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It is also called

Adjective clauses.

A relative/ adjective clause
must be joined to the main clause
describes the noun
begins with a relative pronoun (which,
who, whom, whose, that)
placed in a sentence right after the noun
we describe

Is it correct?
No!
which = the park
The park which is next to our
school is beautiful.
Which = things/ animals
Who = people in subject position
Whom = people in object position
Whose = possession of somebody
= my, his, her, your, their, our
That = people & things
(not used in non-defining relative
clauses)

1. Defining relative clauses
e.g. The boy who is talking with John is the
head prefect in my school.
a general noun (not clear which one we are
talking about
an important piece of information to
identify the noun we describe
No comma(s) to separate it from the main
clause

2. Non-defining relative clauses
e.g. My second son, who is very lovely, is
only
10 months old.
Cheuk Him, who is very lovely, is only
10 months old.
a specific noun (very clear which one we
are talking about
give extra information about the noun
must be separated from the rest of the
sentence
by comma(s).


(a) I thanked the woman who/ that helped me.
(b) I thanked my mother, who helped me clean
my bedroom. (x that)

(c)The girl who/that has three brothers is her
parents favourite.
(d) May, who has three brothers, is her
parents favourite. (x that)
(e) My BMW, which I bought last year,
needs a tune-up. (x that)
(f) Hawaii, which consists of eight
islands,
is a favorite vacation spot. (x that)
(g) The box which/that I gave to
Maria
contains an expensive gift.
The book "Alien" is mine. It is on the table.
Underline the common words in both sentences
The book "Alien" is mine. It is on the table.

The movie wasnt very good. We saw it last
night.
The movie wasnt very good. We saw it last
night.
The movie which/ that we saw last night
wasnt very good.
The dictionary is useful. I bought it from
English.


The dictionary is useful. I bought it from
England.
The dictionary is useful. I bought it from
England.
The dictionary which I bought from England
is useful.

I thanked my mother. She helped me clean my
bedroom.
I thanked my mother. She helped me clean my
bedroom.
I thanked my mother,
who helped me clean my
bedroom.

My brother is often punished by the teacher.
He is lazy and naughty.



My brother is often punished by the teacher.
He is lazy and naughty.
My brother is often punished by the teacher.
He is lazy and naughty.
My brother, who is lazy and naughty, is
often punished by the teacher.
The man was friendly. I met him yesterday.
The man was friendly. I met him yesterday.
The man whom I met yesterday was friendly.
(x) The man whom I met him yesterday was
friendly.


The boy is my brother. You beat him yesterday.


The boy is my brother. You beat him yesterday.
The boy is my brother. You beat him
yesterday.
The boy whom you beat yesterday is my
brother.

I know the man. His bicycle was stolen.
I know the man. His bicycle was stolen.
Fiona is a flight attendant. Her spoken English
is excellent.


Fiona is a flight attendant. Her spoken English
is excellent.
Fiona is a flight attendant. Her spoken
English is excellent.
Fiona, whose spoken English is excellent, is
a flight attendant.

1. The taxi driver was friendly. He took
me to the airport.
2. I liked the composition. You wrote it.
3. The Lee family is very nice. We visited
them last summer.
4. The man is standing over there. I
mentioned him to you.
5. My father called the police. His wallet
was stolen.
6. The problem is difficult to solve. We
are facing it.


1. The taxi driver was friendly. He took
me to the airport.
2. I liked the composition. You wrote it.
3. The Lee family is very nice. We visited
them last summer.
4. The man is standing over there. I
mentioned him to you.
5. My father called the police. His wallet
was stolen.
6. The problem is difficult to solve. We
are facing it.


1. The taxi driver who took me to the airport
was friendly.
2. I liked the composition which you wrote.
3. The Lee family, whom we visited last
summer, is very nice.
4. The man whom I mentioned to you is
standing over there.
5. My father, whose wallet was stolen, called
the police.
6. The problem which we are facing is difficult
to solve.
A man whose job is to read the news on
TV is called a news presenter.
Irene Tang, whom I have known for ten
years, is going to get married soon.
Tom, who has a handsome look, is my
elder brother.

whose + noun
whom + subj
who + verb
Who will get
awards?

Group A1, B1, C1

Who will be
punished?

Group A2, B2, C2
Who will get awards?
If you hand in your
homework on time,
you will get a small
gift.
The students
who hand in their
homework on
time will get a
small gift.
Who will be
punished?
If you forget to bring
your textbooks, you
will be deducted 5
marks.
The students
who forget to
bring their
textbooks will be
deducted 5
marks.

Who will get awards?
The students who
hand
in their homework
on
time will get a
small gift.



Who will be
punished?
The students who
forget
to bring their
textbooks
will be deducted 5
marks.