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TENSIOMETERS

OPTICAL
TENSIOMETER
Theta Theta Lite Theta QC
FORCE
TENSIOMETER
Sigma 700/701
Sigma 702/702
ET
Sigma 703 D
BUBBLE
TENSIOMETER
BPA-800P
OPTICAL TENSIOMETER
Suitable for measurement of Contact angle, Dynamic contact angle, Surface
free energy, Surface tension, Interfacial tension, Interfacial rheology.\






Optical tensiometry is an extremely versatile
technique used for characterization of both
liquids and solids. Applications range from
developing engineered surfaces and technical
liquids to controlling the purity of
semiconductors.
An optical tensiometer captures drop images
and automatically analyzes the drop shape as a
function of time. The drop shape is function of
surface tension of liquid, gravity and the
density difference between sample liquid and
surrounding medium. On a solid the liquid
forms a drop with a contact angle that also
depends on the solids surface free energy. The
captured image is analyzed with a drop profile
fitting method in order to determine contact
angle and surface tension.

WORKING
THETA
Theta can measure:

static contact angle
dynamic contact angle
surface free energy
surface tension
interfacial tension
interfacial rheology (with pulsating drop module)

The available drop profiles are: sessile drop, pendant drop, receding
contact angle, tilting drop, advancing contact angle, captive bubble,
meniscus and reverse pendant drop.

As an optical method, the measurement precision of optical
tensiometers depends on the quality of the pictures and the analysis
software. Attension optical tensiometers utilize a unique
monochromatic cold led light source as well as a smooth lighting
integrating sphere to minimize undesirable sample evaporation.
Image quality is guaranteed by a state-of-the-art high-resolution
digital camera and a high speed data transfer between the
computer and the instrument.
WORKING
TECHNICAL
SPECIFICATIONS
Measuring range 0...180, 0.01...999 mN/m
Accuracy 0.1, 0.01 mN/m
Maximum sample size W unlimited x L 180 x H 225
mm
(H 95 mm with stage)
Frame interval 0.65 ms...1000 s
Resolution 640 x 480 pixels
Field of view 2...12,8 mm diagonal
Max. measuring speed 1550 frames/s
Camera Firewire digital camera with
zoom optics
Light source LED based background lighting
Dimensions H 590 mm, W 200 mm, L 740
mm
Weight (basic frame) 7.3 Kg
Power supply 100...240 VAC
Frequency 50...60 Hz
THETA LITE
Applications
Theta Lite is a compact and robust optical
tensiometer for simple and precise
measurements of:
contact angle
surface free energy
surface and interfacial tension
wettability
adsorption
spreading
cleanliness
surface heterogeneity
MEASURING WITH THETA LITE
Theta Lite measures contact angle, surface free energy and drop volume. It can
also measure surface tension and interfacial tension (optional). The available
drop profiles are: sessile drop, pendant drop, meniscus, captive bubble and
reverse pendant drop. Advancing and receding contact angles can also be studied
if dispensing the liquid manually. It comes with manual sample stage and manual
liquid dispenser, making it a convenient entry level instrument for research,
industrial processes and educational use.`

As an optical method, the measurement precision of optical tensiometers
depends on the quality of the pictures and the analysis software. Attension
optical tensiometers utilize a unique monochromatic cold led light source as well
as a smooth lighting integrating sphere to minimize undesirable sample
evaporation. Image quality is guaranteed by a state-of-the-art high-resolution
digital camera and a high speed data transfer between the computer and the
instrument.

