LAST YEAR OVER 3 MILLION PEOPLE DIED !

WAS IT:-

WAR ? FAMINE ? EPIDEMIC ? NATURAL DISASTER ?

NO THEY DIED ON

THE WORLD’S ROADS

DURING THIS LECTURE

63
PEOPLE WILL BE KILLED OR SERIOUSLY INJURED ON OUR ROADS.
(ONE PERSON EVERY 9 MINUTES OF A WORKING DAY)

OBJECTIVES
you will be able to:
• Apply your knowledge of defensive driving techniques to safely operate your vehicle • Ensure that through good driving skills wear and damage is kept to a minimum

INTRODUCTION
• • • • • • • • Identifying causes of accidents Accident costs Dual Tasking Defensive driving techniques Forces at work Identifying vulnerable road users MSM Moving off and stopping

INTRODUCTION
• Blind spots • Junctions • Road positioning

• Courtesy and consideration • Adverse conditions • Stopping conditions • Use of speed

SOME FACTS
*Most at risk are males, and attitude is a major factor. (Surely men can’t be bad drivers!) *Learn from your mistakes. If you have an accident you are twice as likely to have another one within the next three years. *People most at risk are pedestrians especially the elderly and children.

WHAT CAUSED THESE ACCIDENTS?

IS THIS THE SAFEWAY TO DRIVE?

STRAY SHEEP ON A1M

SOME FACTS Accidents rarely just happen! 95% of accidents are due to human error
IT’S NOT AN ACCIDENT IT’S A

CRASH!

ACCIDENTS ARE COSTLY TO :REPUTATIONS JOBS INCOME LIFE

INSURANCE
Our insurance cover is third party only. We have a £750,000 excess Accident costs come directly from your own depot’s budget Each vehicle costs on average £1264 a year to insure

The damage to the vehicle you collided with is minimal, the driver of the other vehicle does not make a claim. However The 23 passengers travelling on your vehicle each submit a claim for on average £500 each.

Buses are one of the safest forms of transport.
During 2004 only 20 people were killed in Bus Accidents in Great Britain out of the total of 3,221 Road Fatalities.

Bus accidents are rare but readily reported, however, they sell Newspapers.

WHAT MAKES A GOOD DRIVER?

SPEND FIVE MINUTES JOTTING DOWN YOUR IDEAS

GOOD DRIVERS HAVE:•SKILL •KNOWLEDGE •OBSERVATION •PERCEPTION •PATIENCE •EXPERIENCE (not the same as length of service) •A LITTLE LUCK

Driving Standards Agency Video “Driving Buses and Coaches Safely”

OBSERVATION AND FORWARD PLANNING
WHAT POINTS DID THE VIDEO MAKE ABOUT:-

• MSM • Blind spots • Moving off and stopping • Junctions • Road positioning • Courtesy and consideration • Height

Typical Stopping Distances Distance Stopping
20mph 30mph 40mph 50mph 60mph 70mph
6m / 20ft 6m / 20ft

Thinking Distance

TOTAL = 40ft / 1¹/ ³ BUS LENGTHS

9m / 30ft 12m / 40ft 15m / 50ft 18m / 60ft 21m / 70ft

14m / 45ft 24m / 80ft 38m / 125ft 55m / 180ft 75m / 245ft

TOTAL = 75ft / 2½ BUS LENGTHS TOTAL = 120ft / 4 BUS LENGTHS TOTAL = 175ft / 5¾ BUS LENGTHS TOTAL = 240ft / 8 BUS LENGTHS TOTAL = 315ft / 10½ BUS LENGTHS

SPEED AND DISTANCE
IS 30MPH FAST ON AN OPEN ROAD? 30MPH = 45FEET PER SECOND. THAT’S 90 FEET EVERY TWO SECONDS THE TIME IT TAKES TO:LIGHT A CIGARETTE BITE AN APPLE HAVE A DRINK ANSWER A MOBILE PHONE

SPEED
Lack of Distance and Speed is a major contributory cause of accidents Below 20mph a pedestrian has 95% chance of survival Above 40mph a pedestrian has 98% chance of being killed

THE TWO SECOND RULE
Why not drop back if someone pulls into gap? On a journey to Newcastle from Ashington could you afford the time to drop back 60 times? 60 x 2 = 120 seconds = It’s only2mins. AND IN FACT WILL PROBABLY SAVE YOU TIME

THE TWO SECOND RULE
Early Observation means you can plan your driving and cut down on the use of brakes, thus making smooth constant progress.

DUAL TASKING
Driving is a primary function

Dual Tasking is engaging in something else that distracts YOU from the primary function

DUAL TASKING
Spend five minutes and make a note of things bus drivers do that is an example of dual tasking

Things Bus Drivers do which are “DUAL TASKING” * Using a mobile phone * Eating or drinking * Reading the duty board * Smoking * Cashing up

Hazard Perception

Hazard Perception
What is hazard perception?
The ability to identify and respond to a hazard

HAZARD PERCEPTION
(RISK AWARENESS) MOST DRIVERS LOOK MANY DRIVERS SEE SOME DRIVERS PLAN

FEW DRIVERS ACT
THE PROFESSIONAL, DEFENSIVE, SURVIVING DRIVER DOES

Observation
• We may look but we don’t always see • Observation is a skill • You can only react to what you recognise

NATIONAL EXPRESS COACH HEADING SOUTH ON A64 AT 2AM

ARE YOU AWARE OF THE RISKS?

HAZARDS
A Hazard is anything which is POTENTIALLY dangerous There are 3 main types
• STATIC • MOVING • VARIABLE

STATIC
• JUNCTIONS • ROUNDABOUTS • BENDS • HILL CRESTS • STREET FURNITURE

(e.g. Railings / Bus Stops / Traffic lights etc.)

MOVING
• PEDESTRIANS • OTHER ROAD USERS • PASSENGERS

Only Bus Drivers have moving passengers when driving. This makes them the most vulnerable of all road users

VARIABLE
• ROAD SURFACE • VISIBILITY • WEATHER CONDITIONS

ADVERSE CONDITIONS
• Rain
– Aquaplaning / Floods / After Dry Spell.

• Fog
– Reduced visibility

• Ice
– Skidding

• Snow • Stopping Conditions – Dry / Wet / Ice / Road Condition

ACCIDENT STATISTICS
“IT WON’T HAPPEN TO ME” Most of us will leave home this morning and expect to arrive at work Each Year 310,695 PEOPLE PROVED WRONG. 4,520 NEVER LEARNED FROM THEIR FATAL MISTAKE.

ACCIDENT STATISTICS
1996 3,598 KILLED

THIS IS EQUIVALENT TO 10 JUMBO JETS FULL OF BRITONS CRASHING THIS YEAR.

WOULD WE LET THAT HAPPEN?
20043,221 KILLED.

IS THIS AN IMPROVEMENT ?

FINAL SUMARY
we have looked at;
• • • • • • • • • Causes of accidents Costs of accidents Dual tasking Defensive driving Forces at work Vulnerable road users Observation and forward planning Road Conditions Use of speed

TAKE CARE ON THE ROADS DON’T BECOME ANOTHER

DEAD
STATISTIC.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful