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Ar. Michael Lorenzo Angelo L.

Traditional Filipino Construction
Bahay Kubo
made of nipa and bamboo
constructed to perfectly adapt
to the tropical climate of the
easily repaired or rebuilt once
damaged by typhoon, flood or
earthquake which frequented
the country
originated from the Spanish
word, cubo, which means
cube, because of the bahay
kubo 's rectangular/cubic shape

The Architecture
Also known as Nipa Hut
constructed of indigenous
materials found in their local
surroundings wood, planks,
grass, bamboo and large logs
cubic in shape
raised on stilts or posts of 1-
2meters depending on the area
where it is constructed solid
ground, on a hillside or
mountainside, or in shallow water
raising the interior from the ground
safeguards the shelter's
inhabitants from flood, and from
snakes and other wild animals.
Bulwagan - one, large, open
multi-purpose room for dwelling
Dingding - walls made of nipa
and cogon leaves or sawali or
woven bamboo with large
windows on all sides, which keep
the interior well-ventilated
Windows have tukod or legs
that hold the swinging shades
open during the day, and secure
it back in place at night
Silong a cellar where most
household chores are done; also
an area or livestock pens,
storage space, workspace and

The Architecture
hagdan (ladder) which
can easily be removed at
night or when the owners
are out
batalan -an open back
porch where household
chores are done and where
the jars of water are placed
Tall roof made of nipa or
cogon provides easy
drainage for rains and
allows air circulation within
the structure
Floors may be of split
bamboo to allow dirt and
food scraps to fall through
to pigs and poultry

The Architecture
During the era of Spanish colonization
in the country, they introduced the new
kind of architecture - one that is of
stone. However, the kind of houses
they built easily gets damaged since
Philippines is earthquake-prone. Hence
a new kind of architecture appeared - a
graceful construction combined the
lightness and airiness of the "Bahay
Kubo" and the strength and rigidity of
the Spanish stone house
"The third and final stage in the development of the Spanish-Filipino
domestic architecture retained the wooden supporting structure but
restricted the use of brick and stone to the lower level; the upper level
consisted of an enclosure in vertical wooden siding which left ample
openings for sliding windows. Capiz shells were often used as window
panes. What emerges is a Spanish-Filipino house." (Architecture in the
Philippines, Winand Klassen, 1986)
Bahay na Bato (Geometric Style)

Bahay na Bato (Geometric Style)

Bahay na Bato (Floral Style)

Media Agua



Persiana - blind, slatted shutter, window

Metal fasteners/strips





Calados open hall

Sala and Balcon




Latrina (Comun)