0 Up votes0 Down votes

28 views17 pagesslides

Oct 02, 2014

© © All Rights Reserved

PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

slides

© All Rights Reserved

28 views

slides

© All Rights Reserved

- Stability & Determinacy of Beams and Frames
- ideCAD Structural 5.doc
- "Brgplt9" --- Beam Bearing Plate Design
- Brgplt9-Beam Bearing Plate Design
- Engg Services Civil Engineering Subjective Paper 1 2009
- SMiRT19_WK01_Beltran
- 2 FRAME&TRUSS
- Beam Clamp
- Week 06 - Slabs
- ijsrp-p29100.pdf
- Bmreact --- Allowable Steel Beam End Reaction
- BMREACT13
- Concrete Design Procedures (MIT)
- sensors-13-09909
- Civil Coursec of Studies
- Arch Action
- Scrib i b 13212258745658 Yyy
- Seismic Design of RC Structures - Saatcioglu
- timber design 2 storey
- Documenta

You are on page 1of 17

When a body is in equilibrium, it has neither translatory

nor rotatory motion in any direction. Thus the resultant

force R and the resultant couple M are both zero, and we

have the equilibrium equations for two dimensional force

system

F

x

= 0; F

y

= 0 Eq(1)

M = 0

These requirements are both necessary and sufficient

conditions for equilibrium.

Supports: A structure is subjected to external forces

and transfers these forces through the supports on to the

foundation. Therefore the support reactions and the

external forces together keep the structure in equilibrium.

There are different types of supports. Some of them are

a) Roller Support b) Hinged or pinned support c) Fixed

or built in support

Some supports are shown in the figure along with the

reactions that can be mobilised.

Types of supports

Types of Supports

Action on body

(a) Flexible cable ,belt ,chain,

rope

BODY

BODY

T

Force exerted by cable is

always a tension away from

the body in the direction of

cable

(b) Smooth surfaces

Contact forces are normal to

the surfaces

F

F

(c) Roller

support

Contact force is normal to the

surface on which the roller moves.

The reaction will always be

perpendicular to the plane of the

roller . Roller support will offer

only one independent reaction

component.(Whose direction is

known.)

( d )pinned Support / hinged support

This support does not allow any translatory movement of

the rigid body. There will be two independent reaction

components at the support. The resultant reaction can be

resolved into two mutually perpendicular components.

Or it can be shown as resultant reaction inclined at an

angle with respect to a reference direction.

R

v R

R

h

R

v

M

R

H

(e) Fixed or Built-in Support

M

(contd .)

This type of support not only prevents the translatory

movement of the rigid body, but also the rotation of the

rigid body. Hence there will be 3 independent reaction

components of forces. Hence there will be 3 unknown

components of forces, two mutually perpendicular

reactive force component and a reactive moment as

shown in the figure.

TYPES OF BEAMS

A member which is subjected to predominantly transverse loads

and supported in such a way that rigid body motion is prevented

is known as beam. It is classified based on the support

conditions. A beam generally supported by a hinge or roller at

the ends having one span(distance between the support) is

called as simply supported beam. A beam which is fixed at one

end and free at another end is called as a cantilever beam.

(a) Simply supported beam

span

M

A

V

A

B

span

A

H

A

(b) Cantilever beam

If one end or both ends of the beam project beyond the support

it is known as overhanging beam.

A cantilever with a simple support anywhere along its length is

a propped cantilever.

(c) Overhanging beam

(right overhang)

M

A

V

A

B

span

A

H

A

(d) Propped Cantilever

beam

A beam which is fixed at both ends is called a fixed beam.

A beam with more than one span is called continuous beam.

V

C

(f) Two Span continuous beam

V

A

V

B

H

A

H

B

M

A

V

A

span

V

B

(e) Fixed beam

M

B

H

A

Statically determinate beam and statically indeterminate

beam:

Using the equations of equilibrium given in EQ(1) ,if all the

reaction components can be found out, then the beam is a

statically determinate beam ,and if all the reaction

components can not be found out using equations of

equilibrium only, then the beam is a statically indeterminate

beam.

