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LINEAR

PROGRAMMIMNG
CHART
PRESENTED BY
SHILPAN PATEL 231134
JAYENDRA PATEL 231133
TAPAS KUMAR 231114
SHEKHAR SUMAN JHA 231077
VISHRUT 231082
Introduction

A sim ple diagram t o show locat ion


and t im e at which a cert ain crew will be
working on a given operat ion.

Prof. Awad Hanna


Ch a r a ct e r ist ics
Shows repet it ive nat ure of t he
const ruct ion.
Progression of work can be seen easily.
Sequence of different work act ivit ies can
be easily underst ood .
Have fairly high level of det ail.
Can be developed and prepared in a
short er t im e period t han ot her form at s.
LINEAR PROGRAMMING CHART
FEATURES
 A practical deterministic approach of
scheduling
 Time-distance relationship
 No crossing of activities
 Time-space buffer

distance

 2 3

1
4 5


Time

NATURE OF LINEAR REPETITIVE
PROJECTS
 There are two basic categories of repetitive
projects

vVertical repetitive projects.


vHorizontal repetitive projects.
v
vVertical repetitive projects.
Progress units are discrete entities

vHorizontal repetitive projects.


Progress is continuous and is expressed in terms of

length or location.

Advantages of LPC
Ø Simple way of presenting time & work completion
Ø Easier time and cost optimization
Ø Simple modification, update & change
Ø Better optimization and management of resources
Ø Better forecasting based on actual rate of progress


Disadvantages of LPC

Ø
Ø Inability to generate critical path
Ø Used at repetitive projects only
Ø No representation of crew learning effect
Ø Chart is based on location not system

Example Project
 The project was to connect an existing pipeline to a
water treatment plant

 Length 1000m

 Pipe length 12m Dia.76.2cm Thk. 7mm

 Trench - depth 2m width 1.8m

 Trench should excavated wider at junction of 1m on
both sides

 Total number of required pipes was 84
Example Project
 Since it was difficult to weld pipes inside the trench, pipes
were preliminary welded outside.

 Trench should be excavated 288m per day

 This production for excavation was 12 pairs of pipes per
day.

 Welders were divided into two crews. Each crew consisted
of two welders, two helpers, and one side boom.

 The outside-welding crew was responsible for welding
pipes in pairs outside the trench and the inside-welding
crew welded those pairs inside the trench.
Example Project
 The production rates of outside-welding and inside-
welding crews were 8 welds/day, (to connect 8
pairs/day) and 6 welds/day (to connect 12
pairs/day since each weld connected 2 pairs of
pipes.) After pipes were welded in the trench, two
painters applied epoxy paint at connections to
prevent corrosion. The lead-time between the first
and second paint coats was 1 day to assure the
paint is dry. The duration to apply a coat of epoxy
paint is 1 day.

 Backfill and compaction was performed by eight


laborers and one front-end loader. The daily output
was estimated to be 220 cubic meters, which was
converted to 3 pairs of pipes.
 REPORT\lpc\CHART.xls


THANK YOU

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