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Individual Level

:
“All individuals are, in some
respects, like no other individuals.”
Group Level:
“All individuals are, in some respects,
like some other individuals.”
Universal Level:
“All individuals are, in some respects,
like all other individual.”
Adjustment and
adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /
cultural
shock
Adjustment /
recovery
Preparation /
anxiety
Reentry
shock
- Preparation
- Curiosity
- Anxiety
- Expectations
- Doubts
- Farewells


Adjustment and adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /cultural shock
Adjustment / recovery
Preparation /
anxiety
Reentry
shock
The W-Curve of Intercultural sojourning
Based on Oberg (1960)
1. Preparation (visa, paper work, flights,
housing, finances, registration).

2. Information (procedures, steps,
regulations, checklists).

3. Clear goals.

4. Communication.

5. Self evaluation.

6. Open-minded attitude.


- Getting settled
- Fascination
- Curiosity
- Anxiety
- Confusion
- Change


Adjustment and adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /cultural shock
Adjustment / recovery
Preparation / anxiety
Reentry shock
The W-Curve of Intercultural sojourning
Based on Oberg (1960)
1. Language

2. Locations

3. Organization, regulations, procedures

4. Social interactions

5. Decision Making

- Homesick
- Academic challenges
- Confusion
- Loneliness
- Anxiety
- Negativity


Adjustment and adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /cultural shock
Adjustment / recovery
Preparation /
anxiety
Reentry
shock
The W-Curve of Intercultural sojourning
Based on Oberg (1960)
1. Social support
2. Understanding
3. Guidance
4. Contact with family and friends
5. Listening and learning
6. Getting to know more about the University,
places, people, culture
7. Getting involve
8. Goals setting
- Learning and better understanding
of self and new culture
- Stability – familiarity
- Satisfaction and personal growth
- More stability
- Better understanding
- More energy and focus
Adjustment and adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /cultural shock
Adjustment / recovery
Preparation /
anxiety
Reentry
shock
The W-Curve of Intercultural sojourning
Based on Oberg (1960)
1. Decision making
2. Changes
3. Paper work
4. Anxiety
5. Readjustment
6. Re-entry
7. Expectations

Adjustment and adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /cultural shock
Adjustment / recovery
Preparation /
anxiety
Reentry
shock
The W-Curve of Intercultural sojourning
Based on Oberg (1960)
1. Information
2. Evaluation
3. Goal setting
4. Readjustments
5. Decision making
6. Change and readiness
Adjustment and adaptation
Honeymoon
Crisis /cultural shock
Adjustment / recovery
Preparation /
anxiety
Reentry
shock
The W-Curve of Intercultural sojourning
Based on Oberg (1960)
Cultural Shock
Language
Academics
Family and friends
Decision making
Organization – living arrangements
Social interactions
Future planning
Adjustment

Approachability
Visibility
Contact
Information
Resources
Guidance
Encouragement
Support
Feedback
Time


Self Awareness (own biases,
attitudes and believes).

Knowledge (exposure to cultures,
open mind, information).

Skills (active listening, respect,
acceptance).
Google images. Retrieved on April 13
th
2011.
http://www.google.com/imghp.

McGoldrick, M. (1998). Re-Visioning family therapy: Race, culture
and gender in clinical practice. New York: The Guilford Press.

Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2003). Counseling the culturally diverse:
Theory and practice (4th ed). New York: John Wiley & sons.

Torres Rivera, E. (2005). Multicultural Counseling Class, Lecture
Notes.