HISTORY OF TELEVISION

EVENTS THAT DEVELOPMENT OF

LED TO TELEVISION

1884 INVENTION OF SCANNING DISK BY PAUL NIPKOW. 1897 INVENTION OF CATHODE RAY TUBE BY KARL BRUAN. 1923 INVENTION OF ICONOSCOPE WHICH BY DR. V.K. ZWORYKIN. MANY MORE INVENTION OVER THE YEARES LEAD TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TELEVISION.

SIMOLTANIOUS DEVELOPMENT OF TELEVISION IN US AND UK

AMERICA
1927 American telephone & telegraph company gave a public demonstration in which a speech by the US secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover was broadcast from Washington to New York.

 Within

one year General Electric began making regular, thrice weekly, broadcast from radio station WGY. few months WGY transmitted AL SMITH’s speech accepting his nomination for US presidency. the same year it broadcasted the first television drama “The Queen’s Messenger”.

 

 After

  In

ENGLAND
 In

1926 JOHN LOGIE BAIRD invented television in ENGLAND. He did it by mechanically scanning a screen of 15 lines. image was very poor.


 His quality of


 Two

years later he demonstrated color television transmission was unable to broadcast officially until post office’s engineers were happy with quality of his experimental transmission.


 He

British Broadcasting Corporation was unhappy with the quality of the transmission and only reluctantly allowed him to use their transmitters.

Initially BBC used competing EMI’s electronic scanning system and BAIRDs mechanical system , on alternating weeks.

Eventually , EMI’s system was clearly shown to be more reliable and better quality than BAIRDS mechanical system.

1926 BBC became a nationalized

BBC

corporation.

12 people the good and great public figures

were appointed as heads.

 John Reith was first director general of BBC.  Mission was to enlighten, educate and

elevate wherever possible.

 

DIRECTOR GENERAL

John Reith

MARK THOMPSON

HURDLES THAT THE TV INDUSTRY FACED
Shortly after the fair of 1939, TV’s progress was interrupted by a series of order and then by world war II.

Next year the federal communication commission ordered a halt in expansion of TV pending completion of investigation to determine best technological standard for TV transmission .

Then war came, production of TV sets stopped completely. Controversies about which band to be selected and whether transmission should be in blackand-white or in color. In 1948 due to large number of TV stations , so serious interference was occurring so commission imposed freeze on new assignments.

Color television
Development of color TV was first considered by the

federal communication commission in 1940s .

 It was re-examined in 1945 and in 1947 still reception

was not technically satisfactory.

 CBS and RCA were the main companies to develop

color television .

 

Commission approved CBS system, but no company

except CBS came forward to manufacture the sets using CBS system.

 For a long period RCA was only company pushing

development of color TV.

Through the years there was gradual increase in color

programs .

 Today all programs are in color only. some televisions

boast a color range of 16 million colors.

 No one can deny that color adds important

dimension to television communication.

 It gives more real experience than black-and-white

TV.
 Today there is color television everywhere ,it has  It is heading to greater developments like LCD, LED,

become rare to see a black-and-white television.

etc.

DBS

Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to more broadly as direct-to-home signals. expression direct-to-home or DTH was, initially, meant to distinguish the transmissions directly intended for home viewers from cable television.

  The

In 1976, Home Box Office (HBO) made history by initiating satellite delivery of programming to cable with the heavyweight boxing match know as “The Thriller From Manila” Also in 1976, as a result of private experiments with video transmission from communications satellites, the first consumer Direct To Home (DTH) Satellite System was created in a most unusual place – in the garage of Stanford University Professor and former NASA scientist Emeritus H. Taylor Howard.


The first commercial direct-broadcast satellite service in the United Kingdom, Sky Television, was launched in 1989 and used the newly launched Astra satellite, providing 4 analogue TV channels.

  1998,

following the launch of several more satellites to Astra's east position, the number of channels had increased to around 60.

 System

sales soared as hardware prices fell, and the idea of a practical DBS system was beginning to take shape. advantages to consumers were abounding! There were many satellites used by programmers, and consumers could get programming from almost all of them. because their programming came from multiple sources, it was often 20-30% cheaper than cable.

  The

  And

A

number of companies provide DBS and DTH service throughout the world. In the United States, DirecTV and EchoStar are the main vendors. TV is also favored by urban and suburban subscribers who are not satisfied with the quality or quantity of TV programming available on conventional cable.

  DBS

And the quality was exceptional! That was because the signal was first generation – that is, directly from the programmers to their homes – providing a far superior picture and sound quality. As with most new technological advancements, the cost to the everyday consumer was very high.

 

  

As the price came down, more people looked to the multiple-channel capabilities of satellite TV as an alternative to cable.

 Several

cable programming providers lobbied the government, which subsequently introduced the 1984 Cable Act, allowing them to encrypt (convert into code) their satellite feeds. Scrambling systems were developed so their signals were no longer broadcast “in the clear” for everyone with a satellite dish to pick up without any payment to the program developers.

 The

first immediate result of the Cable Act was that the satellite sales industry dramatically dropped. The other immediate effect was the emergence of a new threat to the industry – satellite signal theft.

HD revolution

Television is now undergoing the greatest change since color. High Definition is now poised for the major breakthrough. The implications of this revolution will affect us all. The quality of the pictures and audio from the HD gadgets are staggering.

 

 

NON HD Vs HD

 In

the past few years few companies have been laying fiber optic cable that will carry HD signals to homes across the nation. only does HD produce the same quality as DigiBeta, but it can even provide better images than film. eventually all theatrical products will be beamed down from satellites.

  Not

 However,

 Individual

filmmakers, who shoot their features on HD, will be able to find groups of virtual distributors, who can book and show their films in theatres. the phone companies will be getting into the mix, offering streaming television in HD to cell phone-like devices. Internet will become even more ubiquitous, showing streaming HD video. Commerce solutions that will pay the filmmakers for their work will arrive.

  Even

  The

 Acquiring

a high definition TV set is only the first step to enjoying high definition TV programming though, because the next step is to get the programming itself in sufficient quality, so that it may be enjoyed to its fullest. TV programming is the only service where you are going to find the large quantity of high definition channels that you need to have a complete selection in your viewing repertoire  and this is due to a few reasons.

  Satellite

 Satellite

TV service provider have to adhere to a far more stringent standard because they have to continually compete with cable and standard service as well as entertainment options such as DVDs.

   The

cost effectiveness of HD breaks down the monetary barriers that used to keep young, unknown directors and producers from seeing their ideas and creations make it to the big screen

 HD

recording is digital, it is capable of being transferred to any future medium without loss of quality. it will offer great quality even when it is copied and the quality will not deteriorate with time or because of using it many times. are still lot more breakthroughs which we can expect from the HD field.

 Hence

 There

Events such as the World Cup soccer matches

only illustrate the power of TV to unite the globe in a single information network. TV has changed the way people learn of the world around them.

 It has helped to spread news and ideas, even

culture and values, from one land to another, effortlessly flowing over the political and geographic boundaries that once stemmed such tides.

THANK YOU… A.K.DIVAKAR SRI VIDHYA THEN MOZHI

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