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PRESENTED BY:SECTION ’B’ Lawi Anupam 0811091 Rohit Singh Bhadauriya - 0811103 Sanjay Kumar Singh 0811107 Sheikh Rozal Anaf 0811111 Vinita Srivastava 0811129
GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS VISAKHAPATNAM
SOUTH-EAST ASIA Overview
South east Asia is a subregion of Asia consisting of countries that are geographically south of China,east of India and north of Australia. It lies on the intersection of geological plates, with heavy seismic and volcanic activity. It consists of two geographic regions- Asian mainland and Maritime south east Asia ( Malay Archipelagoes) to the east and south east with 11 countries.
South East Asia is geographically divided into two regions,namely Mainland Southeast Asia (or Indochina) and the Maritime Southeast Asia (or the Malay Archipelago). Mainland Southeast Asia includes: Cambodia Laos Myanmar Thailand Vietnam Maritime Southeast Asia includes: Brunei East Timor Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore The eastern parts of Indonesia and East Timor (east of Wallace Line) are considered to be geographically parts of Oceania. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India are considered part of South East Asia. Like Vietnam, Hainan Island and several other southern Chinese regions such as Yunnan and Guangxi can sometimes be considered both East Asian and South East Asian.
Area Population Density Countries Territories GDP
4,523,000 km² 568,300,000 126 per km² 11 13 $900 billion (exchange rate) $2.8 trillion (purchasing power parity)
GDP per capita $1,584 (exchange rate) $4,927 (purchasing power parity) Languages Indonesian, Filipino, Vietnamese, Thai, Burmese, Malay, Khmer, Lao, Tetum, Nicobarese, Mandarin, English, Tamil, Portuguese, Bengali, Hindi, Malayalam, Punjabi, Telugu, Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, Bikol, Waray-Waray, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Arabic, Spanish, Javanese, Sundanese, Madura, Cantonese, Min, Taiwanese (Min Nan), and many others UTC +9:00 (Indonesia) to UTC +5:30 (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
Southeast Asia has an area of approx. 4,000,000 km² (1.6 million square miles). As of 2004, more than 593 million people lived in the region, more than a fifth of them (125 million) on the Indonesian island of Java, the most densely populated large island in the world. The distribution of the religions and people is diverse in Southeast Asia and varies by country. Pie chart showing the distribution of population among the nations of Southeast Asia and among the islands of Indonesia
COUNTRY AREA (SQ.KM) POPULATION LANGUAGE GDP (billion $) POLITICAL CURRENCY SYSTEM
Brunei an Malay Indonesian
Absolute Islamic sultanate
Presidential Rupiah Republic
Federal Ringit Constitutiona l Monarchy
COUNTRY AREA (SQ.KM) POPULATION LANGUAGE GDP(Billion$) POLITICAL SYSTEM CURRENCY
Tetum Portugese Khmer
Parliamentary Republic Constitutional Monarchy
Unitary Presidential constitutional republic
COUNTRY AREA (SQ.KM) POPULATION LANGUAGE GDP(Billion POLITICAL $) SYSTEM CURRENCY
Parliamentary Singapore Republic Dollar
Parliamentary Baht Democracy Socialist Republic Dong
Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, clay, limestone, coal, salt, gemstones and limited gold and silver deposits. Timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones. Fish, deepwater ports. Phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, iron ore, tin, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium, tungsten, apatite, graphite, mica Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite.
LAOS SINGAPORE VIETNAM MALAYSIA
Myanmar Thailand Brunei E.Timor Indonesia Philippines
Petroleum, natural gas, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower. Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land. Crude oil and natural gas. Petroleum, natural gas, gold, manganese ores, marble. Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver. Timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper.
PORTS The Georgia Ports OCEANS Indian Ocean North Pacific Ocean SEAS South China Sea Philippine sea Andaman Sea Java Sea Timor Sea Banda Sea Aratura Sea Celebes sea Bay of Bengal STRAITS Malacca Straits:- Between Sumatra and the Malay peninsula GULFS Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin
IMPORTANT RAIL LINKS
The only railway line into Southeast Asia is between Vietnam and China, and consequently on to Russia and even Europe. There are no connections between Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries yet, although there are plans for links through both Cambodia and Myanmar onward to the existing Thailand-Malaysia network. Thailand has the most extensive network, with relatively frequent and economical and generally reliable services. The networks in Indonesia and Myanmar are more limited decrepit and perhaps best experienced for their nostalgic value. Cambodia's railways were badly hit by the civil war and have been going downhill ever since. India is planning a rail link with Myanmar. Vietnam and China reopened rail links in February, 17 years after they were closed as the two countries fought a border war.
Geo strategic importance of south east Asia for India
Strategic location of Singapore Oil and gas resources in many countries like Brunei and East Timor Influence of china in the region
Petroleum products both crude and refined ,gems jewelry ,precious stone ,electrical machinery and spare parts , transport equipment.
Electronic, chemicals ,transport equipments, printed books, metal ores and scraps.
Transport machinery, food Palm oil, mineral fuel, items like meat , non-basmati electronic goods. rice and sugar.
Gemstones mainly diamond and emeralds , pharmaceutical products, vegetables ,yarn ,fibers, metal waste scrap .manu,it
Polymers of ethylene and propylene, radiobroadcast and T.V receivers, iron and steel products.
