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NURS 1103 or HLSC 2613


Course Faculty
Sheila Tolentino
Main Objective:
Learn Medical Terminology
New students to Medical
Terminology often bewildered
by strange spelling and

Approximately 75% of Medical
Terms are based on either
Greek or Latin
Medical Terminology

•- The study of fine paintings.
•- What you do when CPR fails.
• - What you are after you be eight.
• - A punctuation mark.
• - A higher offer.
• - opposite of you’re out.
• - A small table.
Course Description
 A study of physiological systems approach to
provide principles of medical word building.
Provides medical vocabulary including
anatomy, physiology, systems, diagnostic
testing and pharmacology. This course is
appropriate for health care administration,
health science students such as nursing,
dental hygiene, paramedics, and physical
therapy assisting; as well as court reporting
and medical transcriptionist students.
Course Objectives
 Apply basic principles of medical word
 Correctly pronounce medical terms.
 Define common medical terms.
 Relate common medical terms to human
anatomy and physiology; common disease
states, pharmacological categories and
diagnostic tests.
 Identify the medical terminology in medical
record reports.
16 Lessons
1. Basic Elements of a Medical Word
2. Suffixes: Surgical, Diagnostic, etc
3. Suffixes: Adjective, Noun,
4. Prefixes
5. Body Structure
6. Integumentary System
7. Gastrointestinal System
Lessons, continued
8. Respiratory System
9. Cardiovascular System
10. Blood, Lymph, and Immune Systems
11. Musculoskeletal System
12. Genitourinary System
13. Female Reproductive System
14. Endocrine System
Lessons, continued
15. Nervous System
16. Special Senses
A Busy Course!
 Are you feeling like
a lot of information
is about to come
your way?
 The answer is
Now, lets begin
Chapter 1
Basic Elements of Medical Word
Medical Dictionary Use
Look Up Unfamiliar Terms
Word Roots (WR)
Usually derived form Greek or Latin
Frequently indicates a body part
Most medical terms have one or more
word roots
Examples of Word Roods
Greek Word Word Root
Kardia (heart) Cardi
Gaster (stomach) Gastr
Hepar (liver) Hepat
Nephros (kidney) Nephr
Osteon (bone) oste
Combining Form (CF) is a Word Root
(WR) plus a vowel, usually an “o”
Usually indicates a body part
Combining Forms (CF)
Combining Forms Examples
Cardi/ + o = cardi/o heart
gastr/ + o = gastr/o stomach
hepat/ + o = hepat/o liver
nephr/ + o = nephr/o kidney
oste/ + o = oste/o bone
Word Ending
Suffix usually indicates a procedure,
condition, disease, or part of speech
Usually derived from Greek or Latin
Examples of Suffix
Arthr/o -centesis Arthrocentesis
joint puncture puncture of a joint

throac/o -tomy Thoracotomy
chest incision incision of the chest

gastr/o -megaly Gastromegaly
stomach enlargement enlargement of the

Word element located at the beginning
of a word
Changes the meaning of the word
Usually indicates a number, time,
position, direction, color, or sense of
Examples of Prefix
A- mast -ia
without breast condition

hyper- therm -ia
excessive heat condition

intra- muscul -ar
in muscle relating to
Basic Rule One
A WR (word root) is used before a
suffix that begins with a vowel.
Scler/ + osis = sclerosis
Basic Rule Two
A combining vowel is used to link a
WR to a suffix that begins with a
consonant and to link a WR to another
WR to form a compound word
colon/o + scope = colonscope
osteo/ o/ chondr/ itis =

Defining Medical Words
First, define the suffix or ending
Second, define the prefix, or beginning
Third, define the middle
Pronunciation Guidelines
Ae and oe
c and g
e and es
End of Chapter One