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Interactive Session on

Solid Waste
Management
in Pune


13 September 2014
Session 1: Challenges - discussion

Session 2: Principles of SWM
“Zero Waste”
• Aim – nothing leaves the city as waste!
• De-centralized
• Demand Management – how to
• reduce quantum of waste generated
• Change nature of waste – EPR
• Focus on
• Segregation
• Maintain separate streams
• Awareness and Enforcement
• Labor intensive
• Low Cost

“Collect and Dispose”
• Aim – collect and dispose
efficiently
• Centralized
• Supply side solution
• Focus on
• Transport
• Landfilling and/or processing of mixed
waste
• Technology intensive
• High cost
Models
“Zero Waste”

• Local area management
• Many small processing spaces
(compost, bio-gas)
• Recycling and Recovery
• Sustainable
• As city grows – local solutions
• Suppress waste generation
• Environmentally friendly
“Collect and Dispose”

• Better managed through private
contracts
• Need strong regulatory
mechanisms
• Access to large amount of land and
capital for processing plants
• Long term issues
• Transport further
• Land
• Environment/Health issues
Mixed Approach
Can we do a bit of this and a bit of that?

• Tend to work against one another

• Citizens need consistent message
• In ‘zero waste’ model, the message is ‘Segregate’
• In ‘collect and dispose’, the message is ‘Mixed is okay’

• Incineration based Processing plants
• Long term contracts
• Work better with more waste – more calorific value
• Against reduce, reuse, recycle!

• PMC Capacity
• “zero waste” – building models for public involvement, awareness, enforcement, low-tech
solutions
• “collect and dispose” - Technology evaluation, transport, managing private contracts

Model
• Pick a model and stick to it?
• Which one?
• Basic Principles
SOME GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR SWM
FOR DISCUSSION
1. Solutions should be Sustainable,
Just and Equitable
2. Equitable service for all
3. Consider Environmental, Social
and Financial impacts
4. Cover all types of Solid Waste
5. Promote Cradle-to-Cradle,
Circular Economy and 3 R
6. “Polluter Pays” principle
7. Generator has responsibility
8. Source Segregation a must

9. Decentralized management,
recovery and processing
10. Landfilling - last resort and
minimized
11. Promote inclusion of
economically vulnerable
segments
12. Good Governance –
Transparency, Accountability
and Participation
13. Plans and projects consistent
with these principles
Principles of SWM - discussion

Session 3: Vision  Implementation
• Responsibility of Generators
• Awareness
• Commitment to 3R
• Segregate
• Storage
• Deliver into ULB system
• Bulk generators – in-situ
processing
• No littering, burning, dumping etc.
• Participation in the process
• Enforcement through fines etc.

• Responsibility of ULB
• Outreach – consistent, effective
• Incentivize 3R
• Maintain segregated streams
• Collection, transport and processing
• Rules for bulk generators
• Enforcement against littering,
burning, dumping etc.
• Create structures for participation
• Systems for accountability
• Grievance redress, Charters
• Accountability and Transparency
Waste Types
• Wet
• Dry
• Recyclable
• Technically
• Viability
• Non-recyclable
• Reduce/ban
• Manufacturer EPR
• BMW
• C & D
• E-waste
• Garden
• Hazardous/Toxic
Generators
• Households
• Wet
• Dry
• E-waste
• C&D (small)
• Garden
• Hazardous (small)
• Commercial
• Gardens/Markets
• Streets
• Inert
• Garden
• Dry
• Wet
Processing
• Composting
• HH
• Society
• Ward
• City
• Sorting and Recycling
• HH
• Ward – sorting sheds (MRF)
• Bulk Recycling Centers
• Bio-gas
• Ward
• City
• BMW
• Hospital (large)
• City
• C&D
• Zone
• City
Generators
Home/shop/ office

Dry Waste Materials
Sorting Centers
BMW
E-waste
Landfill
Slaughter
Waste
(incinerate,
biogas, compost)
Commercial basis
C&D
C&D
Wet Waste
Processing
Gas/
compost/
pellets
WMF
Sorting
Transfer
Bioga
s
Specialized Whole-sale
Recyclables Centers
(commercial basis)
Dry

Wet
Mixed


Non
recyclable
Rejects
Rejects


Electoral Ward(s)
Administrative
Ward
City
Wet
Dry
e-waste/
BMW
Primary
collection




Schematics:
Generator – Collection – Storage --
Processing
Mixed
In situ Wet
Waste
processing by
large / bulk
generators
Systems – Monitoring and Evaluation
• City and Ward level “sanitation committees”
• Constitution, roles, responsibilities and powers
• City
• Set targets – linked to “benchmarks”/”metrics”
• Planning – annual goal setting
• Budget allocations – as per “plan”
• Evaluation of annual plan – ESR?
• Transparency in contracts
• Evaluation based on financial, social, environmental – defining outcomes  goal
• Statutory
• Bye-laws
Vision  Implementation -- Discussion

Session 4: Working Together --
Discussion