In the above fig (a),(b)and ( c ) are statically determinate

beams ,where as (d),(e) and ( f) are statically Indeterminate

beams .

If the number of reaction components is more than the

number of non-trivial equilibrium equations available then

such a beam is a statically indeterminate beam.

If the number of reaction components is equal to the

number of non-trivial equilibrium equations available then

such a beam is a statically determinate beam

If the number of reaction components is less than the

number of non-trivial equilibrium equations available then

such a beam is an unstable beam.

Determination of Beam reactions

Since three equilibrium equations are available, for a planar

structure a maximum of three unknown independent reaction

components can be determined using these equations.

Step I: Draw the free body diagram of the structure showing

the given loadings and the reactions at the supports.

Step 2: Apply the equations F

x

= 0, F

y

= 0, M = 0.

Assuming some directions and senses for unknown forces

and moments.

Step 3: solve for unknown reactions. If any of them is positive,

it is along the sense initially assumed while drawing the FBD.

If it is negative, it is opposite to the initially assumed sense

4kN/m

12kN/m

(1)Find the reactions at A,B,C and D for the beam loaded

as shown in the figure(Ans.R

A

=R

B

=34kN;R

C

=28.84kN;

M

C

=-140kNm ;

C

=-33.69 )

Problems for practice

12kN/m

4kN/m

20 kN

30kN

1m 2m 1m 1m 2m 1m 1m 2m

A

B

C

3

4

40kNm

(2)A uniform bar AB of weight 50N shown in the figure

supports a load of 200N at its end. Determine the

tension developed in the string and the force supported

by the pin at B.(Ans. T=529.12N;R

B

=807.15N,

B

=64.6)

2.5m

2.5m

200N

2

.

5

m

A

B

60

string

(3)Find the position of the hinged support (x),such that the

reactions developed at the supports of the beam are equal..

(Ans.x=2m.)

2.0m

1.4m

1.0m 3.0m

0.6

15kN

18kN/m

10kN/m

x

(4)A right angled bar ABC hinged at A as shown in fig

carries two loads W and 2W applied at B &C .Neglecting

self weight of the bar find the angle made by AB with

vertical(Ans: =18.44)

0.5L

2W

B

L m

W

C

A

- Stability & Determinacy of Beams and FramesUploaded byDeana White
- ideCAD Structural 5.docUploaded byGandhi Hammoud
- "Brgplt9" --- Beam Bearing Plate DesignUploaded byPhanikrishnab
- Brgplt9-Beam Bearing Plate DesignUploaded byRafael Reyes
- Engg Services Civil Engineering Subjective Paper 1 2009Uploaded bySudharsananPRS
- SMiRT19_WK01_BeltranUploaded byvttrlc
- 2 FRAME&TRUSSUploaded bykannan
- Beam ClampUploaded byPhan Van Loi
- Week 06 - SlabsUploaded byChin Chloe
- ijsrp-p29100.pdfUploaded byFahim
- Bmreact --- Allowable Steel Beam End ReactionUploaded byDavidParedes
- BMREACT13Uploaded byNEO
- Concrete Design Procedures (MIT)Uploaded byRoland Nicolas
- sensors-13-09909Uploaded byajeet kumar yadav
- Civil Coursec of StudiesUploaded bySANDEEP NAYAK
- Arch ActionUploaded byvempadareddy
- Scrib i b 13212258745658 YyyUploaded byGillz Provoost
- Seismic Design of RC Structures - SaatciogluUploaded byAl Mamun
- timber design 2 storeyUploaded byKeith Andulan
- DocumentaUploaded bykhemraj deore
- Module 3 Kani' MethodUploaded byget
- Sample Beam manual designUploaded byKiran
- Format EditedUploaded byRahul Ladwa
- MethodologyUploaded byPatrick Alfred
- UUSC October 2013Uploaded byAshik Rehmath Parambil
- DUPLEX2017 BeamDesign ReportUploaded byMarvin Messi
- design of beamj-.pptxUploaded byNazar Shafiq
- gb5HHHJJHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHYTRGHJYJYJYJYJYU7JYJYHGHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHUploaded byPunithAn PunithAn
- DRY WELL Beam CalculationUploaded byafiq ruzaini
- Access Steel Data Sheets BindedUploaded byblueswan

