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CELLULAR MANUFACTURING
&
GROUP TECHNOLOGY
GROUP NO: 6
Ruchi Gattani
Shoaib Qureshi
Ketan Changani
Hitendrasinh Zala
Vishal Bhatnagar
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CELLULAR MANUFACTURING
It is an application of
group technology in
manufacturing in which
all or a portion of a
firms manufacturing
system has been
converted into cells

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CELL FORMATION APPROACHES
Machine - Component Group Analysis is
based on production flow analysis
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Production flow analysis involves four stages:
Stage 1: Machine classification.

Machines are classified on the basis of
operations that can be performed on them. A
machine type number is assigned to
machines capable of performing similar
operations.
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Stage 2:Checking parts list and production
route information.

For each part, information on the operations
to be undertaken and the machines required
to perform each of these operations is
checked thoroughly.
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Stage 3: Factory flow analysis.

This involves a micro-level examination of
flow of components through machines. This,
in turn, allows the problem to be decomposed
into a number of machine-component groups.

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Stage 4: Machine-component group
analysis.

An intuitive manual method is suggested to
manipulate the matrix to form cells. However,
as the problem size becomes large, the
manual approach does not work. Therefore,
there is a need to develop analytical
approaches to handle large problems
systematically.
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EXAMPLE:
Consider a problem of 4 machines and 6 parts.
Try to group them.
Machines 1 2 3 4 5 6
M1 1 1 1
M2 1 1 1
M3 1 1 1
M4 1 1 1
Components
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Machines 2 4 6 1 3 5
M1 1 1 1
M2 1 1 1
M3 1 1 1
M4 1 1 1
Components
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Benefits of Cellular Manufacturing
1. Flow times are reduced
2. Saves process time
3. Reduction in inventories
4. Rush orders can be produced without much
problems
5. Employees feel empowered & derive job
satisfaction
6. Multiple operations get done in a single cell

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Limitations of Cellular Manufacturing
1. Issues like placement of bottleneck
machines are need to be addressed during
cell formation
2. Machines may require their own individual
stocks of materials
3. Inadequacies in employee education,
training & involvement could come in the
way of proper implementation
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GROUP TECHNOLOGY
Group technology (GT) is a philosophy that
works in three different ways:
1. By performing similar activities together
2. By standardizing similar tasks
3. By efficiently storing and retrieving
information about recurring problems
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Group Technology
Group technology emphasizes on part families
based on similarities in design attributes and
manufacturing, therefore GT contributes to the
integration of CAD (Computer Aided Design)
and CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing)
The group of similar parts is known as part
family and the group of machineries used to
process an individual part family is known as
machine cell
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Group technology is a management strategy to
help eliminate waste caused by duplication of
effort.

BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
It affects all areas of a company, including:

engineering
equipment specification
facilities planning
process planning
production control
quality control
tool design
purchasing
service
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
Some of the well-known tangible and intangible benefits of
implementing GT :
1. Engineering design

Reduction in new parts design
Reduction in the number of drawings through
standardization
Reduction of drafting effort in new shop drawings
Reduction of number of similar parts, easy retrieval of
similar functional parts, and identification of substitute
parts
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
2. Layout planning

Reduction in production floor space required
Reduced material-handling effort
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
3. Specification of equipment, tools, jigs, and
fixtures

Standardization of equipment
Implementation of cellular manufacturing
systems
Significant reduction in up-front costs
incurred in the release of new parts for
manufacture
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
4. Manufacturing: process planning

Reduction in setup time and production time
Alternative routing leading to improved part
routing
Reduction in number of machining operations
and numerical control (NC) programming
time
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
5. Manufacturing: production control

Reduced work-in-process inventory
Easy identification of bottlenecks
Improved material flow and reduced warehousing
costs
Faster response to schedule changes
Improved usage of jigs, fixtures, pallets, tools,
material handling, and manufacturing equipment
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
6. Manufacturing: quality control

Reduction in number of defects leading to reduced
inspection effort
Reduced scrap generation
Better output quality
Increased accountability of operators and
supervisors responsible for quality production,
making it easier to implement total quality control
concepts.
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
7. Purchasing

Coding of purchased part leading to
standardized rules for purchasing
Economies in purchasing possible because
of accurate knowledge of raw material
requirements
Reduced number of part and raw materials
Simplified vendor evaluation procedures
leading to just-in-time purchasing
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BENEFITS OF GROUP TECHNOLOGY
8. Customer service

Accurate and faster cost estimates
Efficient spare parts management, leading to
better customer service
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Thank You