Refined petroleum products , Crude palm oil ,coal , rice ,wheat, sugar, Iron and petroleum and paper steel products ,motorproducts. vehicles , banking ,steel , automobile , software
Pharmaceuticals ,plastics, machinery and equipment, steel , textile machines and fabrics ,chemicals , wheat ,spices ,lubricant oil etc
Natural rubber, artificial resins , tea-essentials , cosmetic preparation , chemical material , raw silk, wood and it`s products etc.
INDIA`S FOREIGN POLICY AND RELATIONS
Diplomatic relation established in 1965. In 2002 Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement was done. In 2006 India was Singapore`s 12th largest trading partner of business upto $19.9 billion . In 9 October, 2007, a bilateral agreement has been signed for the Conduct of Joint Military Training and Exercises in India between the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) and the Indian Air Force (IAF).
Diplomatic relation established in 1957. Deterioration in bilateral relations in 2003 . India and Malaysia signed a MoU on Defence Cooperation in 1993. In 2004 ,5 agreement in cooperation signed on IT between NASSCOM (India) and PIKCOM.
Diplomatic relation since independence of India. Bilateral tries have been revitalized by the complementary nature of “Look east ” ”Look West” policies. First remarkable interaction started in1986 during visit of Rajiv Gandhi. F DI inflow is around US$ 77.6 million. In 2007 the Thai PM paid visit to India that contributed to breaking the deadlock in India-Thailand.
First trade agreement in 1978. Indonesia is currently India's third largest trading partner in Southeast Asia. With bilateral trade valued at US$6.55 billion. Indian investors hold around US$ 1.5 billion assests with annual output of US$1-1.5 billion In the first quarter of 2008, trade $2.34 billion, a year-on-year increase of 74.61 percent from $1.34 billion.
Bilateral Trade Agreement was signed in 1978, a revised version of which came into being on 8th March, 1997 in New Delhi during the visit of the Vietnamese Prime Minister to India. A Joint Declaration on the Comprehensive Cooperation in the 21st Century between India and Vietnam was signed .during the visit to India by General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam H.E. Mr. Nong Duc Manh in April-May 2003.
INDIA’S TRADE WITH
INDONESIA MALAYSIA SINGAPORE THAILAND VIETNAM
Points To Discuss
Bilateral Trade Investments, Joint ventures and projects India’s Export Indonesia’s Export Impact on both the Countries
INDONESIA MALAYSIA PHILIPPINES SINGAPORE THAILAND
MARKET FOR INDIA SINCE 1970 TOTAL INVESTMENT US$ 800 MAJOR COMPANIES LIKE:BAJAJ,TATA AUTO,ADITYA BIRLA GROUP,BOMBAY DYEING,GOKAK INDUSTRIES,BHEL,PUNJ LLYODS,KEC INTERNATIONAL
SECTORS:AUTOMOBILE,BANKING,HEALTHCARE,OIL AND GAS,AGRICULTURE,IT,PHARMACEUTICAL
INDIA HAS LARGEST INVESTMENTS 61 JOINT VENTURES IN SECTORS RANGING FROM PALM OIL REFINING,POWER,CIVIL CONSTRUCTION,RAILWAYS,TRAINING,IT 67 IT COMPANIES INCLUDING INFOSYS AND TCS 20 MANUFACTURING COMPANIES
INDIA MORE LIKELY TO INVEST IN PHILIPINESE COMPANIES PHILIPPINES SECOND LARGEST OUTSOURCING NATION MAJOR INVESTMENT IN IT AND ITES COMPANIES LIKE WIPRO,SATYAM,INFOSYS
3000 REGISTERED INDIAN COMPANIES INITIALLY STARTED WITH TRADING AND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE 1034 COMPANIES HAVE HEADQUARTERS IN SINGAPORE MAJOR COMPANIES ARE FROM IT SECTOR OTHER SINGNIFICANT SECTOR IS PHARMACEUTICAL
AGREEMENT OF PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF INVESTMENT 10 JULY 2000 MAJOR INVESTMENT IN SECTORS LIKE:BIOTECHNOLOGY,FINANCE AND BANKING , HEALTHCARE , INFRASTUCTURE DEVELOPMENT,SPACE TECHNOLOGY,EDUCATION
BRUNEI COMBODIA INDONESIA LAOS MALAYSIA MYANMAR PHILIPINES SINGAPORE THAILAND VIETNAM
PEOPLE OF INDIAN ORIGIN
Buddhist Indian Indonesian, Tamil Diaspora
7600 300 55,000 125
Malaysian Indian,Chitty,Tamil Diaspora Burnese Indians,Myanmar Indian Muslims,Anglo Indian Indian Filipino, Filipinos Of Indian Descent
2,400,000 2,000,000 125,000
Indian Singaporean, Tamil Diaspora 3,20,000 Buddhist, Tamil Diaspora Vietnam Indian Muslims
Manorama year book 2008 Overview- wikipedia India’s trade – www.commerce.nic.in Investment in indonesia-Business Line Investment in other countries - Respective indian embassy websites Indian people in Southeast Asia – wikipedia,Indian Embassy Other data from :- www.commerce.nic.in www.cii.in www.meaindia.in FICCI
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