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You are on page 1of 29

Principle

Previous Lesson

1. Pressure

What is Pressure??

Pressure is defined as force per unit

area

P = F

A

2. Pressure in liquids

P = hg

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of this lesson, you

should be able to:

Explain Buoyant Force

Relate buoyant force to the

weight of the fluid displaced

State Archimedes Principle

Todays Activities:

1. Class activity to investigate

the relationship between the

buoyant force and weight of

fluid displaced.

2. Group discussion on

Archimedes Principles

application.

LETS THINK ABOUT

THIS SITUATION!

SITUATION 1 SITUATION 2

Lift a rock in water

Lift a rock in air

Which situation is easier ?? Why??

LETS TRY THIS!!

This is due to a force that we

call as BUOYANT FORCE.

What is actually BUOYANT

FORCE??

What is Buoyant

Force??

An upward force resulting from an

object being wholly or partially

immersed in a fluid.

Buoyant Force is.

What is the relationship between the buoyant

force and the weight of fluid displaced??

Buoyant force

Liquid

displaced

ACTIVITY !!!

To investigate the relationship

between the buoyant force and

the weight of fluid displaced

BUOYANT FORCE

OBSERVATION AND DATA

WEIGHT IN AIR

WEIGHT IN WATER

WEIGHT OF EMPTY BEAKER

WEIGHT OF BEAKER PLUS

DISPLACED WATER

The story behind the principle

king had new gold crown and

suspicious that the jeweler

hadnt cheated him by adding

another material.

The king asked Archimedes to

solve his problem by not

changing the shape of the gold

crown.

Still concentrating on the

problem,Archimedes immersed

himself in the water.

The water spilled over the sides of

the tub and onto the floor.

Arhimedes reasoned : there must

be a relationship between volume

and volume of water that his body

displaced.

This observation brought

Archimedes back to the problem of

the gold crown.

Archimedes find gold and silver

that had the same mass.

He dropped both metal in water

and observe the water that

spilled out.

Athough they had the same

mass, the silver spilled out more

water because the silver less

dense than the gold.

Archimedes check the crown.

He placed gold crown n pure

gold that had the same mass in

water.

The crown displaced more

water.

The density was less than the

pure gold.

The king had been cheated!!

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

State that,

when an object is wholly or

partially immersed in a fluid, it

experiences a buoyant force

equal to the weight of fluid

displaced.

ACTIVITY !!!

Applications of Archimedes

Principle

HYDROMETER

PLIMSOL LINE

SUBMARINE

HOT AIR BALLOON

In group, find..

- The working principle

- How Archimedes Principle was applied?

Ship

a) The ship may sink too deeply

into water due to overloading or

changes in water density when

sails from one ocean to another

ocean.

b) Plimsoll Line is mark on the hull

of all ships to show the depths

which are safe for them to

navigate.

c) Normal density = B

Freshwater = F or TF

Cool ocean = W

Submarine (Kapal selam)

Submarine has ballast tank to control its position

and depth below sea level.

To float halve, water in ballast tank is driven out

until the buoyant force is equal to weight of

submarine.

To fully float, water in ballast tank is driven out

until the buoyant force is bigger than the weight of

submarine

To submerged, water is pumped into ballast tank

until weight of submarine is bigger than buoyant

force.

Hot-air Balloons

a) The weight of balloon is decrease

when its envelope is filled with gas of

lower density than air (such as

hydrogen or helium)

b) Total weight = weight of fabric +

weight of gas in envelope

c) When buoyant force = total weight of

the balloon, it remains stationary or

move upward with constant velocity.

d) When buoyant force > total weight of

the balloon, it accelerates upward.

HYDROMETER

Is used to compare /

determine the

density of liquids.

Lead shots is placed

at the bottom to

makes the

hydrometer upright

(tegak) in the liquid.

In denser liquid,

hydrometer will float

more because

volume / weight of

liquid displaced is

smaller than in less

dense liquid.

Learning Outcomes

1. Explain Buoyant Force

2. Relate buoyant force to the weight of the

liquid displaced

3. State Archimedes Principle

The upward force resulting from an object being

wholly or partially immersed in a fluid.

BUOYANT FORCE = WEIGHT OF THE LIQUID DISPLACED

(for an object which immersed wholly or partially in fluid)

State that when object is wholly or partially immersed in a fluid,

it experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid

displaced.

Homework!!

1. Page 100 in text book

Question 1 and 2

Thats all for today

Thank you for your attention!!

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