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Air temperature Relative humidity Air movement

Surface
temperatures
Air quality (IAQ)
Lighting
quality
quantity
Acoustics
Security
Building Envelop -The Third Skin
The 3
rd
. skin moderates the differences between the
natural environment and the built environment
75 degrees
65 degrees
+100
- 5
The combined affects of
environmental
conditions on
comfort

Air temperature
Relative humidity
Air movement
Surface radiation




Dry Bulb Temperature Reading











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The psychrometric
chart
Charts the combined affects of air
temperature and moisture content
50% RH



Psychrometric Chart
Definition of Relative Humidity
The amount of moisture in the air
expressed as a percentage of the
maximum amount of moisture the air can
hold at the given temperature.
Example: at dry bulb temp. of 77 and wet
bulb temp. of 63, the air is holding 50% of
its maximum capacity at 77 degrees.

Kuru Termometre Okumas
Islak Termometre Okumas
warming cooling
drying
Adding
moisture



warming
cooling
drying
Adding
moisture



Warm &
Dry
Cool &
Humid
Winter
Summer
Energy efficient zones
Winter: higher humidity off-sets
lower furnace thermostat setting

Summer: lower humidity off-sets
higher AC thermostat setting
50% RH



Air is 100% saturated
with moisture and
condensation begins
The saturation curve
50% RH
Air is 100% saturated
with moisture and
continues to cool
Moisture removed
by condensation



What if cooling
continues ?
50% RH
Air is 100% saturated
with moisture and
continues to cool
Moisture removed
by condensation



Same air is reheated to 70 degrees
and no moisture added RH of the
room goes down (dryer)



Dry Bulb Temperature Reading











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Chart Exercises
What is the RH in the classroom?
Dry bulb ________
Wet bulb _________
RH = _________



Dry Bulb Temperature Reading











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Chart Exercises
Based on the current room RH, how
cool would the walls need to get to
start noticing condensation ?
Dry bulb ________
Wet bulb _________
RH = _________






Chart Exercises
Assume the room is at pt. A when class
begin and we are comfortable, which
direction would room condition tend to
move toward as a response to our
presents ?

Mechanically: (Summer)
we need to (add or remove heat)
we need to (add or remove moisture)
A - Room starts out
here
B
C
D
E