatient Facilities and Community Care Centres.
Qualifications:
Addiction Nurses need to qualify as a Registered Nurse (RN).

AMBULATORY CARE NURSING CAREER / EDUCATION
Ambulatory Care Nurse: Ambulatory Care Nurses are registered nurses who provide preventive care and
treat patients with a wide variety of illnesses and injuries.
Where they work:
Ambulances, Day Surgery Units, Ambulatory Care Surgeries, Physicians Offices, Community Centres,
Schools, Workplaces, Home Care and in Clinics.
Qualifications:
Ambulatory Care Nurses are qualified Registered Nurses (RN), with a minimum of two years experience.


CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION LAB NURSING CAREER
Cardiac Catheterization Lab Nurse:
Cardiac Catheterization Lab Nurse’s, are Registered Nurses working in the field of diagnosis of heart
disease.
Where they work:
Hospitals and Clinics. Intensive Care Units (ICU), Coronary Care Units (CCU) or Cardiovascular
Catheterization Laboratories (CCL) depending on the hospital or clinic.
Qualifications:
Cardiac Catheterization Lab Nurse’s are qualified Registered Nurses and need to have an advanced
understanding of cardiac anatomy and physiology.


CERTIFIED NURSE ASSISTANT (CNA) CAREER

Certified Nurse Assistant: Certified Nurse Assistants (CNAs) provide basic nursing
duties under the supervision of a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) or Registered Nurse
(RN).



CERTIFIED NURSE MIDWIFE CAREER

Certified Nurse Midwife:
A Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM) is a registered nurse with additional training in delivering babies and
providing prenatal and postpartum care to women.
Where they work:
Hospitals and work in patient’s homes, clinics, birthing centres, schools and community centres.
Qualifications:
To become a Certified Nurse Midwife, the nurse must first qualify as registered nurse.



CRITICAL CARE NURSING – CAREER EDUCATION

Critical Care Nurse:
Critical Care Nurses are registered nurses who work mostly in Intensive Care Units (ICU’s) in hospitals.
Where they work:
Hospitals, nursing schools, outpatient surgery centres.
Qualifications:
Critical care nurses must first qualify as registered nurses. Although not mandatory, most critical care nurses
choose to complete a critical-care training course. These programs consist of a written examination, extensive
continuing education and clinical experience.


DIABETES MANAGEMENT NURSING CAREER
Diabetes Management Nurse:
Diabetes Management Nurses are registered nurses who assist patients to manage diabetes.
Where they work:
Diabetes Management Nurses can work in hospitals, outpatient clinics and often travel to hold clinics in
regional areas.
Qualifications:
Diabetes Management Nurses are qualified registered nurses




HOLISTIC NURSING CAREER INFORMATION
HOLISTIC NURSE:
Holistic nursing is now more widely accepted and recognized than ever
before.
WHERE THEY WORK:
Works In Hospitals, Acupuncture Clinics, Holistic Clinics, Home Health, Health
Farms.
QUALIFICATIONS:
Certified In Holistic Nursing, Must Complete Healing Arts Program.
HNC(holistic Nursing Certification) Provided By American Holistic Nurses.
HOME HEALTHCARE NURSE CAREERS
Home Health Care Nurse: Home Health Care Nursing is a growing area, as more and more patients
prefer to receive care in their own homes.
Where they work:
Hospital settings, nursing homes, along with travelling to patients homes.
Qualifications:
To become a certified home health care nurse, the nurse will need to study an academic program in home
care. Many nursing institutions work closely with home health agencies placing qualified nurses in
suitable positions


HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE CARE NURSING CAREER
Hospice and Palliative Care Nurse:
Hospice and palliative care nurses are registered nurses who work in collaboration with other
community and health care providers e.g. social workers, physicians .
Where they work:
Hospice and Palliative Care Nurses work in many locations including Hospitals, Nursing Homes and
Hospices. They can also visit patients in their own homes.
Qualifications:
Hospice nurses must first qualify as registered nurses, and gain two years full time experience as a
registered nurse in a hospice environment.

INTELLECTUAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES NURSING CAREERS
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Nurse:
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (I/DD) , are nurses who provide care for patients
suffering from a number of intellectual and developmental disabilities
Where they work:
Hospitals, Schools, Worksites, and Primary Care Centres in the community.
Qualifications:
Registered Nurses can gain Certification in Developmental Disabilities Nursing (CDDN). To certify
the nurse must provide documentation for 4,000 hours (2 years full-time) work in a developmental
disabilities nursing practice.

MEDICAL SURGICAL NURSING CAREER
Medical surgical nurses are registered nurses who provide health care to
patients undergoing surgical procedures. Medical surgical nurses also care for a
patients physical and psychological health.
WHERE THEY WORK:
Medical surgical nurses can work in hospitals, acute care units, long-term care
facilities, outpatient clinics and home care settings.
QUALIFICATIONS:
RN License, Two Years Experience As RN, 1 Full Year Experience In Medical
Surgical.
ONCOLOGY NURSING CAREER

Oncology Nursing: Oncology Nurses are qualified registered nurses who provide healthcare for
patients with cancer. Oncology Nurses assist the oncologist/radiologist with the administration of
radiation and chemotherapy.
Where they work:
Hospitals education, screening, detection and healthcare in relation to cancer. This includes hospitals,
hospices, clinics and community care settings.
Qualifications:
The Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) offers four certification examinations for registered nurses, all
are accredited by the American Nurses Credentialing Centre's Commission on Accreditation.