Measuring range 0...180, 0.01...999 mN/m
Accuracy 0.1, 0.01 mN/m
Maximum sample size W unlimited x L 200 x H 50
mm
Frame interval 17 ms ... 1000 s
Resolution 640 x 480 pixels
Max. measuring speed 60 frames/s
Camera Firewire digital camera
Light source LED based background lighting
Dimensions H 310 mm, W 130 mm, L 495
mm
Weight (basic frame) 5 Kg
Power supply 100...240 VAC
Frequency 50...60 Hz
SPECIFICATIONS
Theta QC working principle
Theta QC deposits droplets from its integrated dispensing syringe which
can be easily filled with your desired liquid. The drop can be visualized
from the Viewfinder for accurate placement of the drop onto the solid
sample. Following deposition, a picture of the drop is taken. It is possible
to set a delay between the drop deposition and the recording. Theta QC
analyzes the drop shape and calculates the contact angles formed
between the liquid and the solid using the Young-Laplace equation, a
standard in tensiometry. The right contact angle, left contact angle and
average contact angle are displayed on the screen. Data is saved in the
instrument. Measurement data can be transferred wirelessly (WLAN) or
via a cable connection to an external computer where the Theta QC
Data Receiver Software is installed.

THETA QC
PRODUCT BENEFITS
Outstanding mobility:
Battery operated and completely wireless.
Compact and light

Precise and repeatable scientific measurements:
Analyzes the drop shape and calculates the contact angles formed between
the liquid and the solid using the Young-Laplace equation.

Simplicity of use:
Touchscreen allows quick and convenient operation of the instrument.
Menus are intuitive and allow fast setting adjustements and measurement.
The Viewfinder allows visualization of the drop deposition onto the sample.
The dispensing syringe can be easily changed for refill or replacement with
another syringe, enabling you to use several liquids without contamination.
The measurement results can be transferred to a computer wirelessly or via
a cable connection for easy storage of the data.

Specifications

Measurement
Contact angle (): 0-180
Resolution (): 0.1

Footprint
Dimensions (mm): 119 (W) x 125 (L) x 152 (H)
Weight (Kg): 1.3

Battery
Autonomy (hours): 8
Voltage (V): 3.7
Capacity (Ah): 5.2
Power cable (Hz, V): 50-60, 100-240

Camera
Resolution (pixels): 752 x 476
Magnification: 1
Viewfinder
Accuracy (mm): 1 x 1
Dimensions (mm): 15 x 15

Liquid dispenser
Syringe volume (ml) : 2
Syringe material : Polypropylene (PP)
Needle size and material : gauge 27, stainless steel and PP

Embedded memory
Storage capacity: 200 measurements

Available connections for data transfer
WLAN (wireless)
Serial port (COM port)

BUBBLE TENSIOMETER
Bubble tensiometers are used in research, development and quality control for
characterization of water-based solutions such as surfactants, polymers, acids and
bases. They measure:

- dynamic surface tension
- bubble lifetime
- bubble deadtime
- hydrostatic pressure
- effective adsorption time
Measurement principle: A capillary is immersed into the liquid sample and air is
bubbled out of the capillary. The pressure inside the capillary is measured. As the
pressure increases in the capillary, a bubble is gradually pushed into the liquid.
Maximum pressure is reached when the drop is hemispherical, after which the
bubble quickly grows and leaves the capillary. The maximum pressure depends on
the force exerted by the liquid, and hence its surface tension. The Bubble
Tensiometer BPA-800P also monitors bubble lifetime and deadtime, allowing more
detailed investigation of liquid properties.


Surface tension measuring
range
10...100 mN/m
Reproducibility of measured
values
0.1 mN/m
Accuracy of surface tension 0.25 mN/m
Dynamic time range 10 ms... 10 s
Minimum volume test liquid 1 ml
Max number of
measurements stored in the
unit
20,000 (can be transferred to
an external PC)
Experimental time 20-30 min (standard mode
M1), 4-6 min (fast mode M4)
Dimensions L18 x W16 x H34,4 cm
Weight 2.6 Kg
Power supply 100 240 VAC
Frequency 50-60 Hz
FORCE TENSIOMETER
Force tensiometry has become the method of choice for many industrial standards
related to characterization of liquids. It is also the most widely used technique for
measuring critical micelle concentration of surfactants. In addition, it is the only
method to determine the absorption and contact angle of a packed powder or of
fiber beds using the Washburn method. Whatever your research objectives, there
is a Sigma instrument to meet your needs.
Measurement principle : When a solid touches the surface of a liquid, the liquid
tends to be drawn up in a meniscus. The force exerted by the meniscus is
measured and analyzed to determine surface tension. Using high surface free
energy probes such as a platinum Du Noy ring or Wilhelmy plate allow precise
measurement of these forces. All Sigma tensiometers measure surface and
interfacial tension using push and pull modes by ring. Correction calculations of
surface and interfacial tension are made using models from Huh and Mason
APPLICATIONS:
Sigma 700 and 701 are force tensiometers used for the determination of:
Surface tension
Interfacial tension
Critical micelle concentration
Dynamic contact angle
Surface free energy
Powder wettability
Adsorption
Wettability
Cleanliness
Sedimentation
Density
SIGMA 700/701
Balance specifications

