You are on page 1of 13

# Air temperature Relative humidity Air movement

Surface
temperatures
Air quality (IAQ)
Lighting
quality
quantity
Acoustics
Security
Building Envelop -The Third Skin
The 3
rd
. skin moderates the differences between the
natural environment and the built environment
75 degrees
65 degrees
+100
- 5
The combined affects of
environmental
conditions on
comfort

Air temperature
Relative humidity
Air movement

C
h
a
n
g
e

i
n

q
u
a
n
t
i
t
y

o
f

w
a
t
e
r

i
n

t
h
e

a
i
r

The psychrometric
chart
Charts the combined affects of air
temperature and moisture content
50% RH

Psychrometric Chart
Definition of Relative Humidity
The amount of moisture in the air
expressed as a percentage of the
maximum amount of moisture the air can
hold at the given temperature.
Example: at dry bulb temp. of 77 and wet
bulb temp. of 63, the air is holding 50% of
its maximum capacity at 77 degrees.

Kuru Termometre Okumas
Islak Termometre Okumas
warming cooling
drying
moisture

warming
cooling
drying
moisture

Warm &
Dry
Cool &
Humid
Winter
Summer
Energy efficient zones
Winter: higher humidity off-sets
lower furnace thermostat setting

Summer: lower humidity off-sets
higher AC thermostat setting
50% RH

Air is 100% saturated
with moisture and
condensation begins
The saturation curve
50% RH
Air is 100% saturated
with moisture and
continues to cool
Moisture removed
by condensation

What if cooling
continues ?
50% RH
Air is 100% saturated
with moisture and
continues to cool
Moisture removed
by condensation

Same air is reheated to 70 degrees
and no moisture added RH of the
room goes down (dryer)

C
h
a
n
g
e

i
n

q
u
a
n
t
i
t
y

o
f

w
a
t
e
r

i
n

t
h
e

a
i
r

Chart Exercises
What is the RH in the classroom?
Dry bulb ________
Wet bulb _________
RH = _________

C
h
a
n
g
e

i
n

q
u
a
n
t
i
t
y

o
f

w
a
t
e
r

i
n

t
h
e

a
i
r

Chart Exercises
Based on the current room RH, how
cool would the walls need to get to
start noticing condensation ?
Dry bulb ________
Wet bulb _________
RH = _________

Chart Exercises
Assume the room is at pt. A when class
begin and we are comfortable, which
direction would room condition tend to
move toward as a response to our
presents ?

Mechanically: (Summer)
we need to (add or remove heat)
we need to (add or remove moisture)
A - Room starts out
here
B
C
D
E