Who, How, and Why it effects our youth

Katie Stone katstone@indiana.edu Independent Study EDUC – K 343 Dr. Ochoa

What is it?
• Social Anxiety is a persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur • The anxiety prevents the individual from engaging in interactions and causes them to live in a constant state of worry

Law Implications The Law
• To be diagnosed with social anxiety, behaviors and fears must be present for at least 6 months and cause significant distress or impairment in important areas of functioning • All children with disabilities must be provided with special education services • Must have a written Individualized Education Program (IEP)

Why are they Scared? Symptoms
• Want to portray a favorable image • Don’t want to be judged badly • Fear of losing their self-worth or status • Fear rejection

Results of the Fear Why are they scared
• In situations, the child may: cry, cling to familiar people, blush, or freeze entirely • Avoid situations that may be threatening • Selective Mutism – Only speak to certain people or groups and refuse to speak to all others

Teachers Help Teachers Role
Establish good rapport with the student Make them comfortable Provide constant positive reinforcements Take expectations step – by – step to help them reach goals and build self confidence • Pay attention to improvements made so that progress can be reported • • • •

Professional Help Professional Help
Clinics provide three different approaches for helping social anxiety
psychoeducation and problem solving skills and simulations repeated exposure

Cognitive
Social

Behavioral

References References
• • American Psychiatric Association (1994). 300.23 Social phobia (social anxiety disorder). Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders (4), 411 – 417. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. Fisher, P.H., Masia-Warner, C., Klein, R.G. (2004). Skills for social and academic success: A school-based intervention for social anxiety disorder in adolescents. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, (7), 4, 214-249. Grover, R.L., Hughes, A.A., Bergman, R.L., Kingery, J.N. (2006). Treatment modifications based on childhood anxiety diagnosis: Demonstrating the flexibility in manualized treatment. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 20, 275- 286. Hofmann, S.G., Schultz, S.M., Meuret, A.E., Moscovitch, D.A., Suvak, M. (2006). Sudden gains during therapy of social phobia. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, (74), 4, 687 – 697. Kauffman, J.M. (2005). Characteristics of emotional and behavioral disorders of children and youth (8th ed.). 370-379. New Jersey: Pearson. Verbeke, W., Bagozzi, R.P. (2000). Sales call anxiety: exploring what it means when fear rules a sales encounter. Journal of Marketing, (64), 3, 88-101.

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