PAEDIATRIC NURSING CAREER

Paediatric Nurse Practitioner: A paediatric nurse practitioner is a registered
nurse and nurse practitioner with advanced training in paediatrics. Paediatric
nurses provide healthcare to infants, children and adolescents.
Where they work:
Paediatric Nurse Practitioners can work in many settings including large
hospitals, community centres, nursing homes, children’s hospitals and schools.
Qualifications:
To apply to a Paediatric Nurse Practitioner Program, the nurse must first be a
qualified Registered Nurse with several years’ experience. Preferably the nurse
will have experience working with children. As with all advance practice
nursing specialties, Paediatric Nurse Practitioner Programs are two years in
duration.













PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING CAREERS

Public Health Nurse: Public Health Nurses provide a range of health care services to
the community. Public Health Nurses are usually based in community health centres
and are assigned to cover specific geographical areas.
Where they work: Public health nurses are assigned to cover a specific geographical
area. They travel to patients’ homes, schools, community centres, and other healthcare
facilities within this area. Public health nurses can work in public health departments,
home health agencies, and ambulatory care clinics.
Qualifications: To become certified as a Public/Community Health Nurse must be a
qualified registered nurse with a minimum of 2 years relevant work experience.

PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT
DEFINITION:
“Continuing professional advancement is defined as by which members of
profession maintain their knowledge , skills & develop in their qualities
professional lives. conscious updating of professional knowledge &the
improvement of professional competence throughout a person working life.’’


OBJECTVES OF PROFESSIONALADVANCEMENT
To enhance professional growth &development.
To provide recognition for professional contributions
To encourage involvement of bedside nurses in decision that enhances patient
care outcomes
To provide motivation for direct care nurses to pursue higher education,
certification & other professional achievements



BENIFITS:


1. Allows maturity &confidence to develop in practice
2. It allows the development of expertise & the refinement of skills
3.it allows the nursing workforce to be responsive to change in the management
of patient & in meeting emerging care needs
4.It supports role success a job satisfaction


THE PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT MODEL

Model Components
The Professional Advancement Model contains four roles:
1. Clinical Nurse I (CN I);
2. Clinical Nurse II (CN II);
3. Senior Clinical Nurse I (SCN I), and
4. Senior Clinical Nurse II (SCN II).

PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT MODEL
OVERVIEW
Hiring Criteria:
 A nurse with less than 12 months of experience will be hired as a
Clinical Nurse I.
 A nurse with greater than 12 months of experience will be hired into the
roles for which they can show evidence of meeting that role’s qualifications
(minimum role for a nurse with greater than 12 months experience is CNII).

Cont.…..
Promotion Criteria:
 A nurse may apply for a promotion after successfully passing the probationary period.
 A nurse cannot be in the discipline process when applying for a promotion.
 A nurse may apply for advancement to Senior Clinical Nurse I or Senior Clinical Nurse II when
meeting the requirements of the role
 Applicant’s manager must endorse application.
 Director must endorse SCN II applications.




ROLE OF NURSING EDUCATION
• Nursing education is the professional education for the preparation of nurses to enable them to render
professional nursing care to people of all ages, in all phases of health and illness, in a variety of
settings.
• Nursing education impart scientific and up to date knowledge in the area of medical, social, behavioural
and biological sciences.
• Nursing education helps the nurses to inculcate the appropriate nursing skills and the right attitude to
the students. Theoretical and practical knowledge is essential for rendering intelligent and efficient
nursing care.
• Nursing education prepare nurses as good leaders to provide qualitative care.
• Nursing education helps to implement health care programmed and health care services in community.

CONT...
• Nursing education helps to improve the professional development of each nurse and their
profession.
• Nursing education helps the nurse to develop as a person of self-awareness, self-direction,
and self-motivation through curricular and extra-curricular activities.
• Nursing education prepares nurses in participating scientific nursing research investigations,
its results will be added up to the body of nursing knowledge.
• Nursing education inculcates democratic values, e.g. Respect to individuality, equality,
toleration, co-operative living, faith in change.

CONT...
• Nursing education enable the nurses to co-operate with team members who
re engaged in health and welfare work.
• Nursing education enable the nurse to understand the functioning of body and mind
in health and disease.
• Nursing education prepares the individual to earn his/her livelihood and make
himself/herself self-sufficient and efficient economically and socially.


SCOPE OF NURSING EDUCATION

• Increase in health consciousness in India, the quality of health services has also improved.
So, skilled and specialized nurses can get excellent employment opportunities in government
or private hospitals Nurses can also get employment in clinics, nursing homes, orphanages,
old age homes, industries, military services, schools and other places.
• Nurses can get specialized duties like taking care of patients in psychiatry, obstetric and
other sections.
• Nursing education provides the scope in teaching, supervising and higher level of
administration.

CONT...
• Nursing education has great scope for male nurses. They are valuable in activities of
professional organizations where travel is necessary.
• Nursing has great scope in abroad. They can find jobs in specialized field like
surgical, medical, ICU, CCU and Emergency Room (ER)
• Nurses get high pay packet in abroad.
• Nurses get many opportunities for studying and settling there in abroad.


JOURNALS:

• 1. Health Action, Career Opportunities in nursing. Mrs.Nahomi
Clement.(2011) .pp-15 to 17
• 2. Health Acton, the Beginning of Nursing in India. Sunitha Calvin.(2011).pp-
4 to 6