Sigma 700 Sigma 701
Measuring range 1...2000 mN/m 1...1000 mN/m
Displayed resolution 0.001 mN/m 0.001 mN/m
Maximum load 210 g 5 g
Weighing resolution 0.01 mg 0.005 mg
Force resolution 0.1 N 0.05 N
Contact angle range 0...180 0...180
Contact angle
resolution
0.01 0.01
Calibration & locking Automatic

Manual
Measuring unit specifications

Sample stage

Sample stage Motorized
Sample stage speed

0.01...500 mm/min 0.01...500 mm/min

Stage positioning
resolution

0.016 m 0.016 m
Dimensions

L33,3 xW 24,4 x
H62 cm
L33,3 xW 24,4 x
H62 cm

Weight

16.3 Kg 13 Kg
Power supply

85...264 VAC 85...264 VAC
Frequency

47...440 Hz 47...440 Hz
SIGMA 702/702 ET
Sigma 702 and 702ET are force tensiometers for determination of:
Surface tension
Interfacial tension
Critical micelle concentration
Absorption
Density
Measuring with Sigma 702/702ET


Results are displayed on a large integrated digital screen.
Open design and convenient control keyboard operations make Sigma 702
and 702ET extremely easy to use instruments. Sigma 702 enables precise
temperature control thanks to an integrated water-jacket vessel holder,
mounted on a motorized sample stage. Sigma 702ET is also equipped with
a motorized sample satge, but without water jacket vessel order. Sigma
702ET is specifically designed for oil-water interfacial tension
measurements in line with ASTM and IEC standards. A software designed
for oil-water measurements is provided with the Sigma 702ET. Sigma
702ET can also be connected to an external PC for additional data storage
and simple reporting. The data collection software is provided with the
instrument.
Balance specification
Sigma 702/702ET
Measuring range 1...1000 mN/m
Displayed resolution 0.01 mN/m
Maximum load 5 g
Weighing resolution 0.01 mg
Force resolution 0.1 N
Calibration & locking Manual
Measuring unit specifications
Sample stage Motorized
Sample stage speed 0.01...500 mm/min
Sample positioning resolution 0.26 m
Dimensions L33,3 xW 24,4 x H62 cm
Weight 10.7 Kg
Power supply 85...264 VAC
SIGMA 703D
Applications
Sigma 703D is a force tensiometer for determination of:
Surface tension
Interfacial tension
Critical micelle concentration
Density
Measuring with Sigma 703D
Sigma 703D is a simple standalone and robust digital tensiometer for accurate
measurement of surface and interfacial tension of liquids by DuNouy ring or
Wilhelmy plate method. Non-automatic CMC measurements can also be
conducted. Measurements are displayed in real-time on the large digital screen
integrated to the instrument and can be transferred to a computer using the
data collection software. When quick and reliable stand-alone operation and
manual control are valued, Sigma 703D is the best solution. The major
difference between the Sigma 703D and Sigma 702 models is the manual
sample stage of Sigma 703D.
Balance specifications
Measuring range 1...1000 mN/m
Displayed resolution 0.01 mN/m
Maximum load 5 g
Weighing resolution 0.01 mg
Force resolution 0.1 N
Calibration & locking Manual