TRADE UNION ACT 1926

OBJECTIVE – • To provide for registration of Trade Union • To enable `collective bargaining` • To confer certain privileges to Registered Trade Union

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HISTORY OF TRADE UNION MOVEMENT – INDIA
Bombay Millhand Association – first association of mill workers formed in 1890; not strictly a TU Progress of TU movement preindependence not satisfactory but very satisfactory postindependence – in every sphere of industry In 1920 - in re; Binny & Co. Madras High Court held TU leaders liable for bona fide TU activities

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History Of Trade Union Movement – India
NM Joshi, Genl Secy AITUC moved resolution for legislative measures Employers opposed- Indian Trade Union Act 1926 passed with opposition; enforced from 1st June 1927 Royal Commission on Labour – Act amended for compulsory recognition by employers of representatives of TU
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TRADE UNION- Definition • Any combination [temporary/ permanent] to regulate relations between
 Workmen – Employer  Workmen – Workmen  Employers – Employers [cartel]

• Two or more Trade Unions may form a Trade Union [Federation]

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REGISTRATION PROCEDURE Registration - Not compulsory but desirable; enjoins certain privileges Min. No. of Workers for Workers` Trade Union – 10% or 100 workmen of connected establishment Who may become Member - Any person having attained 15 years Registration (under Societies Regn. Act) - Application to Registrar to be accompanied by a copy of Rules and Regulations together with prescribed fee 5

PRIVILEGES OF A REGD. TU Body Corporate - legal person (juristic persona), perpetual succession, separate and distinct identity, can own property and contract in its own name Separate fund for political purposes No civil suit against office bearers - (a) induce some person to break a contract of employment or (b) it is in interference with the trade, business or 6 employment of some other person.

DISSOLUTION OF TRADE UNION
Notice of dissolution to Registrar • 07 members /Secretary • Registrar if satisfied- registers once it is registered-dissolution becomes effective • Registrar shall divide funds amongst members
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