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1. Observe this picture, what does the picture tell you about ?
1. Water
2. Cycle
3. Evaporate
4. Water Vapour
5. Cloud
6. Cloudy
7. Dense
8. Hot air
9. Cool air
10. Lake
11. Sea
12. River
13. Rise(s)
14. Release into
15. Saturate

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2. Listen to the monolog, then find out which picture that is explained in
the monolog!
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A
B
C D
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3. Watch the movie, then find out what the movie explain you about!
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for SMA N 1 Toho
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4. Understand the text, what does the text tell you about ?
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for SMA N 1 Toho
Social Function
 To explain the processes involved in the formation or workings of natural or
socio cultural phenomena
 To explain the listeners or the readers how/why something occurs or how
something works.
Generic Structure
 A general statement : positions the reader.
 A sequenced explanation : explains why or how something occurs/how
something works.
 Conclusion : Concludes what has been explained.
Lexicogrammatical Features
 Focus on Generic, non human participants.
 Use mainly of Material and Relational Processes.
 Use mainly of Temporal and Causal Circumstances and Conjunctions.
 Some use of Passive Voice to get theme right.
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for SMA N 1 Toho
› use of non-human participants (the sea, the
mountains, the computers, the engine)
› use of action verbs (falls, rises, changes)
› uses time relationships (first, then, following,
finally)
› use of cause/effect relationships (then, as a
consequence, so, if)
› conjunctions (when, then, first, after this so)
› some passives (is saturated, are changed)
› Explanations involve the stating of reasons for
an activity or process.
Genre
for SMA N 1 Toho
Tsunami
Tsunamis occur when a major fault under the ocean floor suddenly
slips. The displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle,
producing powerful water waves at the ocean surface. The ocean
waves spread out from the vicinity of the earthquake source and move
across the ocean until they reach the coastline, where their height
increases as they reach the continental shelf, the part of the earth’s
crust that slopes, or rises, from the ocean floor up to the land.

Tsunamis wash ashore with often disastrous effects such as severe
flooding, loss of lives due to drowning, and damage to property.

A tsunami is a very large sea wave that is generated by disturbance
along the ocean floor. This disturbance can be an earthquake, a
landslide, or a volcanic eruption. A tsunami is undetectable far out in
the ocean, but once it reaches shallow water, this fast-traveling were
grows very large.
Genre
for SMA N 1 Toho
Title Tsunami
General
Statement
Tsunamis occur when a major fault under the ocean floor suddenly slips.
Sequence
Explanation
The displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle, producing
powerful water waves at the ocean surface. The ocean waves spread out from
the vicinity of the earthquake source and move across the ocean until they
reach the coastline, where their height increases as they reach the continental
shelf, the part of the earth’s crust that slopes, or rises, from the ocean floor up
to the land. Tsunamis wash ashore with often disastrous effects such as severe
flooding, loss of lives due to drowning, and damage to property.
Conclusion A tsunami is a very large sea wave that is generated by disturbance along the
ocean floor. This disturbance can be an earthquake, a landslide, or a volcanic
eruption. A tsunami is undetectable far out in the ocean, but once it reaches
shallow water, this fast-traveling were grows very large.
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for SMA N 1 Toho
 Which of these is the purpose of the text?
a. To describe the way things are.
b. To explain the natural phenomenon
 How many action verbs are there used in the text? What
are they?
 Are there any abstract words in the text? What are they?
 How many sentences are there written in the passive
form? Write them.
 Are there any conjunctions used in the text? Mention
them.
 Is the text mostly written in present tense?
 Is there any adverbial phrase?
 Do you find many noun phrases used in the text?