- Anthony - BEng FYPUploaded bysalman husain
- Closed Loo PintUploaded bysalman husain
- Linear Systems ExamUploaded bysalman husain
- FH50150NC_Hoover_User_Manual.pdfUploaded bysalman husain
- 1-s2.0-S0022460X99923246-mainUploaded bysalman husain
- MEEM4775.EquationSheetUploaded bysalman husain
- Mechanical Engineering BEngUploaded bysalman husain
- RootLocusPracticeS.olutionUploaded bysalman husain
- ErdemUploaded bysalman husain
- CarSimEdUploaded bysalman husain
- 01-2015Uploaded bysalman husain
- Lightweight Design and Crash Analysis of Composite Frontal Impact Energy Absorbing Structures 2012 Composite StructuresUploaded bysalman husain
- How to Interprete the Minitab Output of a Regression AnalysisUploaded bynachtgedanke
- Forces in space.pptUploaded bysalman husain
- Equillibrium of Non Concurrent Coplanar SystemUploaded bysalman husain
- Equillibrium of Coplanar Concurrent ForcesUploaded bysalman husain
- D'Alembert's PrincipleUploaded bysalman husain
- CentroidUploaded bysalman husain
- 7. Super ChargingUploaded bysalman husain
- Assignment Questions for HPS 2013 Regular StudentsUploaded bysalman husain
- You Will Not Be Allowed Five Minutes After i DoUploaded bysalman husain

- Fluid Mechanics Lecture - HydrostaticsUploaded byBernardo Farias
- Pad-eye MainUploaded byPradeep Chitluri
- Drying ConditionsUploaded bymuthukumar
- Chapter 38 - Photons and Matter WavesUploaded byVV Cephei
- glysantin_coolant_101_EN.pdfUploaded byChowdhury Fatema
- Making Thin SectionsUploaded byDorian Taddei
- C11-ICC ER 5558Uploaded byprufino2
- Compliant liquid column damper modified by shape memory alloy device for seismic vibration controlUploaded byandres_campi
- Deformation and the Strip Necking Zone in a Cracked Steel SheetUploaded byBernard SCHAEFFER
- 3q00gullinUploaded byMostafa Harby Mohamed
- che lab 5.docxUploaded byShariz Rose Pangilinan Garrino
- Secant ModulusUploaded byhudpal
- Ch05_SSMUploaded bylizsatoshi
- QB-FM-HE304--2015-2016.docxUploaded bykhumiso
- FlashWithMacro.pdfUploaded byAnonymous i7fNNiRqh2
- Free Mechanical Aptitude Questions AnswersUploaded byAnonymous AFFiZn
- Mars Endurica 4272012Uploaded bySrashmi
- lab 126Uploaded byjosue
- Lab RequirementsUploaded bySuga Vanan
- Bubble Sextant ManualUploaded bynatufian23
- Design Calculations ManualUploaded bygordanmandic
- 211_EWEC2008fullpaperUploaded bysakale2050
- ChimneyUploaded byAnand Swami
- 10 Advice for Calculation Selection of the Appropriate DamperUploaded byC V CHANDRASHEKARA
- Hydraulic Efficiencies of Impeller and PumpUploaded byJohn Archie Mendoza
- home workUploaded by陸政宏
- Air permability testUploaded bySami Kocahan
- 125760133 Buckling of Thin Metal Shells 61Uploaded bypawkom
- Chenming Hu Ch3 SlidesUploaded byGreen Heart
- ME6401 PIT full- By EasyEngineering.net.pdfUploaded bySenetous Wagor

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.