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PRESENTATION ON

GROUP TECHNOLOGY
PREPARED BY -
CHINTAN SHAH (06DME027)
JAIMIN PATEL (06DME031)

WHAT IS GROUP TECHNOLOGY
Group Technology is a manufacturing philosophy in
which the parts having similarities (Geometry ,
manufacturing process and/or function) are grouped
together to achieve higher level of integration between
the design and manufacturing function of a firm.
AIM
To reduce work-in-progress
Improve delivery performance by reducing lead
times.


WHAT IS GROUP TECHNOLOGY
Group Technology is an engineering and
manufacturing methodology that group
the parts together based on their
similarities in order to achieve economies
of scale in job & batch production system.

It is the technique for manufacturing small
to medium lot size batches of parts of
similar process, geometry, size & shape.

GT is based on general principle that many
problems are similar and by grouping similar
problem a single solution can be found to a set
of problem thus saving time & effort.

The group of similar part is known as PART
FAMILY

The group of machinery used to process an
individual part family is known as MACHINE
CELL
Lathe m/c Drilling m/c
Grinding m/c
Assembly

Assembly


Drilling m/c

Milling m/c

Assembly


Grinding m/c

Milling m/c
GROUP LAYOUT WHERE MACHINE ARE ARRANGED AS PER PROCESS
METHOD OF GROUP CLASSIFICATION
Visual Inspection
Classification & Coding
Production Flow analysis.


Visual Inspection
In this method are classified on the basis of
visual judgment. It involves arranging the parts
into families by visually examining the physical
parts or their photographs. It is achieved by
photographing parts using scale and sorting into
classes by eye.
This method is carried out by experts.
This is an inexpensive & less Accurate method.



Classification & Coding
Coding is define as process of allocating
symbol to the parts. The symbol represent
design characteristics of parts ,
manufacturing attributes or both

Classification is the process dividing the
set of parts into part family.
There are 3 construction method for
code.

1. Mono code
2. Poly code
3. Mix or Hybrid code.

Mono code :
It means the interpretation of each
succeeding symbol depends upon the
value of the proceeding symbol
Here the first group indicates the major
groups such as casted part , machined
part , sheet metal parts etc. The second
digit may indicates the shape of parts
such as rotational , rectangular etc.
The main benefit of this type of
method is that it provides large
information in a short code.
POLYCODE

This is a fixed position code where each class
has a fixed position and code independent of
other classes.

This is most suitable method when
manufacturing processes have to be described.













Interpretation of different code

Code

Interpretation

1 Material
2 Material shape
3 Material chemistry
4 Production quantity
5 Surface finish
6 Tolerance
7 Machine element orientation
Mixed or hybrid code
Combinatation of mono code & poly code

There are 3 types of part classification &
coding system which are mostly use by
organization.
1. Optiz classification system
2. MICLASS system
3. Code system

Optiz classification system
Form code :
it define design attributes such as
part geometry , dimensions & features. This are
first 5 codes 12345
Supplementary code :
this are describe
manufacturing attributes such as information
related to raw material , tolerance , surface
finish & accuracy. This are represented after
form code by next 4 digit 6789

Secondary code :
This are use to identify the
production process & sequence. This are
denoted by 4 alphabets ABCD
MICLASS SYSTEM
This type of part classification & coding method
helps to automate & standardize no of design ,
manufacturing & management function.
It name stands for metal institute classification
system.
It consist of 12 to 30 digit. the first 12 digit are
standard & can be use for any part & other 18
digit can be use as per requirement of company

INTERPRETATION OF DIFFERENT DIGIT
DIGITS INTERPRETATION
1 Main shape
2 , 3 Shape element
4 Position of shape
5 , 6 Element
7 Main dimensions
8 Dimension ratio
9 , 10 Auxiliary dimension
11 ,12 Tolerance code & Material code
Production Flow analysis
It is used to eliminate all necessary routes
, or material flow paths , in order to find
out the simplest material system.
In this method route sheet is used to find
out the sequence of operation to be
carried out on different machine tool
MACHINE CELL DESIGN
The concept of GT can be implemented
effectively in cellular manufacturing which
consists of one or more manufacturing or
machine cells.
Machine cell may be defined as a group of
closely located workstations where multiple ,
sequential operation are performed on one or
more families of similar raw material , parts ,
components , products or information carrrier.
ADVANTAGES OF GT.
Reduction in number of drawings
Reduction in set up and production time
Improved machine loading
Reduces manufacturing lead time
Leads to automated process planning
Less material movement
Reduces change in set up
Better utilisation of tools and equipments
Less number of defects and rejections
LIMITATIONS
High cost of implementation.
Rearranging of machine is very difficult
and time consuming process.
There are large number of group
technology codes.
It is not be suitable when very wide
varieties of product are manufactured

THANK YOU