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for SMA N 1 Toho
Study these vocabularies before doing the listening activity!
WORDS MEANINGS WORDS MEANINGS
1. Symptoms
2. Illness
3. Appear
4. check
5. Patient
6. Fever
7. Average
8. healthy body
9. Diseases
10. Rise
11. Called
12. Natural
13. fight off
14. Infection
15. Faster
Gejala
Penyakit
Tampak, muncul
Memeriksa
Pasien
Demam
Rata-rata
Tubuh sehat
Penyakit
Naik
Disebut
Alami
Melawan
Infeksi
Lebih cepat
16. blood cells
17. Especially
18. Attack
19. Bloodstream
20. Chemicals
21. Respiration
22. Increase
23. Eliminates
24. Toxins
25. Waste
26. Quickly
27. Perspiration
28. bring down
29. Treating
30. destroy
Sel darah
Khususnya
Menyerang
Aliran darah
Unsur kimia
Pernafasan
Meningkat
Menyinkirkan
Zat racun
Sisa, limbah
Dengan cepat
Keringat
Menurunkan
Pengobatan
menghancurkan
Listen to the tape, then answer the questions!
1. What is the monolog about?

2. Which attacks foreign bacteria and
viruses in the bloodstream?

Listen to the tape, then answer the questions!
1. What is the monolog about?
A. It’s about what fever is.
B. It’s about how fever happens.
C. It’s about when fever happens.
D. It’s about what a thermometer is.
E. It’s about how we use a thermometer.

2. Which attacks foreign bacteria and viruses in the bloodstream?
A. Hormones.
B. Perspiration.
C. The white cells.
D. Enzymes.
E. Protein.


Listen to the tape, then answer the questions!
When the first symptoms of illness appear, the doctor uses a
thermometer to check whether the patient has a ‘fever’.
The average or ‘normal’ temperature of a healthy body is 37°
Celsius. Some diseases make this temperature rise and this high
temperature is called a ‘fever’.
Fever is in fact a natural response, which helps the body to fight off
infection. It makes the vital processes and organs of the body work faster.
More hormones are produced as well as enzymes and blood cells,
especially the white cells, which attack foreign bacteria and viruses in the
bloodstream. The hormones and chemicals have to work much harder
when the body is sick. The rate of blood circulation and respiration
increase so that the body eliminates toxins and waste more quickly.
Perspiration is also increased. It is important, however, to bring down a
temperature whilst treating the cause as it can destroy vital protein in the
body.

Listen to the tape once again, then determine the
statements below are TRUE or FALSE based on the
monolog!
1. The average or ‘normal’ temperature of a healthy
body is 37° Celsius.
2. Fever is in fact a chemical response, which helps the
body to fight off infection.
3. More hormones are produced than enzymes and
blood cells.
4. The white cells attack foreign bacteria and viruses in
the bloodstream.
5. Fever can increase vital protein in the body.

Present the following text in turns!
How do Banks Count Our Interest?
Interest is the sum charged for borrowing money for fixed periods of time.
Principal is the term used for the money that is borrowed, and the rate of interest is
the per cent per year of the principal charged for its use. Most of the profits for a
bank are derived from the interest that they charge for the use of their own or
their depositor’s money.
All problems in interest may be solved by using one general equation that
may be stated as follows: Interest = Principal Rate Time.
Any one of the four quantities–that is, interest, principal, rate or time–may be
found when the other three are known. The time is expressed in years. The rate is
expressed as a decimal fraction. Thus,
6 per cent interest means six cents charged for the use of $1 of principal borrowed
for one year. Although the time may less than, equal to, or greater than one year,
most applications for loans are for periods of less than one year. For purposes of
computing interest for short periods, the commercial year or 360 days is
commonly used, but when large sums of money are involved, exact interest is
computed on the basis of 365 days.
A brief Summary of Speech Production

Speech production is made possible by the specialized
movements of our vocal organs that generate speech sounds
waves.
Like all sound production, speech production requires a
source of energy. The source of energy for speech production
is the steady stream of air that comes from the lungs as we
exhale. When we breathe normally, the air stream is
inaudible. To become audible, the air stream must vibrate
rapidly. The vocal cords cause the air stream to vibrate. As we
talk, the vocal cords open and close rapidly, chopping up the
steady air stream into a series of puffs. These puffs are heard
as a buzz. But this buzz is still not speech. To produce speech
sounds, the vocal tract must change shape. During speech
we continually alter the shape of the vocal tract by moving
the tongue and lips, etc.
As the result, the movements of tongue and lips change
the acoustic properties of the vocal tract, which in turn
produce the different sounds of speech.
Genre
for SMA N 1 Toho
Title
General Statement
Sequence
Explanation
Conclusion
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for SMA N 1 Toho