Traditional Chinese Medicine

By: Aliah D Dipantar

• is an ancient method of health care that combines the use of medicinal herbs, acupuncture, food therapy, massage, and the therapeutic exercise. It has proven effective for many conditions, including chronic degenerative disease, cancer, infectious disease, allergies, childhood ailments, heart disease, and AIDS.

FUNDAMENTALS OF TCM
“ the philosophy of TCM is preventive in nature and views the practice of waiting to treat a disease until the symptoms are fullblown as being similar to ‘ digging a well after one has become thirsty” - In line with this, TCM makes a point of educating the patient with regard to lifestyle so that the patient can assist in his or her own therapeutic process and also about diet, exercise, stress management, rest and relaxation.

• Diagnosis might describe the body in terms of the elements – wind, heat, cold, dryness, dampness.

• Yin – refers to the tissue of the organ. • Yang – refers to the activity. “If yin deficiency, the organ does not have enough raw materials to function. In yang deficiency, the organ does not react adequately when needed.”

• Qi ( also referred to as chi ) - life force, and it is all inclusive of many type of energy within the body and it is essential for itself. - this vital life energy flows through the body following pathways called meridians.

• These meridians flow along the surface of the body, through the internal organs, with each meridians being given the name of the organ through which it flows. Organs can be accessed for treatment. And illness can occur when there is a blockage if qi in these channels.

Five Phase Theory
Element Fire Earth Metal Water Wood Yin Organ Heart Spleen Lungs Kidney Liver Yang Organ Small intestine Stomach Large intestine Bladder Gallbladder

Example:
• As fire melts the metal, so does the heart, which is associated with fire, controls the lungs, which is associated with metal. • Likewise, as metal cuts the wood, the lungs control the liver; as wood penetrates the earth, the liver controls the spleen; as the earth dams water, the spleen controls the kidneys; and as water quenches fire, the kidneys control the heart.

Methods of Diagnosis
Noninvasive methods of investigation:  Inspection of the complexion, general demeanor, body language, and tongue  Questioning the patient about symptoms, medical history, diet, lifestyle, history of the present complaint, and any previous or concurrent therapies received.  Listening to the tone and strength of the voice  Smelling any body excretions, the breath, or the body odor  Palpation

Treatments in TCM
• • • • Herbal Medicine Acupuncture Dietary Therapy Massage

HERBAL MEDICINE
• Intriguing ingredients – perhaps bark, roots, or oyster shell – come from the vegetable, animal, mineral kingdoms. • Taken internally decoctions

Ginger
• Is warming, ant it’s pungent. • It has a healing property of warming the stomach to dispel cold, arresting diarrhea, and setting the stomach from the nausea.

Acupuncture
• Using the meridian system and its thousands of corresponding surface points. • Uses special needles placed strategically into these “acupoints” to help correct and rebalance the flow of energy within the specific meridian, consequently relieving pain and/or restoring health. • Moxibustion is used, which is the burning of special “moxa” herbs on or above a specific acupoint.

Massage
• Professional remedial massage therapies such as osteopathic and chiropractic adjustments. Tui Na – which is a combination of acupressure, massage, and manipulation.

• The purpose of the massage is not dissimilar to acupuncture, in that the goal of is to promote the of qi and to remove blockages, thereby alleviating any imbalances. • Most often used in conjugation with other treatment therapies, such as acuuncture. • They are often used together for musculoskeletal problems such as sprain.

• Qigong – means as of stress reduction and preventive therapy. • Meditative relaxation, calisthenics, internal energy exercises, and the laying approach, as well as an emphasis on spiritual meditation.

Conditions treated by TMC
• Chronic illness such as asthma, allergies, headaches, high blood pressure, gallbladder disease, lupus, diabetes, and gynecological disorders, also treats acute, infectious illness. • In china, combination of TMC and modern western medicine has been shown to be more effective for treating liver cancer than western medicine alone.

Thank you..

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