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Question 2

• Describe the domain of the education
technology which exists in teaching and
learning.

DOMAINS OF
TECHNOLOGY IN
EDUCATION
What is AECT ?
• The Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is
a professional association of thousands of educators and others whose
activities are directed toward improving instruction through technology
• The Association has become a major organization for those actively
involved in the designing of instruction and a systematic approach to
learning
DOMAINS OF
TECHNOLOGY
IN EDUCATION
by AECT
Instructional
Technology
Domain 1994

Instructional
Technology
Domain 1977
Instructional
Technology
Domain 1977
AECT 1977’s definition

Instructional Technology is an integrated and complex process which it involves
human resources, other sources, procedures, ideas, apparatus and organizations to
analyze, problems that are possible to arise about human learning, and then design,
evaluate and manage the solution of those problems in a state that the process of
learning has certain objective and it is controlled.

Instructional
Technology
Domain
1977
1. Function of
Instructional
management.

2. Function of
Instructional
development.

3. Function of
Learning
resource.

FUNCTION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT.
- Standardize and manage the other functions.
- Responsible to ensure that the flow of education goes smooth and effective.



types



Organization management
- Identify the needs of the
organization
- Decide the aims and the
objectives
- Estimated expenses
- Transaction
- Management of the intra
and inter relationship of
organization.


Staff management
- Take, supervise, and
evaluate the employees
FUNCTION OF INSTRUCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
- Analysis problems of learning
- Create , implement, and evaluate the solutions of problems

Instructional
Development
Distribution
Research –
Theory
Design
Publishing
Evaluation
Selection
Logistics
Usage
FUNCTION OF LEARNING RESOURCE.
-In Instructional Technology, the solution for all the problems that occurs is in
the Function of Learning Resource.

Learning
Resource
Settings or
locations.

Message

Human

Materials

Equipment

Techniques

Instructional
Technology
Domain 1994
Instructional Technology Domain year 1994 is the continuity from Instructional
Technology Domain year 1977.

The only difference between the Instructional Technology domain year 1994 and
year 1977 is the Instructional Technology domain in year 1994 is more detailed and
specific

There are 5 domains in the Instructional Technology Domain year 1994.

There are not much differences in all the domains between the 2 years.

This is because the development, usage and evaluation domain in the Instructional
Technology Domain year 1994 is already in the Instructional Development.

Each domain has its own theory and practice.

These domain can function alone or it can also interact with other domains.

The interaction can be in any form not only in a linear form.

The definition about Instructional Technology which is defined by AECT in the
year 1994.







The definition gives major importance to theory and practice.
According to the definition theory and practice is the base for each action
taken.
You should always have knowledge ( theory ) to support your practice if you
are involved in this field.

What is theory ???
–Theory is concepts, constructs, principles and suggestions that will
contribute to knowledge.
• What is practice ???
–Practice is the usage or the application of knowledge to solve the
problems.
 Instructional Technology is a theory and a practice about
designing, developing, using, managing,
and evaluating process plus sources for learning.

Theory
Practice
5.
Evaluation
1. Design
2.
Development
3. Usage
4.
Management
Design
Domain

Students
characteristics

Instructional
System Design

Message
Design

Instructional
Strategies


Development
Domain
Integrated
technology

Technology
of printed
materials

Technology
of
audiovisual

Computer
based
technology

Usage
Domain
Policy and
rules

Usage of
media
Transmission
of innovation

Implying and
institution

Management
Domain
Information
management

Project
Management

Resource
Management

Transmission
system
management
Evaluation
Domain

Analyzing
Problems

Measurement
of reference
criteria

Formative
and
Summative
evaluation.